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The panel drug test detects traces of ten different types of substances that are often associated with drug abuse. The test is normally conducted with a urine sample and may involve secondary testing to confirm any positive. Testing may be performed as a condition of employment or when a person is suspected of abusing prescription or illegal drugs.
The panel drug test can detect recent use of ten common drugs of abuse. The most common use is for workplace drug testing. A panel screen may also be used for:.
Because the panel drug test looks for more substances than many other drug tests, it is most frequently used by employers who want to screen employees for a wide range of substances. The panel drug test first analyzes the test sample, usually urine, for residue of the following 10 substances:. If traces of these drugs are present in the initial screen, a second round of more precise testing is done to confirm the positive result. In a urine drug test, additional analyses may be added to the tests for these 10 substances. For example, the lab may check the pH and other characteristics that help show that the urine sample was not adulterated, diluted, or substituted.
Workplace drug testing is typically ordered by an employer. The test is often conducted at the workplace, at a medical office, or at a laboratory. If required by an employer, specific testing instructions should be provided. Home test kits are available that conduct the initial screen for drug residue in urine and may provide within minutes.
These tests are commercially available and do not require a prescription. Commercial at-home tests are not used for workplace testing because they do not involve the same strict procedures for obtaining and preserving a urine sample that are required with employer-based testing. Home test kits only perform the initial drug screen.
They do not perform the second step of confirmatory testing that is conducted by certified laboratories. Although it's not possible to confirm a positive test result at home, some at-home test kits offer instructions for sending the sample to a laboratory for additional analysis after a positive result. The panel drug test is most often performed on a urine sample. Drug screening tests can also be done on hair, saliva, blood, and sweat. Before the test, you should inform your employer or the lab taking your urine sample of any over-the-counter or prescription drugs that you have recently taken because these can in some cases affect your test.
For a urine test, you should avoid drinking too much water beforehand. Follow any specific instructions from your employer for how to prepare and what to bring when you take the test. Test kits typically include instructions, a collection cup, and the test itself which may be test strips, a test card, or a test cassette. For a urine test at a clinic, you should receive a plastic container that is sealed in tamper-proof packaging. You will normally be directed to a private bathroom where you fill this container with urine up to a specifically marked level.
When you go into the bathroom, the water supply may be turned off, and there may be blue dye in the toilet bowl. These are measures intended to prevent tampering with the urine sample. After you have provided a urine sample, staff typically record the temperature of the sample and secure the container in tamper-proof packaging so that it can be sent for analysis.
The process lasts less than a few minutes. At-home testing involves collecting and testing urine according to instructions provided with the test kit. A urine test does not have any side effects and does not involve any post-test restrictions on your activity. The second, more specific laboratory test is important because some foods, supplements, and medicines can affect the of at-home testing.
Laboratory test normally come back within several business days after you have provided a urine sample. Some labs may have on-site testing with more immediate test. are made available to you by your employer or by the school that ordered the test. At-home testing typically require the to be visually read within a certain of minutes after starting the test.
Test from a panel drug test are usually reported as positive, negative, or inconclusive:. In many workplace testing programs, employees have the ability to request that their sample be analyzed by a second certified lab in order to confirm the. At-home testing offers only a preliminary result for the presence of specific drugs. Only a certified laboratory certified can confirm the preliminary test and offer a final result. Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association. Workplace drug testing. Date unknown.
Accessed March 24, National Institute on Drug Abuse. Benzodiazepines and opioids. Updated February 3, Accessed March 25, National Library of Medicine. Updated February 15, Hoffman, RJ. Testing for Level 10 drug screen of abuse DOA. In: Traub S ed. Updated January 15, MedlinePlus: National Library of Medicine. Drug testing. Updated July Level 10 drug screen, Frequently asked questions about drug testing in schools. Updated May 26, Updated April 3, Urine specimen collection handbook for federal agency workplace drug testing programs.
Updated October 1, Food and Drug Administration.
Drugs of abuse home use test. Updated September 27, This form enables patients to ask specific questions about lab tests. Your questions will be answered by a laboratory scientist as part of a voluntary service provided by one of our partners, American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.
Please allow business days for an response from one of the volunteers on the Consumer Information Response Team. Send Us Your Feedback. Also Known As. This article was last reviewed on April 21, This article was last modified on April 21, Test Quick Guide. See Less. About the Test. Purpose of the test The panel drug test can detect recent use of ten common drugs of abuse.
Reasonable suspicion: Employers may conduct testing when drug use is suspected based on observable s and symptoms in the workplace. Post-accident: Drug testing may be performed after a workplace accident to determine if drug use may have been a contributing cause.
Although drug testing can test for recent drug use, a positive test alone cannot prove that drug use caused a specific accident. Random: Random drug testing is typically conducted without prior Level 10 drug screen to act as a deterrent for employee drug use. Periodic: Employers may elect to perform drug testing on a set schedule. Periodic testing may be administered as part of an annual physical exam. Return-to-duty: Return-to-duty testing is performed when an employee is ready to return to the workplace after an extended absence. For example, it may be used after an employee has completed the required treatment for substance use following a positive result on a drug test.
What does the test measure? The panel drug test first analyzes the test sample, usually urine, for residue of the following 10 substances: Drug Screened Examples of Specific Drugs and Common Names Amphetamines Methamphetamines, meth, speed, ecstasy THC Cannabinoids, marijuana, hash Cocaine Coke, crack Opiates Heroine, opium, codeine, morphine Phencyclidine PCP, angel dust Barbiturates Phenobarbital, butalbital, secobarbital Benzodiazepines Diazepam, alprazolam, clonazepam Methaqualone Quaaludes Methadone Opiate analgesic Propoxyphene Darvocet If traces of these drugs are present in the initial screen, a second round of more precise testing is done to confirm the positive result.
Finding a Panel Drug Test. How to get tested Workplace drug testing is typically ordered by an employer. Can I take the test at home? How much does the test cost? The costs of workplace drug testing are typically covered by the employer. Taking the Panel Drug Test. Before the test Before the test, you should inform your employer or the lab taking your urine sample of any over-the-counter or prescription drugs that you have recently taken because these can in some cases affect your test.
During the test For a urine test at a clinic, you should receive a plastic container that is sealed in tamper-proof packaging. After the Test A urine test does not have any side effects and does not involve any post-test restrictions on your activity.Level 10 drug screen
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What are the different drug panels?