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N ational Drug Intelligence Center. Cover photo NDIC. Printable brochure KB pdf. Other products of interest. National Drug Intelligence Center a component of the U. Department of Justice.
Archived on: January 1, This document may contain dated information. It remains available to provide access to historical materials. The term khat refers to the leaves and young shoots of Catha edulis. The plant has been widely used since the thirteenth century as a recreational drug by the indigenous people of East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Middle East.
Individuals chew khat leaves because of their stimulant and euphoric effects, which are similar to, but less intense than, those resulting from the abuse of cocaine or methamphetamine. When fresh, khat leaves are glossy and crimson-brown in color, resembling withered basil. Khat leaves typically begin to deteriorate 48 hours after being harvested from the shrub on which they grow.
Deteriorating khat leaves are leathery and turn yellow-green.
Fresh khat typically is chewed and then retained in the cheek and chewed intermittently until the juices are extracted. Dried khat can be brewed into tea or made into a chewable paste.
Less common methods of administering khat are smoking or sprinkling on food. Immediate effects of khat use include increased heart and breathing rates, elevated body temperature and blood pressure, and increased alertness, excitement, energy, and talkativeness. The effects of khat usually last between 90 minutes and 3 hours.
After-effects of khat use include lack of concentration, numbness, and insomnia. The use of khat is accepted within Somali, Ethiopian, and Yemeni cultures; in the United States, khat use is most prevalent among immigrants from those countries. Khat abuse causes psychological dependence, and chronic abuse can lead to behavioral changes and mental health impairment.
Clinical symptoms include manic behavior with grandiose delusions, violence, suicidal depression, and schizophreniform psychosis characterized by paranoid delusions. Chronic abuse can also produce physical exhaustion, anorexia, periodontal disease, and gastrointestinal illness. There The drug khat no licit use for khat in the United States. Once the plant is harvested, cathinone levels begin to decline; cooling the cut plant material reduces the rate of decline.
In dried or dehydrated khat, also known as Graba, cathinone may be detected for many months or even years.
Cathine, which is about 10 times less The drug khat than cathinone, remains stable in khat after the plant has been harvested. Khat samples in which any level of cathinone is found by chemical analysis are treated as Schedule I plant material. Khat samples in which only cathine is detectable by chemical analysis are treated as Schedule IV plant material. Schedule I drugs under the Controlled Substances Act CSA are classified as having a high potential for abuse, no currently accepted medical use in the United States, and a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision.
Schedule IV drugs under the CSA are classified as having a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in Schedule III, a currently accepted medical use in the United States, and abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in Schedule III. Contacts usdoj.
National Drug Intelligence Center U. Department of Justice Robert F. Product No. November W hat is khat?
What does khat look like? How is khat used? To Top Who uses khat The use of khat is accepted within Somali, Ethiopian, and Yemeni cultures; in the United States, khat use is most prevalent among immigrants from those countries.The drug khat
email: [email protected] - phone:(618) 108-2101 x 9990
Khat drug profile