Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33

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Civil War. Recruited from the southeastern counties of ButlerDaleCoffee Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33, CovingtonRussell and Montgomeryit saw extensive service with the Confederate Army of Tennessee before being nearly annihilated at the Battle of Franklin in Survivors from the regiment would continue to serve until the final capitulation of General Joseph Johnston in North Carolina in In addition to the counties named above, the 33rd Alabama drew recruits from three modern Alabama counties that did not yet exist in Geneva Countywhich was then a part of Dale and Coffee counties; Crenshaw Countywhich would be formed from Covington and other nearby counties after the war; and Houston Countywhich then formed a part of Dale and Henry Counties.

Initially ased to the defense of Confederate forts in Pensacola BayFloridathe 33rd was quickly transferred to duty in the Army of Tennesseewhere it saw its first ificant action at the Battle of Perryville. Lee once referred to as "a meteor shining from a clouded sky" for his battlefield prowess.

Historians of the 33rd benefit from extremely detailed s of this regiment's service by soldiers who served in it; the most important of these was written by Private W. Matthews of Co. B, who left records of nearly every aspect of regimental life from food to clothing to nicknames, sundries and even the soldiers' opinions of two different service rifles they were issued.

McRee had been reduced to near-rubble by Federal warships and the guns of Ft. According to one veteran's memoirs, their time at this location was spent in initial military training, drill, and guard duty. At one point, local commanders decided to remove the coastal artillery from the badly damaged fortress, and the 33rd was asked to help.

The guns were removed from their five- to eight-inch bases during daylight hours; later, at night, they were slung beneath a specially built wagon equipped with fourteen-inch-wide tires, to which thirty-six mules were hitched. While on duty at Ft. McRee, the regiment had its first direct encounter with the enemy—or what it thought was the enemy, at the time.

During a fierce rainstorm one night, a Federal ship endeavoring to resupply Ft. Pickens encountered difficulties and jettisoned some of its cargo described as "many barrels of vinegarboxes of crackers and other things" [7] ; sentinels from Co's B and I mistook these floating crates for an amphibious assault force approaching their position, and fired on them before realizing their error. Following their initial duty at Pensacola, the 33rd was ordered to report to Corinth, Mississippifor duty with General Albert Sidney Johnston 's Army of Mississippi. Arriving just after the Confederate loss at Shiloh in which Johnston was killed and replaced in command by General P.

Beauregardthe 33rd was ased to the brigade commanded by Colonel Alexander T. Hawthornwhich was part of the Army's 3rd Corps. Wood's brigade," in May[10] and also indicates that he and his comrades traded in their Pensacola muskets for "new painted Enfield Rifles out of the boxes, with Minie balls cartridges, new bayonets and scabbards.

On the evening of May 29th [], the 33rd Alabama and others, maybe the brigade, were withdrawn from the front to near [the] railroad before sunset, where we had orders to yell as loudly as we could as each trainload of reinforcements came in, and soon afterward the first train came by, and we made the forest resound with our yells and in some fifteen minutes another came in, and we yelled as we did for each of the six or perhaps ten of the empty trains; we afterwards learned that it was a ruse to deceive the Federal General [Henry] Halleck.

During this time, the men of the 33rd discarded many items that they now considered non-essential, burdened down as they were on their frequent marches: "hammers, pillows, towels, books, bedclothing, clothing, big knives, tinware, sheepskins, bear skins and other paraphernalia. Up to now, the 33rd had not seen any ificant action, but this was about to change. Emboldened by recent successes achieved by Confederate raiders under Colonel John Hunt Morgan and seeking to divert Federal attention from the strategically important towns of Chattanooga and Vicksburg, MississippiGeneral Bragg decided Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33 invade Kentuckya slave state that had remained loyal to the Union—but which still contained a large pro-Confederate minority.

Pursuing Federal troops rounded up many stragglers, but refrained from attacking the main Confederate force at first. Despite the huge advantage in s possessed by the Southerners, the Federal commander, Colonel John T. Wilderrefused the initial demand for surrender. Confederate forces attacked his works and were repulsed, settling in for a two-day siege before the Federal commander was finally persuaded to give up after being taken on a personal tour of the Confederate siege lines by General Buckner. Following a Confederate victory at Richmond, Kentucky on August 30, Confederate forces advanced deeper into that state, seeking to drive the Federals across the Ohio River and thus establish the Confederacy's northern boundary on that waterway.

A drought that summer had impacted both armies, with one soldier of the 33rd Alabama saying that: "we obtained water under deep limesinks, some of these being partly full of water, and Federals had utilized some of the partly filled sinks as a place to butcher cattle and dumped offal into them, making the water unfit to drink.

The Southerners fared little better. Desperate for water, both armies converged on the tiny village of Perryville, Kentuckywhere water was said to still be available. The Confederates reached the town first, with the 33rd Alabama arriving around am on the morning of October 7 [16] and deploying with the rest of Wood's brigade to the north of town.

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A battle commenced on the morning of October 8, with the 33rd taking little part until late afternoon, when Bragg called for fresh troops to launch an attack on Dixville Crossro, held by the 34th Federal Brigade under Colonel George Webster. Webster's brigade contained the 22nd Indiana75th Illinois and 59th Illinois Infantry regiments, all of whom were raw recruits who had never seen combat before.

Wood's brigade, including the 33rd Alabama, attacked around 5pm and ran into murderous fire from Webster's men. The Federals, supported by Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33 Harris' battery, decimated the attacking Confederates and forced them to withdraw. Regrouping at the base of the hill, the 33rd and its sister regiments—now assisting a fresh brigade led by Brigadier General St.

John Richardson Liddell Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33 again, taking more casualties but ultimately driving the Federals from the hill after Harris' battery ran out of ammunition and was forced to withdraw. We got to Perryville October 7th, I think around AM, passed through the town and bivouacked to the north or left of the pike, obtaining water under a deep lime sink, then moved by the right flank in column and halted in line on a ridge.

A Federal battery [Harris'] on a ridge in sight across a field began shelling us Sempel's Battery [an Alabama battery with six guns ased to Woods' brigade] got into position near the right of the 33rd Alabama, near a house, and in the artillery duel that followed General S.

Wood our Brigadier, fell or was thrown from his horse and left the field; and the regiments that went into the fight were without the aid of a Brigadier, no one assuming the command that I know of or saw. The command to the 33rd Alabama was to guide left, and to the 32nd Mississippi to guide right. We moved down and across a stubble field Company B of the 33rd [Alabama] was at times partly in front or rear or right of the 32nd Mississippi, the pressing together causing some boys to use language they did not learn at church Our officers who were not wounded urged us forward, and we rushed their line which broke after one getting near the muzzle of their guns Company B on the left of the regiment passed between some of their [cannon], and pushed on over the ridge and down the slope and across the second valley in pursuit of them and up another slope into some timber, to where we met a [second] line behind a fence.

We got to within about thirty steps of this fence, but our ranks were so thinned that we could not get to them. We stayed there about thirty minutes, during which time some [of] our guns got choked with burning powder, when we would exchange them for others laying around. We having no men on our right, they enfiladed us from the right, while the line behind the fence in front seemed determined to stay.

Then the Federals got to advancing around the right of the 33rd Alabama, where it had no support and doubling its right back in the rear of its left, the regiment pivoting on the right of the 32nd Mississippi Crittenden ordered the left of the regiment to drop back some, the right being then quite forty-five degrees in rear of the 32nd Mississippi, the pivot. In falling back the entire regiment dropped back some, but Col. Crittenden halted us, where we squatted on our knees loading and firing for a short time in the valley or depression to the right and in rear of the right company of the 32nd Mississippi, and facing almost at a right angle compared with our former front Crittenden, Cpt.

Bob Hughes and other officers rallied our fleeing men behind a rail fence, a graveyard, and checked them until an Arkansas brigade carrying our blue and white flags came up and fired one [volley] into the fleeing Federals, killing many of them and driving the remainder back. Had some of these or other troops been moved in on our right earlier in the evening, and kept the Federals off our right flanks and from getting in our rear, we might have carried the line behind the fence on our first front.

When the smoke finally cleared that evening, the Confederates had won a tactical victory at Perryville. However the approach of fresh Union forces and the increasingly untenable situation in Kentucky compelled Bragg to order a retreat.

The 33rd and the rest of Bragg's army withdrew to Tennessee through the Cumberland Gapleaving the Federals in possession of Kentucky for the rest of the war. After the battle, Private Matthews reported that the surviving members of the regiment carried their injured comrades to field hospitalswhile others removed the personal effects from the dead to return to their families in Alabama.

He reports that though exhausted from the day's fighting, the surviving troops spent all that night carrying water to their friends, gathering straw for them to lie on, and assisting the surgeons in caring for them. When some of the wounded complained of being cold, their comrades covered them with their own blankets.

According to Matthews, "few of us carried knapsacks, afterwards. Private Matthews reported that "for a few days after the battle, our right shoulders were quite sore from the rebound of our Enfield Rifles when firing, as they were after any prolonged firing, and some rifles kicked worse than others. Matthews also related the of a mortally wounded soldier named Ward who asked his " body servant " e Jesse to return to Alabama and convey his final goodbye to his wife.

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Matthews emphasized that Jesse could easily have run away in the confusion and sought freedom with nearby Federal troops, but he chose to return home—entirely on his own—carrying his master's message. While fragging —the assassination of unpopular officers by their subordinates—is generally associated with the Vietnam Warincidents of this nature occurred during the Civil War as well. Private Matthews speaks of a "Lieut. With regard to his own unit, Matthews says: "I never heard it rumored that any of our officers of the 33rd Alabama were ever shot by any of our men intentionally, for there were no tyrannical officers such as Colonel Keep in the regiment.

From here he continued his retreat to Knoxville, Tennesseewhere the army drew supplies described as: "flour, corn meal, bacon, fresh beef, rice, salt and the first soap that we had drawn in two months," together with new uniforms and shoes. On November 4,the 33rd Alabama was ordered to board a train which was scheduled to take them to Chattanooga.

In a freak accident a few miles south of Cleveland, Tennesseea large stick of wood fell from the locomotive tender as the train moved rapidly on a downhill grade, breaking the axle of one of the railcars immediately behind it and causing part of the train to derail. Matthews reports that when the axle snapped on the boxcar he was in, all the wheels came off and "clogged" under the wheels of the car behind it occupied by Co. Gcausing its separation from the train.

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Meanwhile, the engine continued to pull the wheel-less B Company car two or three hundred yards down the track before it finally stopped. Several soldiers had been riding on the boxcar roofs: Matthews reported that these were "shook off, like shaking peaches from a tree, and badly jolted when they hit the ground.

A total of seventeen men were killed in the disaster, with sixty-seven others maimed; many of these would later die from their injuries. Following the Battle of Perryville, the 33rd Alabama—together with the rest of Wood's brigade—was transferred to a new division commanded by Major General Patrick R. Cleburneunder whom the 33rd would serve for most of the rest of the war. By now Bragg had converted his "wings" into corps; Cleburne's division was ased to the corps commanded by Lieutenant General William J.

Hardeein what was now officially called the Army of Tennessee. Private Matthews reports that the 33rd Alabama was tasked to serve as a rear guard for their brigade along the line of march, occasionally skirmishing with pursuing Federal forces while contending with muddy ro during the final portion of their journey.

Knowing that Murfreesboro and the surrounding area were staunchly pro-Southern in sentiment, Bragg felt compelled to make a stand on relatively flat ground north of the city, even though several more-defensible areas lay further to the north and south. Rosecransclosed with Bragg in late Decemberarriving at Murfreesboro on December 29 and moving into position the following day. Following a musical contest between Southern and Federal bands during the evening hours on the 30th, both armies prepared to attack each other at dawn on the 31st. Hardee's corps—more than 10, troops in all— would attack at dawn in a massive wave, hoping to catch their enemy off guard and preoccupied with eating breakfast and other morning activities, just as they had done at Shiloh where they had achieved complete surprise.

Lieutenant Alfred Moore, the regimental adjutantdescribes the action at Stones River and its aftermath in a letter to his mother, Amanda:. On the morning of the 31st, we were formed in line and commenced to move forward. We marched through a large field, and moved to a cedar thicket. Directly [word missing] we got into the woods our skirmishers [word missing] front began to fire. Soon the Yankees came in sight and the [word unintelligible] commenced. Our regiment fell to the ground to protect themselves, and commenced to open fire.

The Yankees were lying on the ground in some rocks and poured a steady fire into our ranks. I could hear the balls whistle by me, and see them strike the trees on every side. Our fire soon became too hot for them, and they rose and began to run. The command was given to 'forward,' and we started for them, cheering as we went.

As we went Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33 after them, I would for mere curiosity ask some of the wounded Yankees what regiments they belonged to? Some would answer the 38th Illinois, some the 15th Michigan, and different ones of their army. Our men who had poor guns would take good ones from the wounded and dead Yankees, and throw their own away.

We ran them a long distance, killing and wounding many, and would have taken a [artillery] battery in our front, but General Wood halted us, thinking we were too much crowded together. We then went back to the ordinance trains to get some more ammunition, as we had exhausted all we had.

Seeking a phone friend mostly 33 Knoxville Tennessee 33

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33rd Alabama Infantry Regiment