tour eiffel when was it built

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Eiffel Tower

By: History.com Editors

Updated: June 7, 2019 | Original: June 13, 2011

PARIS, FRANCE - MARCH 31: The Eiffel Tower is seen before the lights are switched off for Earth Hour 2012, on March 31, 2012 in Paris, France. According to organisers the biggest ever Earth Hour has participants including individuals, companies and landmarks in 147 countries and over 5,000 cities, agreeing to switch off their lights for one hour at 8:30pm. The Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, the Eiffel Tower in Paris, Big Ben Clock Tower in London, the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro and the Empire State Building in New York are among the monuments whose operators have agreed to participate in the demonstration. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

When Gustave Eiffel’s company built Paris’ most recognizable monument for the 1889 World’s Fair, many regarded the massive iron structure with skepticism. Today, the Eiffel Tower, which continues to serve an important role in television and radio broadcasts, is considered an architectural wonder and attracts more visitors than any other paid tourist attraction in the world.

Designing and Building the Eiffel Tower

In 1889, Paris hosted an Exposition Universelle (World’s Fair) to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution . More than 100 artists submitted competing plans for a monument to be built on the Champ-de-Mars, located in central Paris, and serve as the exposition’s entrance. The commission was granted to Eiffel et Compagnie, a consulting and construction firm owned by the acclaimed bridge builder, architect and metals expert Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. While Eiffel himself often receives full credit for the monument that bears his name, it was one of his employees—a structural engineer named Maurice Koechlin—who came up with and fine-tuned the concept. Several years earlier, the pair had collaborated on the Statue of Liberty’s metal armature.

Did you know? The base pillars of the Eiffel Tower are oriented with the four points of the compass.

Eiffel reportedly rejected Koechlin’s original plan for the tower, instructing him to add more ornate flourishes. The final design called for more than 18,000 pieces of puddle iron, a type of wrought iron used in construction, and 2.5 million rivets. Several hundred workers spent two years assembling the framework of the iconic lattice tower, which at its inauguration in March 1889 stood nearly 1,000 feet high and was the tallest structure in the world—a distinction it held until the completion of New York City’s Chrysler Building in 1930. (In 1957, an antenna was added that increased the structure’s height by 65 feet, making it taller than the Chrysler Building but not the Empire State Building, which had surpassed its neighbor in 1931.) Initially, only the Eiffel Tower’s second-floor platform was open to the public; later, all three levels, two of which now feature restaurants, would be reachable by stairway or one of eight elevators.

Millions of visitors during and after the World’s Fair marveled at Paris’ newly erected architectural wonder. Not all of the city’s inhabitants were as enthusiastic, however: Many Parisians either feared it was structurally unsound or considered it an eyesore. The novelist Guy de Maupassant, for example, allegedly hated the tower so much that he often ate lunch in the restaurant at its base, the only vantage point from which he could completely avoid glimpsing its looming silhouette.

The Eiffel Tower Becomes a Permanent Feature of the Paris Skyline

Originally intended as a temporary exhibit, the Eiffel Tower was almost torn down and scrapped in 1909. City officials opted to save it after recognizing its value as a radiotelegraph station. Several years later, during World War I , the Eiffel Tower intercepted enemy radio communications, relayed zeppelin alerts and was used to dispatch emergency troop reinforcements. It escaped destruction a second time during World War II : Hitler initially ordered the demolition of the city’s most cherished symbol, but the command was never carried out. Also during the German occupation of Paris, French resistance fighters famously cut the Eiffel Tower’s elevator cables so that the Nazis had to climb the stairs.

Over the years, the Eiffel Tower has been the site of numerous high-profile stunts, ceremonial events and even scientific experiments. In 1911, for instance, the German physicist Theodor Wulf used an electrometer to detect higher levels of radiation at its top than at its base, observing the effects of what are now called cosmic rays. The Eiffel Tower has also inspired more than 30 replicas and similar structures in various cities around the world.

Now one of the most recognizable structures on the planet, the Eiffel Tower underwent a major facelift in 1986 and is repainted every seven years. It welcomes more visitors than any other paid monument in the world—an estimated 7 million people per year. Some 500 employees are responsible for its daily operations, working in its restaurants, manning its elevators, ensuring its security and directing the eager crowds flocking the tower’s platforms to enjoy panoramic views of the City of Lights.

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12 Interesting Facts and Secrets About the Eiffel Tower

Explore the history, science, and secrets of Paris' most famous landmark.

tour eiffel when was it built

The Eiffel Tower — or, la Tour Eiffel — has long been one of the world's most recognizable landmarks, symbolizing the romance and ingenuity of the City of Light . 

Designed as the centerpiece of the 1889 World's Fair, the Tower was meant to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution and to show off France's modern industrial prowess on a world stage. 

And that it did. The tower's construction, finished after two years, two months, and five days, was considered a marvel of precision and speed. Gustave Eiffel's civil engineering firm used 7,300 tons of iron and 2.5 million rivets , and the result stood triumphant over the Champs de Mars, receiving more than two million visitors during the fair. 

The Tower’s now-famous silhouette has been  emulated around the world  in places like Las Vegas, Prague, Tianducheng, China, and, of course, Paris, Texas. The design wasn’t without its detractors , however — a "Protest against the Tower of Monsieur Eiffel,” signed by the likes of Guy de Maupassant, Alexandre Dumas fils , and other well-known artists, was published in the newspaper Le Temps before the project’s completion. The letter argued that the tower would be “a gigantic black factory chimney, its barbarous mass overwhelming and humiliating all our monuments and belittling our works of architecture, which will just disappear before this stupefying folly.”

In defiance of such protests, the Eiffel Tower did see the light of day and has stood the test of time. It remains one of the most visited monuments in the world, welcoming almost seven million visitors a year and more than 300 million people since its debut. It has changed over the years, with the addition of lighting, fresh coats of paint, and numerous installations that have come and gone. 

And there’s still more to this landmark than meets the eye. Despite the incredible number of people who have visited since it opened, La Dame de Fer still has a few secrets to share.  

There’s a penthouse apartment at the top.

Gustave Eiffel reserved the uppermost level of the tower for himself, where he hosted famous guests like Thomas Edison in a private apartment that he designed. The space has since been transformed into a recreation of Eiffel's office, complete with wax figures of himself, his daughter, and Edison, and it's open for the public to tour.

Gustave Eiffel didn’t design the tower.

While the tower is named for Eiffel, it was actually Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier — two engineers who worked for his company — who designed the structure. They also commissioned French architect Stephen Sauvestre to work on the appearance of the project in order to quell public concerns about the harsh, utilitarian nature of the original design. They ultimately beat out more than 100 other projects in a contest to choose the main attraction of the World's Fair.  

The Eiffel Tower was supposed to be torn down after 20 years.

The tower was built with the intent of showing off France's industrial prowess during the World's Fair, but the plan was to tear it down after 20 years. However, Eiffel cleverly put a radio antenna and wireless telegraph transmitter in the tower. After proving radio’s usefulness to the government in 1910, Eiffel was granted a 70-year extension to his lease. By 1980, of course, the tower had become an indelible symbol of both Paris and France, and it was in no danger of demolition.

The Eiffel Tower was almost destroyed during World War II.

In August 1944, as the Nazis were losing control of occupied Paris, Adolf Hitler commanded his generals to level the city. Plans were drawn up to mine the Eiffel Tower with explosives. Thankfully, Allied troops swooped in before the order could be carried out. Subsequent air raids over Paris caused significant damage, but the Eiffel Tower survived the war intact.

The Eiffel Tower is a cousin of sorts to the Statue of Liberty.

As sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi was designing “Liberty Enlightening the World”, he called upon his mentor, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, to design the statue’s internal framework. After Viollet-le-Duc died in 1879, Bartholdi turned to Eiffel and Koechlin. They proved their iron expertise with Lady Liberty before moving on to the Iron Lady.

The Eiffel Tower has been home to both a post office and a theater. 

The tower has been home to several businesses throughout the years, many of which are now gone. These include the newspaper “Le Figaro”, which had an office on the second floor for six months during the 1889 World's Fair, a post office tucked into the first floor, and a wooden theater on the first floor designed by Sauvestre. 

Gim42/Getty Images

The Eiffel Tower doubled as a scientific laboratory.

Eiffel, an avid scientist, housed a meteorology lab on the tower's third floor. He was known to perform studies in physics and aerodynamics there, even building a wind tunnel at the foot of the structure. Eiffel opened the doors of the laboratory for other scientists to use for their experiments as well.

The Eiffel Tower moves.

The massive iron structure is wind resistant and will sway during a storm. Wind isn't the only thing that can make the enormous tower move, though — the heat of the sun causes the iron to expand , making the Tower grow a few centimeters during the summer months. The tower will also lean an average of six inches away from the sun, as the one side facing the direct light heats up faster than the other three sides.

The Eiffel Tower is covered in the names of scientists.

The names of French scientists and engineers working in the 19th century were not forgotten by history — not only are they attached to several Parisian streets, but 72 of them are also engraved on the Eiffel Tower. The tributes were painted over in the early 20th century, but thanks to a restoration effort in the late 1980s, they are once again visible. Eagle-eyed visitors can see names like Foucault, Dumas, and Perrier cut into the iron surrounding the tower's first floor.

It takes a lot of work to keep the Eiffel Tower looking good.

Every seven years, workers apply around 60 tons of paint to the tower. This not only keeps La Dame de Fer looking good, but it also helps keep the iron from rusting.

The Eiffel Tower’s sparkling lights are copyrighted art. 

The Tower’s first light show coincided with the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts in 1925. Automaker Andre Citröen financed a 200,000-bulb show that featured a shower of stars, alternating Zodiac symbols, comets, and (naturally) his car brand’s name at the finale. Another show, featuring 336 yellow-orange spotlights, came sixty years later , but the now-famous sparkling light show, consisting of 20,000 bulbs, first lit up the night sky New Year’s Eve 1999 to ring in the new millennium. While the Tower itself is in the public domain , its illumination is protected by copyright under French law . However, don’t call your lawyer just yet — this only applies to pictures taken for professional use. You’re free to share any personal pictures of the Eiffel Tower and its lights as you please.  

There’s a Champagne bar at the top.

If you're brave enough to climb the stairs to the top of the tower, reward yourself with a glass of Champagne from the Champagne Bar . There's nothing like a glass of bubbly with a spectacular view.

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Eiffel Tower

Tower on the champ de mars in paris, france / from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, dear wikiwand ai, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:.

Can you list the top facts and stats about Eiffel Tower?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old

The Eiffel Tower ( / ˈ aɪ f əl / EYE -fəl ; French : Tour Eiffel [tuʁ ɛfɛl] ⓘ ) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris , France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel , whose company designed and built the tower from 1887 to 1889.

Locally nicknamed " La dame de fer " (French for "Iron Lady"), it was constructed as the centerpiece of the 1889 World's Fair , and to crown the centennial anniversary of the French Revolution . Although initially criticised by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, it has since become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognisable structures in the world. [4] The tower received 5,889,000 visitors in 2022. [5] The Eiffel Tower is the most visited monument with an entrance fee in the world: [6] 6.91   million people ascended it in 2015. It was designated a monument historique in 1964, and was named part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site ("Paris, Banks of the Seine") in 1991. [7]

The tower is 330 metres (1,083   ft) tall, [8] about the same height as an 81- storey building, and the tallest structure in Paris . Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410   ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the tallest human-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. It was the first structure in the world to surpass both the 200-metre and 300-metre mark in height. Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17   ft) . Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second tallest free-standing structure in France after the Millau Viaduct .

The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second levels. The top level's upper platform is 276   m (906   ft) above the ground – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union . Tickets can be purchased to ascend by stairs or lift to the first and second levels. The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the first level to the second, making the entire ascent a 600 step climb. Although there is a staircase to the top level, it is usually accessible only by lift. On this top, third level is a private apartment built for Gustave Eiffel's private use. He decorated it with furniture by Jean Lachaise and invited friends such as Thomas Edison .

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The Eiffel Tower

Paris, Ile-de-France, France

The Eiffel Tower in Paris is a giant iron monument completed in 1889 and one of the world’s most iconic landmarks.

tour eiffel when was it built

24 Nov 2020

@histluketomes.

tour eiffel when was it built

About The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel) is an imposing iron monument on Paris’ Champ de Mars by the river Seine.

The Eiffel Tower history

The Eiffel Tower was built between 1887 and 1889 based on the design of engineer Gustave Eiffel, after whom the tower was named. In fact Eiffel’s design was chosen out of 107 other proposals as part of a competition to create an iron structure as the entrance way to Paris’ Universal Exhibition World Fair or ‘Exposition Universelle’.

The intention was to mark the centennial of the French Revolution. By Gustave Eiffel’s side were engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier as well as architect Stephen Sauvestre.

Work on the 15 metre foundations began on 26 January 1887 and the Eiffel Tower was inaugurated on 31 March 1889 when Eiffel himself climbed the Tower’s 1,710 steps and planted the French flag at its peak.

At that time, the Eiffel Tower’s 312 metres in height made it the tallest building in the world, only eclipsed in 1929 with the construction of New York’s Chrysler Building.

The Eiffel Tower today

Today the Eiffel Tower is 324 metres tall due to the later addition of antennas, making it the tallest building in Paris and the fifth tallest in the world.

The Eiffel Tower is a tourist hotspot and visitors can climb or use the lifts to reach the first or second floors, the latter of which is 115 metres high. The most expansive views can be found on the Eiffel Tower’s third level at 276 metres, which has its own separate lift from the second floor. A backstage tour is available, which details the workings of the Eiffel Tower and its history.

Every year approximately 7 million visitors climb the Tower, not to mention the millions more who enjoy the wonderful park of Champ de Mars which the tower overlooks. The Eiffel Tower’s success is such that many countries all over the world have replicated the Tower more or less identically to the original one.

Getting to The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower is located on the Champs de Mars at 5 Avenue Anatole France in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.

Metro and RER lines are ideal public transit solutions in Paris to avoid traffic jams and save precious time during your vacation. If you enter the Eiffel Tower’s address in your smartphone, your GPS navigation app may propose one of the following lines: Bir-Hakeim, Line 6 (Metro) Ecole Militaire, Line 8 (Metro) Etienne Marcel, Line 4 (Metro) Champ de Mars – Tour Eiffel, (RER C line)

You may prefer to travel to the Eiffel Tower by bus. Several lines (42, 82, 87, 69) access the monument, with no fewer than five stops close to the Iron Lady.

If you are travelling from Les Invalides , you are only 1.25 miles from the Eiffel Tower, or about 25 minutes of walking. If you are short on time, the shortest path is to turn left on Rue de l’Université and continue walking straight to the Eiffel Tower.

If you are travelling from Arc de Triomphe , from the Charles de Gaulle Etoile stop, take Metro Line 6 (heading toward “Nation”) and exit at Bir-Hakeim. Allow five minutes on the subway and 10 minutes of walking to get to the Eiffel Tower.

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Eiffel Tower: Information & Facts

Eiffel Tower

Whether you're lucky enough to have visited Paris or have only ever dreamed of going there, chances are you know of the French capital's most beloved landmark: the Eiffel Tower.

The Eiffel Tower, La Tour Eiffel in French, was the main exhibit of the Paris Exposition — or World's Fair — of 1889. It was constructed to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution and to demonstrate France's industrial prowess to the world. 

"Although at the beginning it was seen as 'the ugliest building in Paris,' soon it became the symbol of the city," said Tea Gudek Snajdar, an Amsterdam-based art historian, museum docent and a blogger at Culture Tourist . 

World's Fair centerpiece

Gustave Eiffel, a French civil engineer , is usually credited with designing the tower that bears his name. However, it was actually two lesser-known men, Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who came up with the original drawings for the monument.  

Kochlin and Nouguier were the chief engineers for the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel — Gustave Eiffel's engineering firm. Together with Eiffel and a French architect, Stephen Sauvestre, the engineers submitted their plans to a contest that would determine the centerpiece for the 1889 World's Fair in Paris.

The Eiffel company's design won, and construction of the wrought-iron tower began in July 1887. But not everyone in Paris was thrilled with the idea of a giant metal monument looming over the city. 

Even to contemporary eyes, the Eiffel Tower is unique. But in the late 19th century, nothing had been seen like it. "Modern architecture was emerging slightly in Paris before the Eiffel Tower. But it was doing it in a very shy way," said Gudek Snajdar. Iron, which was newly popular as a building material because of the Industrial Revolution, became a cornerstone of modern architecture. But in 1887, it had only appeared internally, as support structures, or in unimportant buildings like hothouses, factories and bridges. 

"The biggest problem was that they still didn't know how to make something aesthetically appealing with the new material. When they were using it, they would try to repeat historic stone structures. It's very visible on — for example, pillars in the Bibliotheque Ste.-Genevieve in Paris," explained Gudek Snajdar. "However, with the Eiffel Tower they changed completely the way they were using the new material. The structure, its appearance is completely new and modern."

When construction of the tower began on the Champs de Mars, a group of 300 artists, sculptors, writers and architects sent a petition to the commissioner of the Paris Exposition, pleading him to halt construction of the "ridiculous tower" that would dominate Paris like a "gigantic black smokestack."

But the protests of Paris' artistic community fell on deaf ears. Construction of the tower was completed in just over two years, on March 31, 1889. 

Construction of the Eiffel Tower

Each of the 18,000 pieces used to build the tower was calculated specifically for the project and prepared in Eiffel's factory on the outskirts of Paris. The wrought-iron structure is composed of four immense arched legs, set on masonry piers that curve inward until joining in a single, tapered tower.

Building the tower required 2.5 million thermally assembled rivets and 7,300 tons of iron. To protect the tower from the elements, workers painted every inch of the structure, a feat that required 60 tons of paint. The tower has since been repainted 18 times.

Eiffel Tower fun facts

  • Gustave Eiffel used latticed wrought iron to construct the tower to demonstrate that the metal could be as strong as stone while being lighter.
  • Eiffel also created the internal frame for the Statue of Liberty.
  • Construction of the Eiffel Tower cost 7,799,401.31 French gold francs in 1889, or about $1.5 million.
  • The Eiffel Tower is 1,063 feet (324 meters) tall, including the antenna at the top. Without the antenna, it is 984 feet (300 m).
  • It was the world's tallest structure until the Chrysler Building was built in New York in 1930.
  • The tower was built to sway slightly in the wind, but the sun affects the tower more. As the sun-facing side of the tower heats up, the top moves as much as 7 inches (18 centimeters) away from the sun.
  • The sun also causes the tower to grow about 6 inches.
  • The Eiffel Tower weighs 10,000 tons.
  • There are 5 billion lights on the Eiffel Tower.
  • The French have a nickname for the tower: La Dame de Fer , "the Iron Lady."
  • The first platform is 190 feet above the ground; the second platform is 376 feet, and the third platform is almost 900 feet up.
  • The Eiffel Tower has 108 stories, with 1,710 steps. However, visitors can only climb stairs to the first platform. There are two elevators.
  • One elevator travels a total distance of 64,001 miles (103,000 kilometers) a year.

A hallmark of modern architecture

The Eiffel Tower is unquestionably modern in its shape, which is distinct from the Neo-Gothic, Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Baroque styles that were popular in the 18th and 19th centuries, according to Gudek Snajdar. But its material truly made it stand out. 

"The Eiffel Tower was one of the first examples of the modern architecture because of the iron," said Gudek Snajdar. "And the fact that the building didn't have any purpose in particular." It existed purely to demonstrate French architectural creativity and skill with materials to the world; it was imbued with meaning but not utility.

The Eiffel Tower is also a more democratic, and therefore modern, structure than other monuments of the time, according to Gudek Snajdar. Gustave Eiffel insisted that elevators be included in the tower, but they had to be imported from an American company because no French company could meet the quality standards, Gudek Snajdar said. "Because of the escalators, the building could be used as a tower from which Parisians and their visitors could enjoy a view on their city. That was something that was before only accessible to a few wealthy people that could afford flying in a hot air balloon. But now, it was rather cheap and anyone could enjoy the view on a city from it," she explained. 

"That's why it's a great example of a modern architecture. It's democratic and not only available to a few of a wealthy people. But people of a different social background could use it and enjoy it."

Uses of the tower

The tower was intended as a temporary structure that was to be removed after 20 years. But as time passed, people no longer wanted to see the tower go. 

"After seeing the success of the tower during and after the World Exhibition, many of the former enemies of the project publicly apologized. By the time the Exhibition was over, most Parisians were proud of the structure," said Iva Polansky, a Calgary-based novelist and historian at Victorian Paris . "Although there remained a few die-hards like the novelist Guy de Maupassant, who continued to loathe the sight of it."

Gustave Eiffel was also not keen on seeing his favorite project dismantled, and so he set about making the tower an indispensable tool for the scientific community.

Just days after its opening, Eiffel installed a meteorology laboratory on the third floor of the tower. He invited scientists to use the lab for their studies on everything from gravity to electricity. Ultimately, however, it was the tower's looming height, not its laboratory, that saved it from extinction. 

In 1910, the city of Paris renewed Eiffel's concession for the tower because of the structure's usefulness as a wireless telegraph transmitter. The French military used the tower to communicate wirelessly with ships in the Atlantic Ocean and intercept enemy messages during World War I . 

The tower is still home to more than 120 antennas, broadcasting both radio and television signals throughout the capital city and beyond.

The tower today

The Eiffel Tower is still the centerpiece of Paris' cityscape. More than 7 million people visit this iconic tower every year, according to the attraction's official website . Since the tower's 1889 opening, 250 million people from around the world have enjoyed all that the Eiffel Tower has to offer.

And it has a lot to offer. The tower's three platforms are home to two restaurants, several buffets, a banquet hall, a champagne bar and many unique gift shops. Educational tours of the tower are available for children and tourist groups.

The tower is open to visitors 365 days a year, with visiting times varying by season. From June to September, the tower remains open until after midnight. Rates vary, but visitors can expect to pay between $13 (10 euros) and $19 (14.5 euros) per person for access to the tower's three public lifts and 704 stairs. Tickets, including group-discounted tickets, can be purchased online or at the ticket office at the foot of the tower.

The Eiffel Tower "provided Paris with the most distinguishable silhouette," said Polansky. Its distinct look has made it an enduring symbol of Paris. 

But according to Gudek Snajdar, more than just its striking shape makes it an icon of the city. "Paris was a center of modern art and painting at the time [late 1800s], home to democracy, and hosting the first world exhibition," she said. "It was meant to be a birthplace of modern architecture, too."

Additional reporting by Jessie Szalay, Live Science contributor.

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Elizabeth Peterson

Elizabeth is a former Live Science associate editor and current director of audience development at the Chamber of Commerce. She graduated with a bachelor of arts degree from George Washington University. Elizabeth has traveled throughout the Americas, studying political systems and indigenous cultures and teaching English to students of all ages.

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The iconic Eiffel Tower needs help.

To get it ready for the 2024 Paris Olympic Games, a $60 million (50 million euro) renovation project was launched, according to France 24 . But there have been questions about whether the efforts will be enough.

Relying on confidential reports, a 2022 article in Marianne contended that the Eiffel Tower is in a terrible state, and its planned maintenance leaves much to be desired. Although it needs "full repair," cites The Guardian , "it is being given only a cosmetic makeover" for the Olympics.

So, when was the Eiffel Tower built , and how often does it need maintenance? Learn more about the tower’s construction and what makes this structure so unique.

When Was the Eiffel Tower Built?

Construction of the eiffel tower, maintaining a metal structure, eiffel tower upkeep.

Construction of the Eiffel Tower began in 1887 and took just two years, two months and five days. The "300-meter Tower," as it was known then, opened on May 15, 1889, at the Exposition Universelle , or Paris World's Fair.

The 1889 World’s Fair happened to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution — that makes the Tour Eiffel 100 years younger than the French Revolution .

Although many important figures in the arts and literature, such as Charles Garnier and Guy de Maupassant, protested its construction, the tower was a success, welcoming more than 2 million visitors in its first year. Today, that number is around 7 million a year, making " la dame de fer " (the “iron lady”) the world's most-visited paid monument.

The puddle iron structure at one end of the Champ de Mars was the world's tallest structure until the completion of the Chrysler Building in 1929. (At its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the previous tallest building, the Washington Monument.)

Although it looks graceful in photos, up close, the Eiffel Tower is most notable for its massiveness. It stands 984 feet (300 meters) high — plus a bit extra if you count toppers like flagpoles and antennae — and sits on a base measuring 410 feet (125 meters) in width. Its metal frame weighs 7,300 tons (6,622 metric tons).

The shape of the iron tower is magical, according to Benjamin Schafer , a professor of civil and systems engineering at Johns Hopkins University.

"It's essentially the perfect shape for resisting wind load," he says.

The tower was meant to stand for only 20 years. But it turned out to be handy for radio and telecommunications transmissions, and of course, people worldwide wanted to visit. "Since the 1980s, the monument has been regularly renovated, restored and adapted for an ever-growing public," according to the Eiffel Tower website .

Eiffel tower

Following its first in-situ paint job in 1889, the tower has undergone several color changes.

Originally, the parts were painted Venetian red, while subsequent coats of paint have included reddish-brown, ochre brown, yellow-brown and brownish-red. In 1899, the tower had a five-hue golden gradient from yellow-orange at the base to light yellow at the top.

Since 1968, it has been 'Eiffel Tower brown' in three shades, with the darkest at the bottom. If that palette sounds dull, it was "chosen for its harmony with the Parisian cityscape," according to the website , but it will be painted a golden hue in time for the 2024 Paris Olympic Games.

According to the official Eiffel Tower website , it gets a complete paint job every seven years, a frequency recommended by Gustave Eiffel himself, and a course of action said to give it eternal life. The process consists of stripping, cleaning, applying rust-proofing and then painting the tower.

Eiffel's tower, conceived by two engineers from Gustave Eiffel's firm, Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, working with architect Stephen Sauvestre, was the winning design of an open competition for the World's Fair being planned in Paris.

Writing in Structure magazine , Roumen V. Mladjov stated in 2014 that it "is the materialized symbol of progress during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century."

Despite its 19th-century trailblazing, the tower was constructed of iron, not steel, which would become a predominant building material shortly afterward with the birth of the modern skyscraper.

"It was built out of the only material that could have built that form at that time," says Schafer. "Corrosion and fatigue are the two big things we worry about for maintenance." Luckily, corrosion, a chemical reaction requiring oxygen and moisture, is a slow process, and like steel, iron can be protected from it by a barrier. That barrier is paint.

Gustave Eiffel knew plenty about metal structures and how to make them long-lasting — he had been building iron bridges for nearly three decades by the time the construction of the tower began. And the design of the tower has a lot in common with an arched iron bridge. Take a look at the Ponte Maria Pia that crosses the River Douro in Porto, Portugal, and you'll see a lot of similarities. Eiffel was the architect of the bridge, which was built between 1876 and 1877.

Now think about bridge maintenance; for example, the Golden Gate Bridge . Its steel structure is painted continuously, but not all at once. The bridge is painted "based on priorities" determined by where corrosion is advancing.

Eiffel tower

The planned renovation of the Eiffel Tower in advance of the Olympics included stripping a third of the tower and applying two new coats of paint. However, only 5 percent will now be treated because of COVID-19 delays and "the presence of worrying levels of lead in the old paint," according to The Guardian .

Furthermore, the Société d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel ( SETE ), the organization that operates and maintains the tower "as part of a delegated public service contract with the City of Paris," is hesitant to lose the income that a temporary closure for renovation would bring, according to The Guardian.

As cited in The Guardian , reports released from 2010 to 2016 noted issues, faults and concerns with the maintenance and condition of the Eiffel Tower. One from 2014 by paint company Expiris "found the tower had cracks and rusting and only [10 percent] of the newer paint of the tower was adhering to the structure."

When they happen, painting campaigns can take from 18 months to three years, involve about 50 painters and use 60 tons (54 metric tons) of paint, according to the tower website . Striking a balance between tourist demands and site maintenance falls on SETE. The organization set up a watchdog body to evaluate client satisfaction, and its 2019 results showed that 96 percent of visitors who responded would recommend the monument to friends or family.

"It's a continual process to keep things up," says Schafer. "The Eiffel Tower is worth maintaining because we love it."

Amateurs can feel free to snap photos of the Eiffel Tower, but nighttime pictures by professionals require authorization from SETE because the tower's sparkling lights are protected by copyright.

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Who built the eiffel tower.

tour eiffel when was it built

"Gustave Eiffel was the perfect example of a 19th century engineer: inventive and daring,” says Lemoine, who is himself an engineer, architect, and specialist in the history of architecture at the CNRS. 1 “Eiffel graduated from the Central School of Arts and Manufactures 2 in 1855, a major time of growth, stemming from several concurrent factors: the rapid economic expansion of Europe, at the height of its industrial revolution; the appearance of a new material, rolled iron, which was lighter and cheaper than stone; and decisive progress in mechanics.”

A globe-trotting engineer

tour eiffel when was it built

Eiffel had all the makings of a great engineer. Encouraged by his success in a steel construction company, where he headed in particular the construction site for the Bordeaux railway bridge, he set up his very own company at the age of 32. He surrounded himself with efficient technicians and inventive engineers, and started establishing lasting partnerships with investors. At the time, structural engineering was increasingly in demand. Railways were expanding throughout Europe, and stations, bridges, and public buildings were changing the landscape. “Iron enabled you to build fast: The parts were mass-produced in workshops, and they could be sent back to the factory in case of problems.  On site, all you had to do was to assemble them with rivets,” Lemoine explains. It was not unlike a Meccano model construction kit, but on a grand scale, in sharp contrast to traditional building sites, where stones had to be cut and recut on the construction site to fit—a process that could drag on for years. Furthermore, the scientific laws that explained how materials deformed due to the stresses and shapes of structures, discovered by Claude-Louis Navier in 1821, were now commonly being applied.

tour eiffel when was it built

“The shapes of beams and buildings were designed so as to optimize their resistance, while at the same time making them lighter,” Lemoine explains. Structures made increasing use of openwork. And you could build them bigger and taller without any fear of them collapsing under their own weight, or breaking in high winds. Among the new generation of engineers, Eiffel won many contracts due to technical innovations that could cut costs. “For instance, for the Maria Pia Bridge in Porto (Portugal), he suggested using cables to hold up the two arches that met to form the bridge,” adds Lemoine. As a result, there was no need to put up expensive scaffolding in the river. 

tour eiffel when was it built

The Garabit viaduct in France, the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty in New York... no sooner had Eiffel finished one job that he moved on to another. And he was soon to embark on his life's greatest achievement. “For the Universal Exhibition of 1889, which marked the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, France wanted to pull out all the stops,” says Lemoine.

A tower to rise above the others

tour eiffel when was it built

The tower won one of the four prizes in the exhibition's architecture competition. Publicity in the press and public meetings helped to make Eiffel's project increasingly credible, and an agreement with the government was finally signed. Funded partly by Eiffel's own money, the project would finally get off the ground. Work began in January 1887 to be completed a mere 26 months later. The tower was to amaze two million visitors during the six months the exhibition was open. “It was supposed to be torn down after 20 years, when the free lease granted by the city of Paris expired. 

tour eiffel when was it built

But Eiffel saved it by demonstrating its scientific importance as a site for a radio antenna, and for carrying out experiments, in particular in aerodynamics,” adds Lemoine. Eiffel retired from business at the age of 61, but continued a career as a researcher until the ripe old age of 88.

This article originally appeared in CNRS International Magazine issue 28

  • 1. Centre André Chastel (CNRS / Université Paris-IV / Ministère de la culture et de la communication).
  • 2. École centrale des arts et manufactures.
  • 3. Patent registered under the names of Eiffel, Nouguier, and Koechlin, which Eiffel later bought back from the two engineers.

December 1887: Before the first level was completed, making the whole structure stable, the four legs were held up by scaffolding. Eiffel had the idea of placing boxes filled with sand inside them, as was done in Ancient Egypt. Removing a little of the sand slightly lowered an entire leg, and above all, enabled all four legs to be adjusted to the same height. Had they been just a few millimeters off, the rivets would not have fit in the holes of the plates that were then assembled.

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The Eiffel Tower in 1900

Eiffel tower.

In 1900, when the Eiffel Tower celebrated its 11th anniversary, it was no longer really a novelty. But the World's Fair held in Paris that year provided the perfect opportunity to modernise the monument, and make it the City of Light’s main attraction once again.

Opened on 14 April 1900 by French President Emile Loubet, the 1900 World's Fair spread over 216 hectares and welcomed more than 50 million visitors over 212 days.

The Fair bequeathed several buildings to Paris, the most iconic undoubtedly being the Petit Palais and the Grand Palais.

The 1900 World's Fair was an opportunity to revitalise the Eiffel Tower's declining appeal.

Projet de Stephen Sauvestre d'aménagement de la Tour Eiffel pour l'exposition de 1900 - Collection tour Eiffel by Collection tour Eiffel - SETE Eiffel Tower

Several plans for modifying the monument were suggested. One of the more daring was put forward by Stephen Sauvestre, an architect who had taken part in building the Tower.

His idea was to add two lateral towers to the monument, so that extra elevators to the second floor could be installed.

Although none of the plans devised for the World's Fair came to anything, the Eiffel Tower still underwent numerous improvements. The Tower notably capitalised on the period's technological advances to move into the modern era.

On the first floor, the internal passageway was widened by pushing back the building façades, which took on a brighter, more cheerful look. Four restaurants (Russian French, English and Dutch) were set up.  

The second floor platform was enlarged with an external gallery.

Illuminations de la tour Eiffel en 1900 - Copyright SETE by Copyright SETE Eiffel Tower

The 1900 World's Fair also marked the advent of 'the magic of electricity'.

The 10,000 gas lamps providing light up till then were replaced by 5,000 electric light bulbs.

But the greatest modernisation work carried out on the monument involved the complete overhaul of the elevators servicing the Eiffel Tower's first and second floors.

In June 1889, five hydraulic elevators were installed for the use of visitors. 

They were a formidable feat of technical engineering for the period, as never before had engineers tackled such heights, or such loads. From the time they were brought into service, these elevators enabled hundreds of thousands of visitors to safely ascend to a great height and gaze out over the entire city of Paris.

L'ascenseur système Fives-Lille montant les visiteurs du sol au 2e étage by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

But as they were based on a technology still in its infancy, Gustave Eiffel modernised the elevators for the 1900 World's Fair.

The Roux-Combaluzier elevators were replaced by two hydraulic press elevators built by Fives-Lille. Each consisted of two cabins with a 50-person capacity.

The elevators, vital components of the monument, were put under severe strain. Their annual journeys combined equalled two and half trips around the world – more than 103,000 kilometres. 

Today, a testament to the extraordinary technical engineering of the period, two of the elevators are still operating with the hydraulic technology of 1900, in the Eiffel Tower's East and West Pillars.

Créateur—Société d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel

The birth of the Eiffel tower

The eiffel tower's inauguration and first visitors, the construction of the eiffel tower.

tour eiffel when was it built

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Why Was the Eiffel Tower Built?

why was the eiffel tower built

Paris has beautiful scenery, incredible cuisine and so many different things to go see and do.

At the very top of the list, however, is the crown jewel of the city, The Eiffel Tower.

Many people know of the Eiffel Tower but might not know the origins of the iconic symbol of the city of light.

We’re going to look at the origins of the monument and examine its fittingly notable history.

Some Context..

The Eiffel Tower was built from 1887 to 1889 by French Engineer Gustave Eiffel, hence the name of the monument.

His company specialized in building metal frameworks and structures, and he was the creator of many metallic works across Europe.

His artistic mark was impressed upon the culture everywhere from Portugal to Hungary.

Gustave’s company also was the inventor and creator of the metal internal framework of The Statue of Liberty, designed by Auguste Bartholdi and offered to the United States as a gift to celebrate the 100 th Anniversary of the nation’s independence in 1886.

so why was the eiffel tower built?

The Eiffel Tower was built to be one of the main attractions of The Paris World Fair in 1889.

The Fair covered the entire Champ de Mars in Paris and its main focus was the industrial advancement and use of iron and steel in construction and the impact it’s had on the industry.

It was first called the 300-meter tower but it quickly took the name of the man who built it into what we know today, The Eiffel Tower. The monument opened on May 15 th , 1889.

It was also a commemoration of France’s own independence and the centennial of the French Revolution.

The Revolution was aimed at eliminating the divine rights of kings and ending dictatorships to install a democratic system of government.

Leading up to the World Fair, the organizers held a design competition all over France to come up with different ideas on how to improve the city, and the tower was one of the frontrunners of the race.

Additionally, at the time, The Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world.

This structure showed promise for industrial revolution and advancement in the future and propelled the already motivated French builders to execute this project.

The Controversy Surrounding the Eiffel Tower

While some people were celebrating the progress and looking forward to the display of revolution, others were disappointed in the construction.

Some even calling it a “truly tragic streetlamp,” a “mast of iron gymnasium apparatus, incomplete, confused and deformed.”

Thankfully, the construction was carried out and is now the unmistakable symbol of the city, but at the time, it was not revered as such.

Even before the construction commenced, the Eiffel Tower was met by mass protests led by Parisian critics who called the landmark a disastrous eyesore.

A group of famous artists even gathered a petition to shoot down plans for the monument. They filed an article in Le Temps to publicly express their disdain for the piece:

“We have come, writers, painters, sculptors, architects and passionate devotees of the hitherto untouched beauty of Paris, to protest with all our strength, all our indignation, in the name of slighted French taste…against the erection, in the heart of our capital, of this useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower… Will the city of Paris go on to associate itself with the baroques, with the mercantile imaginations of a machine builder, to become irreparably ugly and dishonor itself? For the Eiffel Tower, which commercial America itself would not want, is, doubtless, the dishonor of Paris. Everyone feels it, everyone says it, everyone deeply grieves it, and we are only a weak echo of the universal opinion, so legitimately alarmed.”

Designer Gustave Eiffel argued that they were not only a country of artists and entertainers, but also engineers and builders with the desire to have their vision seen and their progress made.

In hindsight, it appears that Eiffel was right. In 1887, the French government determined they agreed as well and construction on the monument began.

Additional Threats to The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower was initially supposed to be torn down after 20 years.

It was a temporary show of France’s Industrial gains, but not intended to last forever as a historic landmark.

In the end, it not only became too prominent as a city symbol, but also, Eiffel had placed a radio transmitter at the top, making the tower both too expensive and too useful to demolish.

When Germany occupied France during World War II, Hitler ordered that the Eiffel Tower be torn down, but the order was obviously never carried out.

French resistance fighters, in the end, got their revenge, they cut the elevator cables so that The Nazis would have to climb the stairs to hoist their flag.

The Eiffel Tower is a beautiful and scenic monument that had to overcome adversity and protest to just be built, showing us that the origin story of this great tower is just as important and historic as it stands today.

Great things are difficult to do, and we see that with the construction of this incredible and culturally rich symbol of Paris.

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Hunter Van Ry

Hunter Van Ry, the owner of Frenchplanations.com, has spent extensive periods of time living in both France and Canada learning and studying the French language. He created Frenchplanations as a way to help others improve their French with easy-to-understand explanations.

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False rumors of Eiffel Tower fire spread online

Footage viewed millions of times on social media appears to show the eiffel tower, in the heart of paris, france, on fire. but this is false; the images were created using visual effects (vfx) and do not show real events..

"Eiffel Tower Fire..." says text over a January 21, 2024 TikTok post with more than 8.3 million views.

Similar posts showing the iconic wrought iron structure spread across  platforms including  Facebook and X, formerly known as Twitter, causing an outpouring of comments online.

However, a reverse image search found that the same video used in the TikTok was posted to  YouTube on July 18, 2023, by the user @Augmented_One with the caption: "Eiffel Tower burning VFX."

In response to the confusion surrounding the video, the user added additional clarification in a January 24, 2024 comment saying: "To all the viewers, this is VFX (visual effects)." VFX refers to digital enhancements to live-action video and is frequently used by filmmakers.

Although some iterations of the claim use  different images , these posts also feature pictures and videos that have been digitally altered. Live feeds of the Eiffel Tower showed on January 24 that it remains standing with no sign of flames or fire damage (archived here ).

Alexis Orsini, an AFP journalist based in Paris, also photographed the tower on January 24, between 5:42 and 5:46 PM CET, finding it unharmed.

The purported incident was not covered by any credible news organizations. Additionally, there have been no press statements or social media posts acknowledging a fire at the historical landmark by tower officials, the City of Paris, or the Paris Fire Brigade.

The latest post on the Eiffel Tower's official X page was shared on January 23, 2024, promoting some of the spot's tourist attractions and encouraging people to visit (archived here ).

Lors de votre visite, pensez à vous arrêter au 1er étage pour : Tester les expériences immersives gratuites sur smartphone Frissonner sur le plancher de verre à 57 m au dessus du vide Observer ma structure depuis une nouvelle perspective ! https://t.co/GbwXNX05SN pic.twitter.com/wSYtiJSeMK — La tour Eiffel (@LaTourEiffel) January 23, 2024

AFP contacted the company that operates the monument, which confirmed there was no fire. 

Since it was built, the iconic tower has often been the target of  urban legends and rumours (archived here ). 

January 26, 2024 This article was updated to add a link to a TikTok post.

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Six months until Paris 2024: Six incredible Olympic venues you may not know

In exactly six months, Friday, 26 July, the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games Paris 2024 will take place on the river Seine. As if this venue in the heart of the city wasn’t iconic enough, some sports are hosted in other renowned places. Olympics.com presents them to you.

The Eiffel Tower will be seen from different venues during the Olympic Games Paris 2024

In exactly six months, the Olympic Games Paris 2024 will start with the Opening Ceremony on the river Seine .

It will be the beginning of 16 days of competition, celebration, dreams achieved, emotions stretched, and way more, in 35 venues across Paris, Ile-de-France, mainland France, and even overseas.

Paris 2024 will be an Olympic Games like no other with so many events happening in landscapes familiar from many a postcard. A variety of locations include a dream beach in the middle of the Pacific, in front of a 3,000-year-old monument, and last but not least, the celebrated Eiffel Tower.

As we celebrate the six months to go before the next Olympic Games, let’s discover six venues that will catch your eye, not only for the events happening there, but for the surroundings, too.

Discover all the unmissable Olympic milestones of 2024

Eiffel tower stadium.

  • Capacity : 12,860
  • Sports : Beach volleyball
  • Location : Paris

Beach volleyball players are luckier than most.

After Bondi Beach at Sydney 2000 and Copacabana at Rio 2016 , the athletes will play in another iconic location in six months' time.

For, at Paris 2024, the Eiffel Tower Stadium will host both men and women tournaments. The name's venue says it all: it's located at the foot of the most famous landmark in Paris.

There, the Iron Lady will overlook the four athletes competing in front of more than 12,000 fans. And who knows, maybe she'll be cheering them on, too?

It will not be the only venue with the Eiffel Tower as its backdrop.

The Champ de Mars Arena is nearby and will offer the same sight for athletes in judo and wrestling .

The Trocadero, located just on the other bank of the river Seine, will host the departure of the road cycling races at the Champions Park , while the marathon will pass by the foot of the Eiffel Tower.

The Eiffel Tower will be seen from different venues during the Olympic Games Paris 2024

The Eiffel Tower will be seen from different venues during the Olympic Games Paris 2024

Grand Palais

  • Capacity : 8,000
  • Sports : Fencing, Taekwondo

Culture is a huge vibe in Paris, with the Grand Palais perhaps one of the most important places in this regard in the locale.

For more than a century, this site located next to the Champs-Élysées has welcomed exhibitions and different artistic and sporting events.

In six months, the biggest of them all will be happening here with fencing and taekwondo competitions hosted in the Grand Palais.

Renowned for its architecture, as much as the events it hosts, everything is amazing about this building, including its magnificent nave and glass roof.

The construction of such an acclaimed structure at the end of the 19th century, for the 1900 Universal Exhibition, made it a real masterpiece, and now Olympians will be able to enjoy it, fighting in a place as prestigious as the medals they are chasing.

Grand Palais 

  • Capacity : up to 37,000
  • Sports : 3x3 Basketball, BMX Freestyle, Breaking, Skateboarding

La Concorde is a square like no other.

It’s located between the Champs-Élysées and the Jardin des Tuileries. Even more amazing, on the other side of the ”most beautiful avenue in the world”, you have the Arc de Triomphe and the Louvre at the other end of one of Paris’ most notable gardens.

The biggest square in Paris is also the site of the oldest monument in Paris: Luxor Obelisk.

It was built during Ramses II reign and is more than 3,000 years old. It was given as a gift by Egypt during the XIX century and nestled in this incredible landmark ever since.

It is over here, at the foot of a monument that has stood for centuries, that the most recent sports in the Olympic programme will take place. In the heart of the city of Paris, all urban sports will gather in a temporary urban park: 3x3 basketball , breaking , BMX freestyle and skateboarding .

  • Paris 2024 reveals the look of the upcoming Olympic Games

La Concorde - Paris 2024

Palace of Versailles

  • Capacity : 15,000 to 40,000 – event dependent
  • Sports : Equestrian, Modern Pentathlon
  • Location : Versailles

The Palace of Versailles is the former epicentre of French royalty, a national museum, and a site with UNESCO World Heritage status.

This summer, it will also become an Olympic venue. The former home of King Louis XIV will host equestrian and modern pentathlon events, held in a temporary venue located in the famous garden of the Palace.

This site will show how rich the French history is with one of its most famous symbols, a castle whose fame and prestige has crossed time and borders.

The Palace of Versailles will also be seen by the marathon runners as the route of the 42,195km race will waeve from Paris to Versailles and back to Paris in honour of the Women's March on Versailles, a protest during the French Revolution.

 General view of the gardens at the Chateau de Versailles 

General view of the gardens at the Chateau de Versailles

Marseille Marina

  • Capacity : 12,262
  • Sport : Sailing
  • Location : Marseille

Not all of Paris 2024's incredible Olympic venues will be concentrated in and around the French capital.

Marseille Marina is proof of that. All aspects of France will be highlighted by the Olympic Games Paris 2024 and that includes the vibrant and warm Mediterranean coast.

Sailing events will be held in Marseille, the second most populous city in France. The Olympic venue is located between two of the most important attractions in the city: the Basilique Notre-Dame de la Garde and Prado Beach.

Marseille’s port is famous, and the marina developed for the Olympic Games could have the same destiny. It could become a significant activity in a town with a huge passion for football but also a strong focus on water-based activities.

Another important milestone will be showcased here: the arrival of the Olympic Torch , from Greece, to Marseille by sea.

The Mixed Dinghy fleet in action during day two of the Paris 2024 Sailing Test Event at Marseille Marina

MARSEILLE, FRANCE - JULY 10: The Mixed Dinghy fleet in action during day two of the Paris 2024 Sailing Test Event at at Marseille Marina on July 10, 2023 in Marseille, France. (Photo by Clive Mason/Getty Images)

  • Capacity : 600
  • Sports : Surfing
  • Location : Teahupo’o, Tahiti, French Polynesia

During the Olympic Games Paris 2024, events will also happen in the Southern Hemisphere, more than 10,000km away from mainland France.

Teahupo’o , a small village in Tahiti, an island in French Polynesia, will host surfing events.

Already famous in the surfing world as a stop on the World Surfing League tour, the crystal-clear water and mountain landscape background, makes Teahupo'o look like a postcard from paradise.

But when it comes to surf this iconic wave, the experience isn't quite so relaxing. With a height of usually two or three metres and shallow coral reefs, the site is demanding, even for the best surfers in the world.

“If we thought Tokyo was big for surfing, I think this will be a whole other level,” said Carissa Moore , the Tokyo 2020 gold medallist who announced she was stepping away from competitive surfing after the Paris Games.

But defence of her Olympic title comes first, and in one of the most iconic Olympic locations of all time.

  • Paris 2024 : Full schedule of the Olympic Games

Teahupo'o has been hosting the WSL Tahiti Pro event for over two decades and will next year host the surfing event for the Paris 2024 Olympic Games.

TEAHUPO'O, FRENCH POLYNESIA - AUGUST 16: Kanoa Igarashi of Japan surfs prior to the call during the 2023 SHISEIDO Tahiti Pro on August 16, 2023 in Teahupo'o, French Polynesia. (Photo by Ryan Pierse/Getty Images)

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  4. Tour Eiffel en construction, 1887-1889 ⋆ Photos historiques rares

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  1. Eiffel Tower

    It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower from 1887 to 1889. Locally nicknamed " La dame de fer " (French for "Iron Lady"), it was constructed as the centerpiece of the 1889 World's Fair, and to crown the centennial anniversary of the French Revolution.

  2. Eiffel Tower history, architecture, design & construction

    The first digging work started on the 26th January 1887. On the 31st March 1889, the Tower had been finished in record time - 2 years, 2 months and 5 days - and was established as a veritable technical feat. Key figures The construction schedule The Design of the Eiffel Tower

  3. Eiffel Tower

    What was the Eiffel Tower built for? What does the Eiffel Tower represent? What is the Eiffel Tower made of? Where is the Eiffel Tower located in Paris? When does the Eiffel Tower sparkle? Eiffel Tower Eiffel Tower, Paris. Eiffel Tower, Parisian landmark that is also a technological masterpiece in building-construction history.

  4. 15 essential things to know about the Eiffel Tower

    Built for the 1889 Exposition universelle (World's Fair) which took place in Paris, Gustave Eiffel's masterpiece aimed to show to the world the audacity of the French in the industrial and technological domains at the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.

  5. Eiffel Tower

    Several hundred workers spent two years assembling the framework of the iconic lattice tower, which at its inauguration in March 1889 stood nearly 1,000 feet high and was the tallest structure in...

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    The tenth Exposition Universelle was organised in Paris in 1889, from the 15th May to the 6th November, and it was for this occasion that the Eiffel Tower was built. Stretching over 95 hectares, the Exposition filled the Champ-de-Mars, the Trocadero Hill, and the banks up to t... Art and the Eiffel Tower

  7. 12 Eiffel Tower Facts: History, Science, and Secrets

    The tower was built with the intent of showing off France's industrial prowess during the World's Fair, but the plan was to tear it down after 20 years. However, Eiffel cleverly put a radio ...

  8. The Construction of the Eiffel Tower

    Construction work began in January 1887 and was finished on 31 March 1889. A record speed considering the rudimentary means available at that time. The assembly of the Tower was a marvel of...

  9. Eiffel Tower

    The Eiffel Tower is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower from 1887 to 1889. Introduction Eiffel Tower; History Origin Artists' protest Construction Inauguration and the 1889 exposition Subsequent events;

  10. The Eiffel Tower

    The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel) is an imposing iron monument on Paris' Champ de Mars by the river Seine. The Eiffel Tower history The Eiffel Tower was built between 1887 and 1889 based on the design of engineer Gustave Eiffel, after whom the tower was named.

  11. Eiffel Tower: Information & Facts

    Construction of the Eiffel Tower cost 7,799,401.31 French gold francs in 1889, or about $1.5 million. The Eiffel Tower is 1,063 feet (324 meters) tall, including the antenna at the top. Without ...

  12. When Was the Eiffel Tower Built? Eiffel Tower History and Future

    Construction of the Eiffel Tower began in 1887 and took just two years, two months and five days. The "300-meter Tower," as it was known then, opened on May 15, 1889, at the Exposition Universelle, or Paris World's Fair. The 1889 World's Fair happened to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution — that makes the Tour Eiffel 100 ...

  13. Who Built the Eiffel Tower?

    A tower to rise above the others. The idea of a tower was being mooted. It would be taller than any structure ever built, even outstripping the Washington Monument, which was 169 meters tall. Two engineers from the Eiffel company, Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, designed a 300 meter-high tower.

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    Eiffel et Compagnie, a firm owned by French architect and engineer Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), designed and constructed the iron tower for the Exposition Universelle, or World's Fair, in 1889. Portrait photograph of French engineer Gustave Eiffel, 1910 (Photo: Bibliothèque nationale de France via Wikimedia Commons, Public domain)

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    The Eiffel Tower was built to be one of the main attractions of The Paris World Fair in 1889. The Fair covered the entire Champ de Mars in Paris and its main focus was the industrial advancement and use of iron and steel in construction and the impact it's had on the industry. It was first called the 300-meter tower but it quickly took the ...

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