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Travel Vaccines and Advice for Chad

Passport Health offers a variety of options for travelers throughout the world.

Landlocked in the northern central region of Africa, Chad is a country full of cultural and geographical diversity. With cities sprawling across the Sahara desert, it offers a national park, national museum and a rich gastronomic scene.

Travelers can grab a cold beer during a brewery tour at Gala Brewery in Moundou, where the country’s most popular lager is produced.

In N’Djamena, the country’s capital, travelers may find camel hair carpets and leather-ware at the daily market during the day.

From the natural to man-made, travelers can enjoy many of Chad’s unique offerings.

On This Page: Do I Need Vaccines for Chad? Other Ways to Stay Healthy in Chad Health Notices and Outbreaks in Chad Do I Need a Visa or Passport for Chad? What Is the Climate Like in Chad? How Safe Is Chad? Traveling to Zakouma National Park What Should I Take to Chad? U.S. Embassy in Chad

Do I Need Vaccines for Chad?

Yes, some vaccines are recommended or required for Chad. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Chad: typhoid , hepatitis A , polio , yellow fever , chikungunya , rabies , hepatitis B , meningitis , influenza , COVID-19 , pneumonia , chickenpox , shingles , Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis) and measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) .

See the bullets below to learn more about some of these key immunizations:

  • Typhoid – Food & Water – Shot lasts 2 years. Oral vaccine lasts 5 years, must be able to swallow pills. Oral doses must be kept in refrigerator.
  • Hepatitis A – Food & Water – Recommended for most travelers.
  • Polio – Food & Water – While there is no active polio transmission in Chad, it is vulnerable for outbreaks. Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries. Single adult booster recommended.
  • Yellow Fever – Mosquito – Required for all travelers over 9 months of age.
  • Chikungunya – Mosquito – Chad is a higher risk region. Vaccination is recommended.
  • Rabies – Saliva of Infected Animals – High risk country. Vaccine recommended for long-term travelers and those who may come in contact with animals.
  • Hepatitis B – Blood & Body Fluids – Recommended for travelers to most regions.
  • Meningitis – Airborne & Direct Contact – Located in the meningitis belt, vaccination is recommended during the dry season (Dec. – June)
  • Influenza – Airborne – Vaccine components change annually.
  • COVID-19 – Airborne – Recommended for travel to all regions, both foreign and domestic.
  • Pneumonia – Airborne – Two vaccines given separately. All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive both.
  • Chickenpox – Direct Contact & Airborne – Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox.
  • Shingles – Direct Contact – Vaccine can still be given if you have had shingles.
  • Polio – Food & Water – Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries. Single adult booster recommended.
  • TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis) – Wounds & Airborne – Only one adult booster of pertussis required.
  • Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) – Various Vectors – Given to anyone unvaccinated and/or born after 1957. One time adult booster recommended.

See the table below for more information:

Specific Vaccine Information

  • Typhoid – Typhoid, caused by Salmonella Typhi, spreads via contaminated food and water, especially in areas with poor sanitation. Protect yourself by practicing good hygiene and safe food habits. Vaccination can significantly reduce the risk of typhoid infection, especially when traveling to endemic areas.
  • Hepatitis A – Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus, typically spreading through contaminated food or water, or close contact with an infected person. Symptoms can include fatigue, nausea, stomach pain, and jaundice. The hepatitis A vaccine is a safe and effective shot that provides immunity against the virus, usually given in two doses.
  • Polio – Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. The polio vaccine effectively prevents this virus. It’s a critical component of routine childhood immunizations worldwide and has been instrumental in nearly eradicating polio globally.
  • Yellow Fever – Yellow fever, transmitted through mosquito bites, can lead to serious illness. Prevention is key. The yellow fever vaccine is a must for travelers visiting at-risk regions. The vaccine provides lifetime protection.
  • Chikungunya – Chikungunya, a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, causes fever and severe joint pain. Prevention includes using mosquito repellent and eliminating breeding sites. Vaccination provides the best protection.
  • Rabies – Rabies is a deadly virus transmitted through animal bites, affecting the nervous system. The rabies vaccine, given before or after potential exposure, prevents the virus from developing into active disease. Pre-exposure vaccination is recommended for high-risk groups like travelers, while post-exposure shots are crucial after suspected rabies exposure.
  • Hepatitis B – Hepatitis B, a liver infection spread through bodily fluids, poses a significant health risk. Safe practices help, but vaccination is the ultimate safeguard. It prompts the immune system to produce antibodies, ensuring strong and persistent protection.
  • Meningitis – Meningitis, a condition affecting the brain and spinal cord’s protective layers, spreads via close contact and respiratory secretions. Vaccination is a key preventive measure, especially for at-risk individuals like college students and travelers to some regions.
  • Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) – Measles, mumps, and rubella are viral infections that can spread through close contact and respiratory droplets. Vaccination is the most effective way to halt their transmission. The MMR vaccine, given in two doses, strengthens immunity, reducing the chances of contracting and spreading these diseases.

Yellow Fever in Chad

Yellow fever vaccination is recommended for individuals traveling south of the Sahara Desert. If your trip is north or the region, vaccination is not recommended.

Malaria in Chad

Malaria is present in all regions of Chad. Travelers are advised to take antimalarials no matter their destination or itinerary in the country. Malaria in Chad is chloroquine resistant, be sure to speak with a travel health specialist on which antimalarial is best for your trip.

There is a risk of contracting malaria in Chad. The risk for most travelers is considered high throughout the country. Share your itinerary with a travel medicine specialist to see if an antimalarial regime is right for you.

The medical care in most Chadian cities and towns is limited. Hospitals are located in the cities and larger towns. But, for those staying in rural areas, there may be a need to travel at least a day to get to the nearest physician.

Travelers should avoid contact with animals like dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds and bats it could lead to infections like avian influenza and rabies .

For more details on any of the above vaccinations, visit the detailed Passport Health specialty vaccination pages or make an appointment with your local Travel Medicine Specialist. To book your appointment either call or book online now.

Other Ways to Stay Healthy in Chad

Prevent bug bites in chad.

Keep bugs at bay by dressing smartly and applying EPA-registered repellents containing DEET, picaridin, or OLE. In case of a bug bite, cleanse the area, refrain from scratching, and find relief with readily available remedies. If symptoms worsen, consult a healthcare professional.

Food and Water Safety in Chad

When traveling, prioritize food safety with CDC’s advice: consume fully cooked foods, avoid raw seafood, and pick clean eateries. Opt for bottled drinks, exercise caution with ice, and practice responsible alcohol consumption. Prevent travelers’ diarrhea by maintaining good hand hygiene and avoiding street food in unsanitary conditions.

Altitude Sickness in Chad

Altitude sickness, triggered by low oxygen levels at high elevations, presents with symptoms such as headache and fatigue. Avoiding AMS involves gradual ascent, hydration, and possibly using medications like acetazolamide. If AMS symptoms emerge, swift descent to lower altitudes, rest and medical attention are imperative.

Infections To Be Aware of in Chad

  • African Sleeping Sickness – Protective clothing and insect repellent use, plays a vital role in preventing African Sleeping Sickness, a disease transmitted by tsetse flies in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • African Tick-Bite Fever – African Tick-Bite Fever (ATBF) spreads through tick bites. Protect yourself by wearing long clothing, applying insect repellent, and conducting thorough tick checks. Consult healthcare providers for options before traveling to affected areas.
  • Dengue – Dengue fever, a viral infection spread by mosquitoes, is characterized by symptoms like high fever and rash. Prevention involves protective measures against mosquito bites and eliminating breeding sites. For those affected, seeking prompt medical care, staying hydrated, and using specific pain relievers under guidance is essential for recovery.
  • Leishmaniasis – Infected sand flies are the primary vectors of leishmaniasis. Preventive measures include the use of insect repellents, protective clothing and staying indoors during sand fly peak hours.
  • Schistosomiasis – Schistosomiasis, a common tropical disease, is transmitted via contaminated water. Effective prevention includes staying away from infected water sources and using protective clothing.

Health Notices and Outbreaks in Chad

  • Polio – Chad is one of many countries that has reported an instance of polio in the last 12 months. Travelers are advised to make sure their polio vaccination is up-to-date before travel to the region. Those who previously received a full set of polio immunization may need a single, lifetime booster shot.

Do I Need a Visa or Passport for Chad?

All US citizens must have a visa to travel to Chad.

A valid passport and proof of yellow fever vaccine are required as the country is still working on eradicating the disease.

Your passport must have 2 blank pages. If your passport does not meet this requirement, your visa request will likely be denied.

Sources: Embassy of Chad and U.S. State Department

It is required of first-time travelers to Chad to obtain a registration stamp through the National Police within 72 hours of arrival. Have two extra passport size photos ready for registration.

What Is the Climate Like in Chad?

Chad tends to generally have a hot and tropical climate.Heat and humidity are to be expected.

The northern part of the country tends to be hot and arid and receives little to no rain. It is aptly named the ‘Saharan zone’. Towards the central part of Chad, the climate shifts into more tropical territory, experiencing rain from May to November. The South region of the country receives the most rain.

  • N’Djamena – As the southwestern capital of Chad, N’Djamena experiences a short rainy season (June through September), and a longer dry season during the rest of the year. Temperatures range from as high as 106 degrees Fahrenheit between March and June, as low as 58 degrees Fahrenheit from November to February.
  • Moundou – Moundou, located in southern Chad, has a tropical climate. It’s warmest month is during April, when it reaches highs of 87 degrees Fahrenheit, and its coldest month is January when temperatures hit a low of 76 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Abeche – As a town in central Chad, Abeche has a desert climate and is considered the hottest major city in the country. The rainy season takes place from June to September. Abeche’s hottest months range from June to September. Temperatures reach highs of 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Its cooler months are from November to January with lows averaging 61 degrees to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.

How Safe Is Chad?

As in most major cities, criminal activity increases after dark. Cars are sometimes targeted for armed robberies, and crime may take place in the residential areas of N’Djamena, the capital.

It is suggested to use cars as the main mode of transportation. Avoid traveling at night by foot or motorbike. At your lodging, doors and windows should be kept locked. Valuables should be kept out of sight at whenever possible.

Do not hail taxis from the street, and have a hotel or reliable contact arrange a driver in advance. Sit in the back seat of taxis, ensure doors are locked, and keep bags at your feet.

The U.S. government has many more safety travel tips for visiting Chad, if needed.

Traveling to Zakouma National Park

Avoid an embarrassing stop, over 70% of travelers will have diarrhea., get protected with passport health’s travelers’ diarrhea kit .

Zakouma National Park in Chad is a place where tourists can see lots of animals in their natural homes. The park is big and covers about 3,000 square kilometers. There are over 40 types of large animals living in the park, including elephants, lions, giraffes, leopards, buffalo and antelopes. Over 300 kinds of birds also live in the park, which makes it a great place to watch birds.

People can go on tours with a guide to see the animals and learn more about them. They can go on walks in nature and learn about the plants and trees, too. The best time to go to the park is from December to April when it is dry, making it is easier to see the animals around water.

Zakouma National Park is a special place where people can see many kinds of animals and birds. They can learn about nature and help to protect the animals by visiting the park and getting involved in community programs.

What Should I Take to Chad?

Here are some essential items to consider for your trip to Chad:

  • French/Arabic to English Dictionary – There are over 100 recognized languages in Chad. But, its official languages are both French and Arabic. Depending on the region of the country you’re planning to visit, either of the two languages could be predominant, so it’s wise to keep two dictionaries handy.
  • Water Purification Tablets – If you have plans on camping or visiting remote areas, the cleanliness of water may be compromised. It is wise to carry purification tablets and use bottled water to drink, and brush teeth.
  • Sun Protective Clothing – The sun in Chad tends to be pretty strong during the summer. Bring a hat, and sunglasses to protect you from strong sun rays.
  • Cash – There are only a few ATM machines in Chad. MasterCard and Visa are accepted at two hotels in N’Djamena.
  • Jacket – Nights in the desert can be cold. A warm jacket can shield you from cold desert gusts in the evenings.

U.S. Embassy in Chad

All Americans visiting Chad should register online with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program. This will inform the office of your travel plans within the country and will allow them to reach out in the case of an emergency or evacuation.

If you plan to buy a local SIM card you can also enter your phone number to receive SMS updates from the office.

U.S. Embassy Chad Avenue Felix Eboue B.P. 413 Ndjamena, Chad Email: [email protected]

Visit the U.S. Embassy in Chad before leaving to confirm correct contact details for the office.

The U.S. Department of State also operates a 24 hour Emergency Operations Center . The collect call number to reach the center while abroad is +1-888-407-4747 or +1-202-501-4444.

If you have any questions about traveling to Chad or are wondering what shots you may need for your trip, schedule an appointment by calling or book online now!

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Is Chad Safe? Crime Rates & Safety Report


A landlocked country located in north-central Africa, Chad is an ethnically diverse, resource-rich semi-desert country that’s largely unknown to the outside world.

Despite its lack of global attention, Chad, which has a population of 16.43 million people (as of 2020), boasts a lot of interesting places and features, including:

  • More than 200 ethnic groups
  • Over 100 languages spoken
  • Vast gold, oil, and uranium reserves
  • Three climatic regions (the Sahara Desert, the Sahel belt, and the tropical region)
  • A national park that’s teeming with a diverse variety of mammal and bird species

Bordered by the countries of Nigeria, Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Niger, “The Babel Tower of the World,” as it’s called due to its ethnic and cultural diversity, can make for an interesting vacation destination.

If you’re a bold, adventurous explorer who isn’t strongly fazed by higher-than-normal crime rates, Chad might just be the destination you’ve been looking for.

Here’s some helpful information about this fascinating African country that we hope will help you in all the planning stages of your trip.

  • Warnings & Dangers in Chad


Due to the high risk of violent crime, kidnapping, unrest, and terrorism, Chad isn’t widely considered to be a safe country. Chad is generally believed to be quite dangerous, especially for foreigners. If you decide to visit this country, you’re strongly advised to seek professional advice regarding security to make sure you’re as safe as possible.


The main modes of transportation in Chad are buses and taxis, and they’re also the cheapest ways to get around. According to Smart Traveler, public transport in Chad, which includes buses and taxis, isn’t the safest and most reliable. We’d say that Chad’s transport and taxis risk is quite high.


Pickpocketing and other petty crimes usually occur in commercial and market areas, and their rates tend to increase at night. Local police and security forces, or people pretending to be them, may try to obtain money from travelers through the use of fake fines and intimidation. Since the risk of pickpockets in Chad is high, you should certainly seek professional security advice before making your trip.


Chad’s population is quite vulnerable to floods, epidemics, and food and nutrition insecurity. Despite global humanitarian efforts to combat these problems, the issues continue to greatly impact the people of this north-central African country. You can expect a high natural disasters risk in Chad.


A report by Numbeo shows a high level of worry regarding “being mugged or robbed,” at 68.75%. Compare that to New York City, where the level of worry is at 46.05% (moderate). This data shows us that Chad has a high mugging risk.


Chad has seen an increase in terrorist attacks over the past several years. Terrorist groups like Boko Haram (BH) and ISIS-WA have been known to terrorize both civilian and military targets, and the attacks have only been rising. Because of this, we can conclude that Chad has a high terrorism risk.


There are no online sources that address scams in Chad specifically, but police impersonation, nepotism, and bribery are widespread problems. Corruption among investors and government officials is also common, meaning that anyone closely involved in these sectors should be extremely careful. This information tells us that Chad has a high scams/corruption risk.


Although there’s no data about crimes against women travelers in Chad, both the US and the UK governments have issued level 3 travel advisories, which suggest that people should reconsider travel to this country. And since women tend to be targeted more in places with limited economic opportunity, women are strongly advised against traveling to Chad, especially on their own.


With one of the world’s lowest rates of sanitation services and access to clean drinking water, Chad has a long way to go in this area. That said, access is improving in urban areas, such as N'Djamena, the capital of Chad. Thus, the tap water risk is medium to high in urban areas and high in rural areas.

  • Safest Places to Visit in Chad

Despite the country’s high levels of crime, ongoing conflicts, and lack of access to sanitation services, Chad is distinct and impressive in its own way.

The country may be characterized by extremes of many sorts, but for the hardened adventurer, this may be exactly what they’ve been looking for.

Some of the best places in Chad include:

As Chad’s capital and largest city, N’Djamena fuses modern and traditional cultures.

It’s not uncommon to see modern buildings juxtaposed with mud-brick shanties, a stark reminder of the economic state of this country.

Even so, the city is filled with culture and life.

You can explore the history of Chad by checking out the national museum and buying souvenirs at the central market.

This city, which used to be the site of the French Colonial Fort Archambault, is situated on the Chari River, about 350 miles away from N’Djamena.

Sarh’s warm, the wet climate makes it ideal for cotton production, which is the city’s main export.

Although there aren’t many tourists in Sarh, the city has a vibrant performing arts scene, which is sure to entertain for hours on end.

Zakouma National Park

Located in southeastern Chad, Zakouma National Park covers approximately 1,150 square miles (3,000 square kilometers).

Regarded as one of the most successful conservation efforts in Central Africa, the park features a wide array of mammal and bird species.

You can even enjoy a relaxing dinner while relishing the views of the African bush.

  • Places to Avoid in Chad

Hotspots for violent conflict and terrorist attacks include Chad’s borders with Sudan, Libya, the Central African Republic, and the area around the Lake Chad Basin.

Northern Chad has seen violent conflict with armed rebels, and terrorist attacks, especially by Boko Haram (BH), have been an ongoing problem.

Stay away from large public gatherings, especially protests, since they can turn into violent eruptions.

At the same time, be hypervigilant when you’re in remote areas since kidnappings are more likely to occur there.

Currently, the western Tibesti region that borders Niger and the Sila and Ouaddai regions are in a state of emergency due to fighting between rival ethnic groups.

  • Safety Tips for Traveling to Chad
  • Avoid carrying large amounts of cash. That’s because there have been instances of security forces, or people pretending to be them, extorting money from foreign nationals. Only carry with you the cash amount you need.
  • Don’t travel at night. People become more vulnerable targets at night and, therefore, crimes like pickpocketing and mugging tend to occur more after dark.
  • Always carry identification with you. You have to present this when asked by the police. Otherwise, you could experience severe delays when traveling within the country or, even worse, be prohibited from traveling.
  • Be careful whenever you’re taking photos. You need to have a government photo to partake in any sort of photography. Even with a permit, it’s illegal for you to take photographs of police and military assets and personnel, government buildings, and airports. So, if you’re a photographer, be mindful of the laws.
  • Know the laws regarding precious gems. Selling these gems without a license or exporting them without government permission is illegal. Also, if you do have precious gems in your possession, avoid carrying them out in the open so you don’t fall victim to theft or robbery.
  • Never be alone, especially in remote areas. You’re more likely to get kidnapped if 1) you’re alone and 2) you’re in a remote place. Stay in the areas with higher traffic and always be with a group of people that you know.
  • Stay away from large crowds. Although it’s usually better to be in higher traffic locations, like urban areas, to reduce the possibility of getting kidnapped, there are still some things you have to be aware of when in more crowded places. One of them is large public gatherings. Because they can suddenly turn dangerously violent without warning, it’s best to keep your distance from large crowds.
  • Closely monitor the news. This will keep you up to date on what’s going on around Chad and the countries surrounding it (due to ongoing violent border and ethnic conflicts, it’s very important to be on top of these things). That way, if a situation gets out of hand, you can get ready at a moment’s notice and leave.
  • Listen to the advice of local authorities. This will keep you abreast of the local happenings and help you decide whether to stay or leave the area.
  • Research the country in advance. If you don’t do your due diligence and learn about Chad in depth before arriving, you could find yourself in some very hot water. Chad has plenty of cultural and natural beauty, but you need to research the country in advance so you can make the most of your trip.
  • So... How Safe Is Chad Really?

Chad isn’t the safest country to visit, mostly due to ongoing violent conflicts, terrorist attacks, crime rates, and corruption.

However, Chad can be a wonderful country to check out for the right type of traveler.

Ideally, people who plan to travel to this north-central African country are extremely seasoned travelers who have visited and/or lived in high-risk locations, especially in central Africa, and can keep their composure in dangerous situations.

Although Chad doesn’t see a lot of tourism, places that draw the most tourists include N’Djamena, Sarh, and Zakouma National Park.

Wherever you are in Chad, always be aware of your surroundings and avoid large crowds at all costs.

Places you should avoid are Chad’s borders with Libya, Sudan, and the Central African Republic and around the Lake Chad Basin.

Also, avoid remote areas since kidnappings are more likely to happen there.

If you’re a highly experienced traveler who knows how to respond to a wide array of serious emergencies, such as violent conflicts, you still might want to visit Chad, which will certainly offer you a once-in-a-lifetime experience.

Just do your homework ahead of time and you may be up for the vacation you’ve always been dreaming of.

  • How Does Chad Compare?
  • Useful Information

Foreign nationals traveling to Chad have to present a passport and a valid visa. However, citizens of the following countries are exempt from this requirement: Burkina-Faso, Cameroon, Benin, Republic of Central Africa, Gabon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Niger.

The XAF (Central African CFA Franc) is the official currency of Chad and five other central African countries (Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea). The best place to exchange your currency is at the international airport when you arrive.

With Chad’s hot and tropical climate, you need to dress lightly. And because of Chad’s rainy season (May-October in the south and June-September in central Chad), it’s also advised that you wear waterproof clothing.

N'Djamena International Airport, located in the country’s capital, is Chad’s only international airport. The airport serves both civilians and the military alike, and you may see installations on either side of a single runway.

Travel Insurance

This is extraordinarily important, especially when traveling to high-risk destinations. You need to buy a policy that covers all medical costs overseas, and it’s also best to avail of a policy that protects you in other dire situations like the loss or theft of valuable possessions and canceled flights. If you cannot afford travel insurance, you cannot afford to travel. Purchase travel insurance that protects you in as many extreme situations as possible, and you’ll set yourself up for a safer vacation.

Chad Weather Averages (Temperatures)

  • Average High/Low Temperature
  • Where to Next?


4 Reviews on Chad

Chad is gigachad 😎.

But it is very safe. Chad has 10 international airports. What r u talking about?

Should I hire Private security services?

Should I hire private security from a European security company.before travel to Chad?

Who in their right mind will visit such an unsafe country?

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Article Contents

  • Overall Risk
  • Transport & Taxis Risk
  • Pickpockets Risk
  • Natural Disasters Risk
  • Mugging Risk
  • Terrorism Risk
  • Women Travelers Risk
  • Tap Water Risk
  • Weather Averages (Temperatures)
  • User Reviews
  • Share Your Experience

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We continue to advise: 

Do not travel to Niger due to the volatile security environment, including the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and violent crime.

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Local emergency contacts

Fire and rescue services, medical emergencies.

Call 20 72 31 41 or go direct to a hospital.

Call 17 or 20 72 25 53 or go to the nearest police station.

These phone numbers often go unanswered, especially outside normal working hours.

Advice levels

Do not travel  to Niger.

Do not travel  to Niger due to the volatile security environment, including the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and violent crime.

See Safety .

  • There's political instability in Niger following a military takeover in July 2023. The security situation remains highly volatile. Protests and civil unrest could occur and turn violent quickly without notice. Avoid government buildings, demonstrations, large crowds and political gatherings. Movement restrictions may be implemented at short notice. 
  • There's a high risk of terrorism in Niger. Terrorists could target foreigners and the places they visit, including hotels, cafes, restaurants, government buildings, and security facilities. Avoid possible targets, be alert to threats and take official warnings seriously. 
  • There's a high risk of kidnapping across Niger, especially outside Niamey. Foreign nationals are particularly at risk and could be kidnapped from their homes, vehicles and workplaces. 
  • If you do decide to travel to Niger, consider engaging professional security advice and arrange personal security measures.
  • Violent crime, including armed home invasions, kidnapping, carjacking and mugging, is common. Don't travel alone. Travelling after dark brings increased risk.

Some land borders remain closed, and others may close without warning. Trying to leave Niger by land borders is likely to be dangerous. Do not travel to several countries neighbouring Niger, including Burkina Faso, Mali, Libya, and Chad. We also advise do not travel to Algeria's, Nigeria's, and Benin's border areas with Niger. 

  • If you can't depart or if you decide to stay in Niger, limit your movements and avoid protests. Keep a supply of water, food and medicine. 

Full travel advice:  Safety

  • Yellow fever and malaria are common. Ensure your accommodation is insect-proof. Use insect repellent. Get vaccinated against yellow fever before you travel. Consider taking anti-malarial medication.
  • The HIV/AIDS infection rate is high. Take precautions if you engage in high-risk activities.
  • Waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases are common. These include cholera, rabies, hepatitis, polio and bilharzia. Drink only boiled or bottled water. Avoid raw or undercooked food. Don't swim in fresh water. Ensure your polio vaccinations are up to date.
  • Medical facilities in Niamey, including emergency help, may be limited and poor quality. Outside the capital, they're inadequate or non-existent. If you're seriously ill or injured, you'll need medical evacuation.
  • Get full travel insurance that covers medical costs and evacuation. You'll probably need a special policy that covers travel to high-risk places. Most Australian policies won't cover you for travel to Niger.

Full travel advice:  Health

  • Don't use, carry or traffic illegal drugs. Severe penalties include heavy fines and long prison sentences, especially in areas where Islamic militants are implementing Sharia law.

Always carry your passport with a valid visa or residence permit.

  • Be careful when taking photos. Photographing military and government buildings, personnel, key infrastructure, and political demonstrations is illegal. Ask permission before taking pictures of locals.
  • Niger doesn't recognise dual nationality. If you enter the country on your Nigerien passport, authorities will treat you as a Nigerien citizen. Always travel on your Australian passport.
  • Dress and behaviour standards in Niger are conservative. Always dress and act appropriately.

Full travel advice:  Local laws

  • If, despite our advice, you travel to Niger, you'll need a visa to enter the country. Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. You should contact the nearest embassy or consulate of Niger for the latest details.
  • You must show your yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter the country.
  • Some land ports of entry may be closed due to security considerations. Several roads in Niger are closed for travel, except with special authorisation. Without these authorisations, you could be arrested and deported.
  • Landmines are a risk throughout the country. Drive only in daylight and drive in a convoy with adequate security.
  • Taxis are old and in poor condition. Don't use public transport due to poor road conditions and the risk of violent crime. Hire a private car with a professional driver and consider engaging appropriate security support.

Full travel advice:  Travel

Local contacts

  • The  Consular Services Charter  details what we can and can't do to help you overseas.
  • Our ability to provide consular services in Niger is extremely limited.
  • Australia doesn't have an embassy or consulate in Niger. You can access limited consular services from the  Australian High Commission in Nigeria . Contact the High Commission to ask about its services and to make an appointment.

Full travel advice:  Local contacts

Full advice

Civil unrest and political tension, political instability.

There's ongoing political instability in Niger following a military takeover in July 2023. An interim military administration is now in place. There's a heightened military presence around government buildings, including the Presidential Palace, and critical infrastructure. The security situation remains highly volatile.

Protests and civil unrest may occur at any time and can turn violent quickly and without warning. Avoid government buildings, demonstrations, large crowds and political gatherings. Movement restrictions may be implemented by authorities at short notice.

More information:

  • Travel advice for  Algeria  
  • Travel advice for  Benin
  • Travel advice for  Burkina Faso
  • Travel advice for  Chad
  • Travel advice for  Libya
  • Travel advice for  Mali

If you can't depart or decide to stay in Niger, limit your movements and avoid protests. Keep a supply of water, food and medicine. Stay in contact with family and friends.

Demonstrations and protests

Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent without warning. Security forces have used force to break up protests. Demonstrations often occur near:

  • government buildings
  • universities
  • public parks

Mobile phone and internet connections may be disrupted during civil unrest. Movement restrictions may be implemented.

Clashes between security forces and armed groups have happened in many regions of Niger. Several have initiated states of emergency in response.

Curfews may be in place in some towns. They can change at short notice.

If, despite our advice, you travel to Niger:

  • avoid political rallies, protests, demonstrations and large gatherings
  • if caught up in a protest, leave as soon as it's safe
  • monitor international and reliable local media for possible unrest
  • obey curfews
  • follow the advice of local authorities
  • Demonstrations and civil unrest

There's a threat of terrorism in Niger, including in the capital, Niamey. Attacks could be indiscriminate and occur without warning in places visited by foreigners.

Many attacks have occurred in recent years, and more attacks are likely. Be aware of your surroundings, be alert to threats and exercise caution, especially around: 

  • hospitality venues, including hotels, cafes, restaurants and bars
  • locations popular with tourists and foreigners, including national parks
  • transport hubs
  • religious sites and places of worship
  • sporting and cultural events
  • shopping centres, supermarkets and markets
  • security facilities
  • international organisations
  • diplomatic buildings
  • police stations

If there's a terrorist attack:

  • leave the area as soon as it's safe
  • avoid large crowds and the affected area in case of secondary attacks

Attacks along any of Niger's borders are also possible.

If you decide to travel to Niger despite our advice:

  • get professional security advice
  • arrange suitable security measures
  • monitor international and reliable local media and other sources for threats
  • avoid possible targets
  • have an exit plan if you need to visit an area that's a possible target
  • stay in accommodation with appropriate security measures in place
  • report suspicious activity or items to police
  • take official warnings seriously

Kidnapping  is a high threat across Niger, including in the capital Niamey. Various militant groups are active in Niger and neighbouring countries.  

Foreigners are particularly at risk. Terrorist groups and bandits have kidnapped foreign nationals. Kidnappers may execute hostages. 

Kidnappers may kidnap foreign workers, tourists and expats from their: 

  • workplaces 

The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it doesn't make payments or concessions to kidnappers.

Violent crime

Violent crime is common across Niger, including in Niamey. Crimes include:

  • armed home invasions
  • carjackings

The risk of violent crime increases at night, but it can happen at any time. We advise against walking alone, even in the vicinity of your hotel.

Criminals often work in groups to target foreigners and 4WD vehicles.

Outside central Niamey, the threat of violent crime is higher. 

Petty crime

Pickpocketing and other petty crimes are common in Niger, including Niamey.

  • pay close attention to your personal belongings
  • avoid walking in isolated areas or along dark streets at night
  • lock your accommodation, even when you're inside
  • keep car windows and doors locked, even when moving
  • limit any displays of personal wealth.

Scams and fraud

Internet  scams  come in many forms, including romance, friendship, business and job offers.

Once the online friendship develops, your friend or prospective marriage partner might ask you to send money so they can travel to Australia.

Criminals might also:

  • ask to transfer large amounts of money to an overseas bank account and offer you a percentage
  • provide fake cashier cheques for urgent shipments of goods
  • ask for large fees for fake government contracts
  • lure you to Niger for a business opportunity

You could be lured to Africa to meet your friend. Once in Africa, you could become the victim of  kidnapping ,  assault ,  robbery , or  extortion . Some victims have been killed. Don't travel to Niger to get your money back or to get revenge. If you suspect a scam, get legal advice.

Some scams ask you to transfer money through the Australian High Commission in Abuja, Nigeria. Some scammers pretend to work there. Check with the High Commission if you're asked to send money or details to them (see  Local contacts ).

To protect yourself from scams:

  • be wary of online contact from people you don't know
  • don't send money to anyone until you've thoroughly checked them

If, despite our advice, you travel to Niger, warn your friends and family about scams relating to your welfare. They may get fake phone calls and emails claiming you're in legal, financial or medical trouble and asking for money to help.

While you're in Niger, be cautious about giving out personal information. Don't throw away personal documents.

Cyber security

You may be at risk of cyber-based threats during overseas travel to any country. Digital identity theft is a growing concern. Your devices and personal data can be compromised, especially if you're connecting to Wi-Fi, using or connecting to shared or public computers, or Bluetooth.

Social media can also be risky in destinations where there are social or political tensions or laws that may seem unreasonable by Australian standards. Travellers have been arrested for things they have said on social media. Don't comment on local or political events on your social media.

More information: 

  • Cyber security when travelling overseas

Climate and natural disasters

The rainy season is from June to October. Flooding and landslides may occur, blocking roads.

The dry season is from November to May. 

During the dry season, Niger may be affected by the "Harmattan" seasonal wind. This seasonal wind blows a lot of sand and dust in the air. Visibility may be very limited. This wind can cause problems for people with respiratory or optical issues.

If a  natural disaster  or  severe weather  occurs:

  • monitor reliable local media
  • keep in touch with friends and family

Register with the  Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System  to receive alerts on major disasters.

Travel insurance

Get comprehensive  travel insurance  before you leave. 

Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.

You'll probably need a specialised insurance policy that covers travel to high-risk destinations. Most Australian policies won't cover you for travel to Niger.

If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.

If you're not insured, you may have to pay thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.

  • what activities and care your policy covers
  • that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away

Physical and mental health

Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.

See your doctor or travel clinic to:

  • have a basic health check-up
  • ask if your travel plans may affect your health
  • plan any vaccinations you need

Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.

  • General health advice
  • Healthy holiday tips  (Healthdirect Australia)

Not all medications available over the counter or by prescription in Australia are available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.

If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Niger. Take enough legal medicine for your trip.

Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:

  • what the medication is
  • your required dosage
  • that it's for personal use

Carry copies of these documents translated into French while in Niger.

Health risks

Insect-borne diseases.

Yellow fever  is widespread in Niger. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal virus spread by mosquitoes. It's preventable by vaccination. Get vaccinated for before you travel.

Insect-borne diseases, including  Malaria  and Dengue, are common.

To protect yourself from disease:

  • make sure your accommodation is insect-proof
  • use insect repellent
  • wear long, loose, light-coloured clothing
  • consider taking medicine to prevent malaria

Get medical advice if you have a fever, muscle pain, rash or severe headache.

The  HIV/AIDS  infection rate is high in Niger. Take precautions if you engage in activities that may expose you to the virus.

Other health risks

Waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases are common, including:

  • polio (poliomyelitis)
  • tuberculosis
  • bilharzia (schistosomiasis)

Serious outbreaks can occur.

To protect yourself from illness:

  • drink boiled water or bottled water with sealed lids
  • avoid ice cubes
  • avoid raw and undercooked food, such as salads
  • don't swim in fresh water

Get medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.

  • Infectious diseases

Medical care

Medical facilities.

Medical facilities in Niamey, including emergency help, are limited and of poor quality.

Outside the capital, facilities are inadequate, non-existent or under the control of armed militias.

You'll probably need to pay up-front for medical services. If you can't, this may delay your treatment.

If you're seriously ill or injured, you may need medical evacuation. Medical evacuation can be very expensive. The Australian Government is unable to organise or pay for medical evacuation.

You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.

Some parts of Niger are not under the control of the government, meaning that militant groups in those areas may dictate what laws and standards apply.

If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian government will do what it can to help you under our  Consular Services Charter . But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.

Penalties for possessing, using or trafficking illegal drugs can include heavy fines and/or long jail sentences in Niger. 

  • Carrying or using drugs

The death penalty applies to serious crimes, such as murder.

NGOs must register with the Government of Niger before they start their mission. If you work without permission, you could be detained and deported.

It's illegal to take photos of:

  • military personnel, zones and assets
  • radio and television stations
  • the Presidency Building 
  • the Kennedy Bridge in Niamey
  • political demonstrations

LGBTQIA+  information

It's illegal to perform what the law calls an 'unnatural act' with a person of the same sex and who is under 21. This is punishable by a fine and up to three years in prison.

Same-sex relationships are otherwise legal in Niger. However, there is a strong stigma against them within the local community and no local recognition of same-sex couples.

  • Advice for LGBTQIA+  travellers

Australian laws

Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.

  • Staying within the law and respecting customs

Dual citizenship

Niger doesn't recognise dual nationality.

If you enter Niger with a Nigerien passport, local authorities will treat you as a Nigerien citizen. This limits the  consular services  we can give if you're arrested or detained.

Always travel on your  Australian passport .

  • Dual nationals

Local customs

Respect religious and cultural customs and laws.

Ask for permission before taking photos of locals.

Dress standards

Standards of dress and behaviour are generally conservative. Take care not to offend.

If you're a woman, consider wearing a headscarf and loose clothes that cover your arms and legs, especially where locals are doing so.

If you're not sure, get local advice.

The Islamic holy month of  Ramadan  is observed in Niger. 

It's illegal to eat, drink and smoke in public during daylight hours in Ramadan. If you're not fasting, avoid eating, drinking or smoking in front of people who are.

Explore our  Ramadan  page to learn more, including dates for Ramadan.

Visas and border measures

Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering. 

If, despite our advice, you travel to Niger, you'll need a visa in advance of travel to enter the country.

Border measures

Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact the nearest  embassy or consulate of Niger  for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.

Other formalities

Yellow fever vaccination.

You'll need a valid  yellow fever  vaccination certificate to enter Niger. Some airlines may ask to see it before boarding a flight to or from Niger.

Find out about returning to Australia  after exposure to yellow fever .

  • Countries with a risk of yellow fever

Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.

Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.

You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.

The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid long enough, consider getting a  new passport .

Lost or stolen passport

Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.

Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.

If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:

  • In Australia, contact the  Australian Passport Information Service .
  • If you're overseas, contact the nearest  Australian embassy or consulate

Passport with 'X' gender identifier

Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can't guarantee that a passport showing an 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the  nearest  embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination  before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.

  • LGBTQIA+ travellers

The local currency is the West African CFA Franc (XOF).

Only change money at a reputable exchange bureau.

Australian dollars aren't accepted. You can convert US dollars and euros to XOF.

Cash traveller's cheques at commercial banks. You'll need to show the original receipt and your passport.

Be aware that:

  • Niger is a cash-based society
  • ATMs are not readily available
  • credit cards are rarely accepted, even in major hotels and restaurants

Bring enough cash to cover your needs.

Local travel

Restrictions on travel.

Several roads in Niger are closed for travel, except with special authorisation.

Without these authorisations, you could be arrested and deported.

Unexploded weapons, improvised explosive devices and landmines are a risk throughout the country. Armed groups are known to target convoys travelling on major routes using such weapons.

Driving permit

You can drive in Niger with a valid Australian driver's licence and an International Driving Permit (IDP). You must get your IDP before you leave Australia. You must get a local licence if you're staying longer than 3 months.

Road travel

Other than a few main routes, most roads are in bad condition or unsealed, including within Niamey.

Dangers include:

  • poor vehicle maintenance
  • poor street lighting
  • hazardous local driving habits

Roads can be dangerous, with traffic including

  • pedestrians

Checkpoints are common across Niger, including in Niamey.

Carry your vehicle registration and ownership papers, as well as necessary permits. Authorities may ask for these at any time, especially outside main towns.

There's no roadside assistance.

Before you drive, check your insurance covers you and learn local traffic laws and practices.

If, despite our advice, you have to travel by road:

  • carry sufficient fuel and drinking water for longer than your intended journey
  • avoid driving at night
  • carry photo ID, vehicle registration and ownership papers
  • keep car windows up and doors locked, even when moving
  • stay on marked roads
  • have multiple forms of communication, mobile coverage can be patchy
  • seek professional security advice and arrange appropriate security measures.

If, despite our advice, you travel to Niger :

  • get local advice on road and security conditions before you travel
  • leave your travel itinerary with a reliable person
  • drive only in daylight hours
  • drive in a convoy and with adequate security, including the use of armoured vehicles
  • travel in well-maintained vehicles
  • carry a satellite phone and first-aid kit
  • Driving or riding


Ensure your travel insurance covers you when using a motorbike, quad bike or similar vehicle.

Always wear a helmet.

Don't use local taxis. They are generally old and in poor condition. Ride-sharing services are unreliable. Both have poor safety standards and pose a risk of petty crime.

We recommend hiring a private car with a professional driver. Travelling in an armoured vehicle is the safest option.

Public transport

Don't use public transport. It is often unsafe due to unqualified and uninsured drivers, poor vehicle maintenance and overcrowding.

Roads are in poor condition, and there's a risk of violent crime or terrorism. Public transport has been targeted by criminal gangs and armed groups in the past.

DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.

Check  Niger's air safety profile  with the Aviation Safety Network.

Dust storms are common during the "Harmattan" season (December to February). Flights can be re-routed when visibility is poor.


Depending on what you need, in the first instance, you should contact your:

  • family and friends
  • travel agent
  • insurance provider

Call 15 or 20 72 31 41 and ask for an ambulance or go directly to a hospital. Ambulances may be slow to respond.

Call 17 or 20 72 25 53 or go to the nearest police station.

These phone numbers often go unanswered, especially outside normal working hours. Sometimes, police may be slow to respond to reports of criminal activity or may not investigate them at all.

Always try to get a police report when you report a crime.

Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.

Consular contacts

Read the  Consular Services Charter  for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.

Australia doesn't have an embassy or consulate in Niger.

You can access limited consular services from the Australian High Commission in Nigeria.  The Australian High Commission in Abuja has very limited capacity to provide consular assistance in Niger.

Australian High Commission, Abuja

Phone: +234 (0) 9460 6960 Email:  [email protected] Web: Facebook:  Australia in Nigeria X:  AusHCAbuja

Contact the High Commission to ask about available services and to make an appointment.

24-hour Consular Emergency Centre

In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:

  • +61 2 6261 3305 from overseas
  • 1300 555 135 in Australia


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