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- UK help and services in Russia
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UK nationals should leave Russia while they can, Foreign Office says
Website update advises Britons to ‘consider leaving by remaining commercial routes’
- Russia-Ukraine war: live updates
The UK government has urged British nationals in Russia whose presence is “not essential” to consider leaving the country amid the mounting crisis in Ukraine .
The Foreign Office said it had updated its travel advice to say that Britons who can should use the remaining commercial routes to leave Russia .
“The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) advises against all travel to the whole of Russia due to the lack of available flight options to return to the UK, and the increased volatility in the Russian economy,” it said on its website on Saturday.
“If your presence in Russia is not essential, we strongly advise that you consider leaving by remaining commercial routes.”
The government said it may not be possible to fly directly to the UK or via EU countries, but that it may be possible to travel via the Middle East and Turkey.
Before the latest update, the advice had been that people outside Russia should not travel to the country.
Coming on the 10th day of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the advice was the latest sign of increasing tensions between the UK and Russia and comes amid international condemnation of Moscow and a deepening humanitarian crisis in Ukraine, with more than 1.2 million people already having fled the country.
The UK government said on Friday it was planning new emergency powers to immediately sanction people who have already been sanctioned by the US or EU, after criticism that it had been too slow to target Russian oligarchs.
Since the start of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February, a wave of financial sanctions have been implemented by the EU and the US. But on Friday, the UK had imposed sanctions on just 15 individuals and 205 companies.
The government also backed down on plans to allow Russian oligarchs a “grace period” to register ownership of luxury properties in the UK by cutting it from 18 months to six months.
Meanwhile, media outlets from around the world, including the BBC, said they were temporarily suspending reporting in Russia to protect journalists in response to a new law cracking down on foreign news outlets that threatens jail terms of up to 15 years for spreading “fake news”.
Russia’s flagship carrier, Aeroflot, reportedly said on Saturday it would stop all flights abroad except for those to Belarus. It follows a recommendation by the Russian state aviation authority to suspend flights of foreign-leased aircraft from and to Russia.
- Foreign policy
UK citizens are advised not to travel to Russia
- Published 28 February 2022
- Russia-Ukraine war
UK citizens have been advised against travelling to Russia due to a lack of flights available and economic problems in the country.
The Foreign Office warned Britons in Russia might not be able to fly directly to the UK or via EU countries.
It said the value of the rouble had fallen and there were reports of lots of people "attempting to withdraw their savings from Russian banks".
The advice comes after Russia banned airlines from 36 countries.
In a tit-for-tat retaliation to sanctions, the country said it would stop flights from nations including Germany, Spain, Italy and Canada from using its airspace.
On its website , the Foreign Office urged people in Russia to "amend any travel plans accordingly".
It means UK or EU citizens wanting to leave Russia by air would have to travel to a country which has not issued any flight or travel sanctions to Russia to then get a flight directly home.
Russia had already barred UK airlines from flying to and across the region after Britain banned Russian airlines, including national airline Aeroflot and private jets, from landing in the UK.
The Foreign Office also warned the sharp fall in the Rouble's value meant any Russian currency people held "may reduce in value over the coming days" and that foreign nationals in Russia were reported to be having difficulty using ATM and banking services.
It also said since Putin's invasion there had been several reports of anti-war protests with a "heavy police presence".
"There are reports of increased police presence and ID checks. You should keep your passport with you at all times," the Foreign Office said.
Europe shuts skies
On Sunday, Europe shut its skies to Russian owned or controlled planes in one of a number of sanctions imposed by Western nations on Russia following its invasion of Ukraine.
The announcement means all planes, including the private jets of oligarchs, will now be unable to land in, take off from or fly over any EU nation.
Transport Secretary Grant Shapps also announced he had told all UK ports to not let any Russian "flagged, registered, owned, controlled, chartered or operated vessels" to have access.
"I've made clear these vessels are not welcome here," he said.
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The UK Chamber of Shipping said the banning of ships with Russian interests from UK ports would "put further pressure on the Russian President's military objectives", but added it would be "complex" and would "require new legislation".
On Monday, the Russian aviation regulator, Rosaviatsia, said: "A restriction has been imposed on flights for airlines of 36 countries in accordance with international law as a retaliatory measure for the ban imposed by the European states on the flights of commercial airliners operated by Russian airlines and/or registered in Russia."
The measures mean airlines will have to make long detours on some routes, potentially raising the cost of fuel and tickets.
The countries banned from Russia's airspace are: Albania, Anguilla, Austria, Belgium, British Virgin Islands, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark (including Greenland, the Faroe Islands), Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.
Swiss International Airlines, which is owned by Germany's Lufthansa, said that it had cancelled flights from Zurich to Moscow despite Switzerland not appearing on Russia's list of banned countries.
A spokesperson for the Swiss airline also said it was not flying through Russian airspace.
It said: "We continue to closely monitor the development of the situation and are in close exchange with the Swiss and international authorities as well as with the Lufthansa Group for our operational decisions."
Meanwhile, cruise firm Carnival, which owns P&O Cruises as well as Cunard, said it was changing journeys on Baltic cruises.
The company said it would advise guests of the changes "as soon as possible".
On Monday, Switzerland - traditionally a neutral country and whose banks are believed to hold billions of dollars in Russian funds- said that it would adopt EU financial sanctions against Moscow.
The Swiss justice minister, Karin Keller-Sutter, also said it had banned five oligarchs with links to Russia's president Vladimir Putin from entering the country, though declined to name them.
The BBC's correspondent in Geneva, Imogen Foulkes, said: "Make no mistake, this is a huge step for Switzerland, which has often agonised over what being neutral actually means.
"Today, Swiss president Ignazio Cassis made it clear: the attack on Ukraine was an unacceptable attack on freedom and democracy," she said.
Rob Morris, head of consultancy at aviation data and analytics company Ascend by Cirium, said the restrictions would hinder the aviation industry's emerging recovery ahead of the critical summer booking period.
Mr Morris said the restrictions will hit long haul routes from Europe to Asia the most and cargo was likely to be affected more than passenger routes.
Are you a UK citizen trying to fly to the UK from Russia? You can get in touch by emailing [email protected] .
Please include a contact number if you are willing to speak to a BBC journalist. You can also get in touch in the following ways:
- WhatsApp: +44 7756 165803
- Tweet: @BBC_HaveYourSay
If you are reading this page and can't see the form you will need to visit the mobile version of the BBC website to submit your question or comment or you can email us at [email protected] . Please include your name, age and location with any submission.
- International sanctions
EU shuts its airspace to Russian planes
- Published 27 February 2022
How badly will Russia be hit by new sanctions?
Russia bans British airlines from its airspace
- Published 25 February 2022
Foreign Office updates advice to warn Brits against all travel to Russia
The Foreign Office has issued an update to Russia travel advice warning Brits against all travel to the country due to the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine
- 14:30, 1 Mar 2022
- Updated 14:34, 1 Mar 2022
The Foreign Office has updated its Russia travel advice and is now warning Brits against all travel to "the whole of Russia", following the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) changed its advice on February 28, explaining that the decision is "due to the lack of available flight options to return to the UK, and the increased volatility in the Russian economy".
The Russia-Ukraine war has already seen a number of airspace closures, including Ukraine airspace.
The UK also imposed sanctions on Russia which includes a ban on flights from the country's carrier Aeroflot. Russia retaliated with a ban on all UK flights in its airspace , with airlines such as British Airways subsequently suspending routes to Moscow.
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Transport Secretary Grant Shapps also tweeted: "I've signed restrictions prohibiting all scheduled #Russian airlines from entering UK airspace or touching down on British soil. Putin's heinous actions will not be ignored, and we will never tolerate those who put people’s lives in danger".
The EU has since announced that, because of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Russian aircraft is banned from operating or entering EU airspace.
The Foreign Office warns: "If you are in Russia, you should be aware that it may not be possible to fly directly to the UK, or via EU countries, and should amend any travel plans accordingly. Check the latest information with your airline or travel provider."
You can find out more in the FCDO's latest Russia travel advice .
In the majority of cases, flights are being rerouted rather than cancelled.
If you have a flight booked that goes via Ukraine or Russia airspace, then your flight may still go ahead but via a different route. Your best bet is to speak to your airline as they can advise you of any changes to journey time.
Ukraine was invaded by a second country today as Belarus joined the Russian onslaught . It came as Vladimir Putin has suffered heavy losses as the invasion entered its sixth day.
Earlier today Foreign Minister Liz Truss said that Russia is becoming a "global pariah", and urged nations to isolate it further , saying that the Kremlin was responsible for scores of civilian casualties and over 500,000 people fleeing Ukraine.
She told the U.N. Human Rights Council: “We are working to squeeze the Putin regime harder and harder by steadily tightening the vice. I urge nations to condemn Russia's appalling actions and isolate it on the international stage."
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Coronavirus (COVID19) travel Information
- #Travel tips
When planning your trip, it is essential to inform the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) situation. Below is the latest information regarding the current situation.
- Border closing
Russia closed its borders for foreign visitors from 18.03.2020 till further notice. Here are the few exceptions: foreigners studying in Russia; diplomatic workers and members of their families; relatives of a deceased person, provided that they have documents confirming their relations; transit passengers; foreigners seeking medical treatment; international ship, cargo, train, sea crew members performing their work duties; specialists who carry out adjustment and maintenance of imported equipment; holders of special visas, issued to visit the funeral of a person, permanently residing in Russia; Russian citizens and permanent residents.
- Border opening
Russia's borders are open for the citizens of certain countries with which Russia has resumed regular air travel.
The international flight connection reopened between Russia and several counties from the particular list approved by the government. Today the list of such countries includes 50 countries:
- South Korea
- Tanzania (temporarily no air connection)
- Saudi Arabia
- North Macedonia
Citizens of the foreign states, according to the list, can visit Russia if they enter the Russian Federation from the country of their citizenship through air checkpoints across the state border of the Russian Federation.
- Special requirements
On the departure to Russia, travelers must show a negative result for a COVID test conducted within 72 hours before arrival English or Russian). Russian citizens arriving without a test result must submit to this test within 72 hours of arrival. Foreign citizens will not be accepted onboard without this test.
There is no quarantine upon arrival.
- Boutique Hotels in St. Petersburg read
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News | World
Britons warned against travel to whole of Russia
Britons were warned on Monday not to travel to Russia as the Ukraine conflict escalated .
In a statement, the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office said it now advises against all travel to the whole of Russia due to the lack of available flight options to return to the UK and the increased volatility in the Russian economy.
The warning came after America starting a voluntary departure of some staff from its embassy in Moscow.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken tweeted on Monday: “We have suspended operations at our Embassy in Minsk and authorized the voluntary departure of non-emergency employees and family members at our Embassy in Moscow.
“We have no higher priority than the safety and security of US citizens.”
America has already advised US citizens in Russia to consider leaving as airlines cancel commercial flights and tensions increase over the invasion of Ukraine.
The Foreign Office travel advice added: “If you are in Russia, you should be aware that it may not be possible to fly directly to the UK, or via EU countries, and should amend any travel plans accordingly.”
It also stressed: “The value of the Ruble has fallen considerably in recent days, and there are reports of large numbers of people attempting to withdraw their savings from Russian banks.
“You should be aware that any amounts of Russian currency you hold may reduce in value over the coming days.
“There are also reports that foreign nationals in Russia are having difficulty using ATM and banking services. You should be aware that it may not be possible for you to access your funds through Russian banks.”
It comes as Russia banned UK flights amid the fallout of the war .
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We continue to advise:
- Do not travel to Russia due to the security environment and the impacts of the military conflict with Ukraine.
Russia (PDF 2.04 MB)
Europe (PDF 2.62 MB)
Local emergency contacts
All emergency services, fire and rescue services, medical emergencies, advice levels.
Do not travel to Russia.
Do not travel to Russia due to the security environment and the impacts of the military conflict with Ukraine.
Do not travel to North Caucasus.
Do not travel to North Caucasus due to the high threat of terrorism and political unrest.
See Safety .
- Due to recent military tensions additional security restrictions, including some limitations on movement, may remain in place in some regions. Further measures may be implemented at short notice. If you're in an affected area, follow the advice of local authorities.
- The security situation could deteriorate further with little warning. If you're in Russia, leave immediately using the limited commercial options available or private means if it's safe to do so. Departure routes from Russia may become disrupted at short notice.
- Check the entry requirements of the destination you're entering. If you decide to stay in Russia, review your personal security plans. You're responsible for your own safety and that of your family. You shouldn't depend on the Australian Government to help you leave the country.
- Terrorists are very likely to try to carry out attacks in Russia. Terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda and Daesh-aligned groups, continue to call for attacks in Russia. Attacks can be indiscriminate and may occur on or around seasonal, festive, or religious events in public places and could include popular tourist sites. Russia has seen several terrorist attacks, with many casualties, including in Moscow and St Petersburg. Russia's aviation has also been targeted. Attacks are likely in the North Caucasus region and the Georgia-Russia border area. Targets may include tourist spots and transport. Attacks may occur with little or no warning. Always be alert to possible threats and have a clear exit plan.
- There are limited transportation options, restrictions on financial transactions and possible shortages of essential products and services.
- The security situation, including at the border with Ukraine, could deteriorate further with little warning. Military action is ongoing in Ukraine. Security incidents often occur in Belgorod, Bryansk, Kursk and other regions of Russia bordering Ukraine, including explosions and large fires. You shouldn't attempt to travel to the Russia-Ukraine border or cross into Ukraine from Russia.
- The Russian Government has introduced a 'medium response level' in several regions of Russia, including Krasnodar, Belgorod, Bryansk, Voronezh, Kursk, and Rostov and a 'heightened preparedness level' in the remainder of the Central and Southern Federal districts. A basic readiness level has been introduced in the rest of Russia. There may be an increase in security personnel and installations. Security measures or restrictions may be introduced with little to no notice. Monitor the media for developments.
- Russian authorities may adopt a more negative attitude towards foreigners in Russia in reaction to perceived support for Ukraine and sanctions on Russia. Non-participating bystanders can draw scrutiny from security forces and have been detained. Remain vigilant, avoid protests or demonstrations and avoid commenting publicly on political developments.
- Continue to follow the advice on Smartraveller. If you have significant concerns for your welfare or that of another Australian, contact the Consular Emergency Centre on 1300 555 135 in Australia or +61 2 6261 3305 outside Australia.
Full travel advice: Safety
- Laws about the import and use of medicines are strict. You need a doctor's letter and a notarised translation confirming your need for each medication that contains restricted substances. Contact the Embassy of Russia for details.
- Rabies and tick-borne encephalitis are on the rise. Ticks are common from April to October. Take care when travelling through forests.
- Infectious diseases such as typhoid, hepatitis, diphtheria, measles and tuberculosis are a risk. Boil drinking water or drink bottled water.
- Public medical facilities in Russian cities are below Australian standards and basic in rural areas.
Full travel advice: Health
- In November 2022, Russia announced that the partial mobilisation of military reservists for the conflict in Ukraine was complete. However, a decree formalising the completion has not been issued. Russia may subject males it regards as Russian to mobilisation, regardless of any other citizenship held. Laws introducing heavy penalties for 'crimes against military service' have been passed. The Australian Government won't be able to intervene if you're subjected to mobilisation.
- Conscription occurs regularly in Russia. The Government may subject males it regards as Russian to mandatory conscription, regardless of any other citizenship held. Conscription in Russia occurs semi-annually, and conscripts typically serve one year.
- Russia has passed laws that severely inhibit free speech related to the current situation, imposing severe restrictions on the publishing and distribution of information related to the Russian armed forces and any military operations. Foreign journalists and other media workers in Russia may face considerable risks, including arrest and imprisonment. Don't share or publish information related to the current events in Ukraine and Russia.
- Russian authorities may enforce local laws in an arbitrary manner. You may be interrogated without cause by Russian officials and may become a victim of harassment, mistreatment, and extortion.
- Russia has imposed restrictions on real estate and foreign currency transactions for foreign residents. These restrictions can be revised at short notice.
- Don't use or carry any illegal drugs. Penalties are severe. Carry your passport, visa and migration card at all times. Authorities won't accept copies.
- Don't take photos of military places or sensitive areas, such as passport control. It's also illegal to use commercial film, television, camera equipment or drones in public without permission. Hand-held video cameras are legal.
- Russia doesn't recognise dual nationals. We can only provide limited consular assistance to dual nationals that are arrested or detained. You'll need a valid Russian passport to leave.
- Same-sex relationships are legal but are not widely accepted. Violence against members of the LGBTI community occurs. In November 2022, Russia's parliament passed a law banning "LGBT propaganda", criminalising any act regarded as an attempt to promote what Russia calls "non-traditional sexual relations". Promotion of LGBTI issues may be considered illegal by local authorities and activists may face consequences under Russian law.
Full travel advice: Local laws
- If you're in Russia, leave immediately using the limited commercial options available or private means if it's safe to do so. The security situation could deteriorate further with little warning. If you decide to stay in Russia, review your personal security plans. You're responsible for your own safety and that of your family.
- Confirm with your transport operator that services are still operating if you plan to depart Russia. Commercial travel routes between Russia and Europe are disrupted. Flights between Russia and Europe have been affected by measures taken in response to military action in Ukraine. Several Russian airports are now closed to the public, disrupting internal flights to and from Moscow and other cities. The train service between St Petersburg and Helsinki is suspended. Bus services to Finland are operating.
- If you're travelling through an overland border crossing into Finland , Estonia or Latvia , confirm the entry requirements for your destination before arrival. Additional restrictions or entry requirements could be imposed or changed suddenly. Be aware that some borders may close without notice. Australia and other countries have placed sanctions on Russia. Russia's response to these sanctions may disrupt travel and affect travellers.
- Russian airlines and railways may be affected by shortages of parts and essential technical components for their fleets, affecting maintenance and safety standards. Research your railway and aviation provider before choosing their services. DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
- If, despite our advice, you decide to enter Russia, expect thorough security checks at the border, including questioning and inspections of electronic devices. You're no longer required to present a COVID-19 (PCR) testing certificate. Entry requirements can change at short notice. Contact your airline or the nearest embassy or consulate of Russia to confirm entry requirements.
- Russian authorities have imposed temporary restrictions on exporting certain categories of goods and foreign currency in cash out of Russia.
- Postal services between Russia and Australia are temporarily suspended. More information can be found on the Australia Post website
Full travel advice: Travel
- The Consular Services Charter details what we can and can't do to help you overseas.
- For consular help, contact the Australian Embassy in Moscow. Our ability to provide consular assistance in Russia is limited due to the evolving security situation. The Australian Government will not be able to evacuate you from Russia.
- The Australian Consulate in St Petersburg can provide limited help.
- If you have significant concerns for your welfare or that of another Australian, contact the Consular Emergency Centre on 1300 555 135 in Australia or +61 2 6261 3305 outside Australia.
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Due to recent military tensions additional security restrictions, including some limitations on movement, may remain in place in some regions. Further measures may be implemented at short notice. If you're in an affected area, follow the advice of local authorities.
The security situation could deteriorate further with little warning. If you're in Russia, leave immediately using the limited commercial options available or private means if it's safe to do so. Departure routes from Russia may become disrupted at short notice. If you decide to stay in Russia, review your personal security plans. You're responsible for your own safety and that of your family.
The Russian Government has introduced a 'medium response level' in several regions of Russia, including Krasnodar, Belgorod, Bryansk, Voronezh, Kursk, and Rostov and a 'heightened preparedness level' in the remainder of the Central and Southern Federal districts. A basic readiness level has been introduced in the rest of Russia. There may be an increase in security personnel and installations. Security measures or restrictions may be introduced with little to no notice. Monitor the media for developments.
Ukraine border areas and Crimea
The Russia-Ukraine border is volatile due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Security incidents regularly occur in Belgorod, Bryansk, Kursk and other regions of Russia bordering Ukraine, including explosions and large fires. The security situation in the region could deteriorate at short notice. You shouldn't travel to the Russia-Ukraine border or cross into Ukraine from Russia.
We currently advise you do not travel to Ukraine due to the volatile security environment and military conflict. Read the Ukraine travel advice for more information.
The Australian Government doesn't recognise Russia's claimed annexation of the Ukrainian region of Crimea.
Where it's safe to do so, you should leave Russia. Use your judgement to decide the best time and safest means of exit.
Transport routes may be disrupted. Plan for delays at land border crossings. Expect disruption to travel and changes at short notice. Make sure you have an adequate supply of food, water, medication and fuel. Make sure you have payment options that will work during your journey and at your destination.
Continue to read your destination's travel advice to ensure you meet the entry requirements. These may differ when entering by road, rail or air. Be aware that some borders may close without notice. Commercial travel routes between Russia and Europe have been impacted by measures taken in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Check with your airline or travel agent for current flight availability. Any travel options you pursue are at your own risk. See ' Travel '
For more information on entry requirements for countries bordering Russia, read the travel advice:
The European Union also has a website with information on travel restrictions for people seeking to enter member states .
If you decide to stay in Russia:
- follow the instructions of authorities
- ensure your travel documents are up-to-date, and keep your passport and other travel documentation safe
- contact your family and friends in Australia so they're aware of your location and situation
- keep up to date with developments on the security situation and monitor reputable media and regularly check our travel advice and social media
- review your personal security plans and make contingency plans to leave as soon as you judge it safe to do so
- always be alert and aware of your surroundings
- avoid large gatherings and areas with groups of fighters and military equipment.
Civil unrest and political tension
Russia's parliament has passed laws that severely restrict free speech related to the current situation. Foreign journalists and other media workers in Russia may face considerable risks, including arrest and imprisonment.
While the effects of this law are still unclear, you may be detained or fined for:
- sharing or publishing information that local authorities deem false
- sharing or publishing information that may be detrimental to the armed forces
- calling for, sharing or publishing speech in support of sanctions against Russia
You should not:
- share or publish information related to the current events in Ukraine and Russia
- participate in demonstrations and large gatherings
Russian authorities may adopt a more negative attitude towards foreigners in Russia due to perceived support for Ukraine and sanctions on Russia. Russian authorities may enforce local laws in an arbitrary manner. You may be interrogated without cause by Russian officials and may become a victim of harassment, mistreatment, and extortion.
Avoid commenting publicly on political developments.
Anti-war and anti-mobilisation protests have taken place in cities across Russia over the invasion of Ukraine. Many protesters have been arrested.
Unsanctioned protests are illegal, and you can be arrested if you participate. Remain vigilant and avoid rallies, protests, demonstrations and other large public gatherings, as they can turn violent, and you may be arrested.
- Demonstrations and civil unrest
Terrorists are very likely to try to carry out attacks in Russia. Terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda and Daesh-aligned groups, continue to call for attacks in Russia. Attacks can be indiscriminate and may occur on or around seasonal, festive, or religious events in public places and could include popular tourist sites. Russia has seen a number of terrorist attacks which have caused large casualty numbers, including in Moscow and St Petersburg, and Russia's aviation has also been targeted. Attacks may occur with little or no warning.
Russian authorities continue to announce arrests and the disruption of planned attacks.
Terrorists have attacked other European cities. Targets have included:
- places of worship
- government buildings
- shopping areas
- tourist sites
- transportation hubs
- major events which attract large crowds
To protect yourself from terrorism:
- be alert to possible threats, especially in public places
- be extra cautious around possible terrorist targets
- always have a clear exit plan
- report anything suspicious to the police
- monitor the media for any new threats
- take official warnings seriously and follow the instructions of local authorities
If there's an attack, leave the area as soon as it's safe. Avoid the affected area in case of secondary attacks.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
There's a high threat of terrorism in parts of the North Caucasus, including:
- North Ossetia
- the south-eastern part of Stavropol bordering Chechnya
Terrorist attacks continue to occur in Chechnya. Several people have been killed and injured.
Our ability to provide consular assistance to Australians in those parts of the North Caucasus is limited.
If, despite our advice, you travel to these parts of the North Caucasus:
- monitor local conditions via media and travel operators
- arrange personal security measures
The Georgia-Russia border area is volatile because of tensions in Georgia.
If, despite our advice, you travel in the border region, read our Georgia travel advice .
Theft and assault
Petty crime, pickpocketing and mugging is common. Groups of children sometimes commit crimes too.
Hot spots for crime include:
- the Izmailovsky Market
- other tourist attractions
- the Moscow and St Petersburg metros
Thieves often steal passports. They target travellers in robberies and assaults , particularly in large cities.
To protect yourself from theft and assault:
- keep your personal belongings close, particularly in tourist areas
- be aware of your security in public places, particularly at night
- monitor local media on crime
Racially motivated assaults may occur throughout Russia.
Take extra care if you or your travel partner(s) are of Asian or African descent.
Criminals may drug and rob travellers at nightclubs and bars. Sometimes this happens after people accept offers of food, drink or transportation from strangers.
To protect yourself from spiking-related crime:
- never accept food or drinks from strangers
- don't leave drinks unattended
- leave your drink if you're not sure it's safe
- stick with people you trust in bars, nightclubs and taxis
- don't accept offers of transport from strangers
- Partying safely
People have reported extortion and robbery while taking unauthorised taxis.
To protect yourself from robbery while travelling in taxis:
- only use official taxi companies
- always book your taxi in advance
- don't flag down taxis on the street
- don't share taxis with strangers
- always negotiate and confirm the fare before you get in a taxi
Credit card and ATM fraud
Credit card and ATM fraud is common.
To protect yourself from fraud:
- only exchange currency at banks
- keep your credit card in sight during transactions
- only use ATMs inside banks and during business hours
- always hide your PIN
Criminals may try to cheat you by changing money in the street or a bank queue.
Some Australians have been victims of fraud by bogus internet friendship, dating and marriage schemes operating from Russia.
These are large-scale, well-organised scams .
Criminals arrange to meet people through internet dating schemes or chat rooms. After getting to know each other, the criminal asks the Australian to send money so they can travel to Australia. However, the relationship ends after the money has been received, and the funds can't be recovered.
Be wary of people you meet through internet dating schemes or chat rooms.
People have also reported harassment, mistreatment and extortion by police and other local officials.
If you suspect you're being extorted by a police officer or other local official, offer to walk with them to the nearest police station. Once there, you can check their identity and their demands.
You may be at risk of cyber-based threats during overseas travel to any country. Digital identity theft is a growing concern. Your devices and personal data can be compromised, especially if you're connecting to Wi-Fi, using or connecting to shared or public computers, or to Bluetooth.
Social media can also be risky in destinations where there are social or political tensions or laws that may seem unreasonable by Australian standards. Travellers have been arrested for things they have said on social media. Don't comment on local or political events on your social media.
- Cyber security when travelling overseas
Kidnapping is common in parts of the Northern Caucasus.
It can be for:
- political purposes
Foreigners have been targeted in the past.
If, despite the risks, you travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping:
- get professional security advice
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it doesn't make payments or concessions to kidnappers.
Climate and natural disasters
Severe weather during winter can disrupt travel in Russia.
To protect yourself from accidents caused by severe weather:
- take care when walking in snowy, icy or windy conditions
- take care when driving
- use appropriate driving equipment, such as winter tyres or chains
- monitor the media and other sources for updates
If you're delayed, contact local authorities about a visa extension if required.
Snow and ice
People are injured or killed yearly in wind, snow and ice-related accidents. These include:
- traffic accidents
- collapsed roofs and snow falling from roofs
- falling debris
- prolonged exposure to extreme cold
Slipping on ice can result in serious injuries, such as broken bones, back injuries or paralysis.
During summer, forest and peat fires can occur in Russia, including in the Moscow region.
Earthquakes and tsunamis
The North Caucasus and the far eastern region of Russia can experience earthquakes .
Tsunamis are common in all oceanic regions of the world.
To protect yourself from natural disasters, take official warnings seriously.
If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.
- Get updates on major disasters from the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System .
Most Australian travel insurance policies won't cover you for travel to Russia. Do not travel to Russia. See ' Safety '
If you're not insured, you may have to pay thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.
Physical and mental health
Do not travel to Russia. If, despite our advice, you travel to Russia, consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
- have a basic health check-up
- ask if your travel plans may affect your health
- plan any vaccinations you need
Do this at least eight weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
- General health advice (World Health Organization)
- Healthy holiday tips (Healthdirect Australia)
- COVID-19 (Department of Health and Aged Care)
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
Russia has imposed temporary restrictions on exporting certain categories of goods, including foreign-made medical products.
- Russian Government website
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Russia. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Russia has strict laws about the import and use of medications. This includes medications that are available over the counter in Australia, such as cold and flu tablets.
When you arrive in Russia, you must present a doctor's letter to authorities confirming your need for each medication. This is the case if your medications contain the following:
- anabolic steroids
- androgens and other sex hormones
- analgesic, such as tramadol
- other restricted substances
The letter must:
- contain a description of the medication, including the chemical composition
- describe the required dosage
- explain the underlying medical condition
- confirm the medicine is for personal use only
- be signed by your treating doctor
You must also have a notarised translation of the letter into Russian.
Before you leave Australia, contact the Embassy of Russia for the latest rules for bringing medicines into Russia.
Tick-borne encephalitis (World Health Organization) and other tick-borne diseases are a risk, especially if you travel through forested areas.
Ticks are common in rural areas from spring to autumn, April to October.
People have reported increased incidents of tick-borne encephalitis.
Measles cases can routinely occur in Russia, with the country currently experiencing increased measles activity. Make sure your vaccinations are up-to-date before you travel.
- Measles immunisation service (Department of Health and Aged Care)
Bird flu (avian influenza)
Avian influenza is a risk in Russia.
HIV/AIDS is a risk.
Take steps to reduce your risk of exposure to the virus.
There has been a reported increase in rabies across Russia.
Rabies is deadly. Humans can get rabies from mammals, such as:
- other animals
If you're bitten or scratched by a dog, monkey or other animal, get treatment as soon as possible.
Other health risks
Waterborne, foodborne, parasitic and other infectious diseases are common, including these listed by the World Health Organization:
Serious outbreaks sometimes occur.
To protect yourself from illness:
- drink boiled water or bottled water with sealed lids
- avoid ice cubes
- avoid uncooked and undercooked food, such as salads
- avoid unpasteurised dairy products
Get urgent medical attention if you have a fever or diarrhoea or suspect food poisoning.
Public medical facilities in Russian cities are below Australian standards.
Standards are extremely basic in rural areas.
There are a few international-standard private facilities in major cities.
Before you're treated, private facilities need either:
- up-front payment
- evidence of adequate insurance
- a written guarantee of payment
If you become seriously ill or injured, you'll need to be evacuated to get proper care. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter . But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
In November 2022, Russia's parliament passed a law banning "LGBT propaganda", criminalising any act regarded as an attempt to promote what Russia calls "non-traditional sexual relations". Sharing information or public display of any material promoting "non-traditional relationships" is now a serious criminal offence.
In November 2022, Russia announced that the partial mobilisation of military reservists for the conflict in Ukraine was complete. However, a decree formalising the completion has not been issued. The Russian Government may subject males it regards as Russian to mobilisation, regardless of any other citizenship held. Laws introducing heavy penalties for 'crimes against military service' have been passed. The Australian Government will not be able to intervene if you are subjected to mobilisation.
The US Government issued travel advice in March, 2022 advising that Russian security services have arrested US citizens on spurious charges, singled out US citizens in Russia for detention and/or harassment, denied them fair and transparent treatment, and have convicted them in secret trials and/or without presenting credible evidence. The US Government warns that Russian officials may unreasonably delay consular assistance to detained US citizens.
Russian authorities have introduced criminal liability for publishing and distributing 'deliberately misleading' information about the Russian armed forces and any military operations.
Russian authorities imposed restrictions on real estate and foreign currency transactions for foreign residents. These restrictions can be revised at short notice. Seek advice from local authorities.
Possessing, selling, consuming, or carrying any illegal drugs is illegal.
Penalties are severe and include long prison terms.
Russia has strict rules around medication carried into the country for personal use, including some medications that you can get over the counter in Australia.
If you don't declare restricted medications, authorities could detain you. See Health
- Carrying or using drugs
Routine police checks are common in public places.
Carry your passport, visa and migration card with you at all times. Authorities won't accept copies.
If you can't provide travel documentation on request, authorities can detain and fine you.
In Russia, it's illegal to:
- take photos of military places, strategic sites and other sensitive areas, such as passport control and guarded railway sites
- use commercial film, television or camera equipment in public areas without permission, but hand-held home video cameras are allowed
- use drones without permission from the Russian aviation authority.
Penalties for breaching the law include fines, jail and deportation.
Russia regulates religious activity. Authorities restrict activities such as preaching and distributing religious materials.
If you plan to engage in religious activity, ensure you're not breaking local laws.
Contact the Embassy or Consulate of Russia for more information.
Russia has blocked or restricted some social media platforms and websites, including Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn and Twitter.
- Cyber security when travelling overseas
- Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor)
Some Australian documents, such as birth or marriage certificates, need to be legalised before Russian authorities will accept them.
If you have an Australian document that you need to use while in Russia, contact the Embassy or Consulate of Russia for information.
Apostilles and some legal certificates can be issued by:
- DFAT in Australia
- Australian embassies and high commissions overseas
Russia has laws governing child surrogacy and has passed legislation banning surrogacy for all foreigners except those married to Russian citizens. All children born through surrogacy in Russia are granted Russian citizenship, regardless of their parent's citizenship.
There have been reports of foreign couples experiencing difficulties with hybrid surrogacy arrangements organised in Georgia and Russia.
Get independent legal advice before making surrogacy arrangements in Russia or with residents of Russia.
- Going overseas for international surrogacy
- Going overseas to adopt a child
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
- Staying within the law and respecting customs
Russia doesn't recognise dual nationality.
In November 2022, Russia announced that the partial mobilisation of military reservists for the conflict in Ukraine was complete. However, a decree formalising the completion hasn't been issued. Russia may subject males it regards as Russian to mobilisation, regardless of any other citizenship held. Laws introducing heavy penalties for 'crimes against military service' have been passed. The Australian Government won't be able to intervene if you are subjected to mobilisation.
Conscription occurs regularly, and Russia may subject males it regards as Russian to mandatory conscription, regardless of any other citizenship held. Conscription in Russia occurs semi-annually, and conscripts typically serve one year.
Russian authorities won't recognise your Australian nationality if you're a dual national. They will treat you like any other national of Russia.
If you're a dual national:
- you must enter and leave Russia on a Russian passport
- you can enter Russia using a repatriation certificate (svidetelstvo na vozvrashcheniye) if you don't have a Russian passport
- you must declare any other nationalities or foreign residency permits to the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs
- you could be conscripted into the Russian military if you're a male between the ages of 18 and 27
If you're a dual national, this limits the consular services we can give if you're arrested or detained.
Contact the Embassy or Consulate of Russia well before any planned travel to Russia.
Dual nationals can't leave Russia without a valid Russian passport.
You'll need to get a new Russian passport before you leave if:
- your Russian passport expires while you're in Russia
- you enter Russia using a repatriation certificate
Getting a new Russian passport for non-residents is complex and can take several months.
Children born outside Russia and added to their parents' Russian passports need their own passport to leave Russia.
If you're travelling alone with a child, Russian border authorities may require the following:
- documentary evidence of your relationship to the child
- written permission for the child to travel from the non-travelling parent
- Dual nationals
Same-sex relationships are legal in Russia but not widely accepted.
Intolerance towards the LGBTI community is common, particularly outside Moscow and St Petersburg.
People have reported violence against members of the LGBTI community, including by local security forces.
In April 2017, there were reports of arrests and violence against LGBTI people in Chechnya.
It's illegal to promote 'non-traditional sexual relationships' to minors. Any action or statement that appears to promote LGBTI issues could be illegal.
In November 2022, Russia passed a law banning "LGBT propaganda", criminalising any act regarded as an attempt to promote what Russia calls "non-traditional sexual relations". Sharing or displaying material promoting "non-traditional relationships" is now a serious criminal offence. The bill broadens the existing law banning the promotion of 'non-traditional sexual relationships' to minors.
- Advice for LGBTI travellers
Visas and border measures
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
Australia and other countries have placed sanctions on Russia. Russia's response to these sanctions may disrupt travel and affect travellers.
You need a visa to enter Russia unless you're travelling on certain commercial cruise ships.
You can't get a visa on arrival.
If you arrive in Russia without a valid visa, authorities will fine, detain and deport you at your own expense. They may bar you from re-entering.
Make sure you apply for the correct visa type, such as 'tourist' and 'visitor' visas.
If your visa type doesn't match the purpose of your visit, authorities may:
- not let you enter
You may need to provide biometric fingerprints for the visa application process.
After you get your Russian visa, check your passport details are correct, including the following:
- passport number
- date of birth
- intention of stay
- validity dates
If there are errors, return your passport to the Russian Embassy or Consulate for correction.
It's impossible to amend visa details once you're in Russia.
Australians sanctioned by Russia
The Russian Foreign Ministry issued statements on its website advising that, in response to Australian sanctions, the Russian Government had added several Australians to a 'stop list', denying them entry into Russia on an indefinite basis.
These statements can be viewed here (copy and paste the URL into a new browser if you can't open the link):
- 23 June 2023 statement - https://mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/1890258/
- 16 September 2022 statement - https://mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/1830085/ (in Russian)
- 21 July 2022 statement - https://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/1823204/
- 16 June 2022 statement - https://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/1818118/
- 7 April 2022 statement - https://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/1808465/
DFAT can't provide advice on the implications of another country's sanctions. If you're listed, you should obtain legal advice if you have concerns about the potential impacts of the Russian sanctions. Do not travel to Russia if you're on Russia's 'stop list'.
Discuss your travel plans with your cruise operator before you travel to check if you need a visa.
Check transit visa requirements if you transit through Russia to a third country.
- Russian Embassy
- Going on a cruise
If, despite our advice, you decide to enter Russia, expect thorough security checks at the border, including questioning and inspections of electronic devices.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact the nearest embassy or consulate for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
All foreign visitors receive a migration card on arrival in Russia.
If you receive a paper migration card, keep the stamped exit portion of the card with your passport.
The migration card covers both Russia and Belarus. You must show the stamped card to passport control when leaving either country.
If you lose your migration card:
- your departure could be delayed
- you could be stopped from staying at a hotel in Russia
You can get a replacement from the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, which is complex and could delay your departure.
Foreign citizens entering Russia for work or intending to stay over 90 calendar days may be subject to biometric fingerprinting and regular medical check-ups. The procedure of biometric fingerprinting will need to be done only once. Medical check-ups will need to be re-taken upon the certificate's expiry (valid for 1 year).
Travel with children
If you're travelling with a child , you may need to show evidence of parental, custodial or permission rights. This is particularly the case for dual nationals. See Local laws
- Advice for people travelling with children
The government strictly controls the import of electrical and some high-technology equipment.
The rules are complex.
You may import terminal global positioning systems (GPS) devices if you declare them on arrival. However, you'll need a special permit to import a GPS device connected to a computer or an antenna.
Authorities can detain you if you don't have a permit.
You must show proof of advanced approval to import a satellite phone. Request approval from the Federal Service for the Supervision of Communications .
Russian border officials can demand to inspect any electronic device, including installed software when you leave.
Travel between Russia and Belarus
Do not travel to Russia and Belarus due to the security environment and impacts of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. If you’re in Russia or Belarus, leave immediately using the limited commercial options available or private means if it's safe to do so.
If, despite our advice, you decide to enter Belarus from Russia, note that the government doesn't allow foreigners to cross the land border between Russia and Belarus.
If you travel between Russia and Belarus, it must be by air.
If you're travelling between Russia and Belarus, you must have visas for both countries.
Visa-free entry into Belarus doesn't apply to travellers arriving from or travelling to Russia.
Contact the Embassy of Russia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus for details.
Registering your stay in Russia
If you stay more than 7 working days, including your arrival and departure day, you must register with the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
You have to pay a registration fee.
Most hotels do this for their guests, but you're legally responsible. Confirm with check-in staff on arrival that they've registered you.
The registration process can be complex if you're not staying at a hotel.
Register at the nearest post office if you're travelling on a visitor visa.
Register through your employer if you're travelling on a visa that lets you work. Confirm with your employer that they've registered you.
If you don't register, authorities can fine you or delay your departure.
- The Russian Embassy
Make sure you leave Russia before your visa expires. Some visas, including tourist visas, can't be extended.
If you overstay your visa, you won't be allowed to leave Russia until the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs determines your legal status or deports you.
Authorities can detain you until they've processed your case.
Penalties for overstaying include fines and deportation.
You may be banned from re-entering.
Russia has imposed temporary restrictions on exporting certain categories of goods, including foreign-made medical products. Seek advice from local authorities.
Russia has strict regulations on the export of antiques, artworks and items of historical significance. This is for items purchased in Russia or imported to Russia from overseas. It includes modern art and posters if they are particularly rare or valuable.
Authorities may not allow the export of items more than 100 years old.
If you want to export any antiques, artworks or items of historical significance:
- keep receipts of your purchases
- obtain an export permit from the Ministry of Culture in advance of travel — export permits aren't issued at the airport
- declare each item to border authorities when you leave Russia
- be ready to show each item to border authorities
- be ready to show receipts for each item to border authorities
Don't try to export items requiring permits without the relevant paperwork. This is a serious offence.
Legislation about the export of artwork and antiques from Russia may change without warning.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for six months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than six months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport .
Lost or stolen passport
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
- In Australia, contact the Australian Passport Information Service .
- If you're overseas, contact the nearest Australian embassy or consulate .
If your passport is lost or stolen while ashore, you will need to obtain an emergency passport and an exit visa to leave Russia within the 72-hour visa-free period. If it’s not done within 72 hours, you will face a court hearing and possible fine, deportation and entry ban.
To arrange a new visa:
- obtain an official police report
- apply for a replacement passport through the Australian Embassy in Moscow
- apply to Russian authorities for an exit visa
- include the police report with your application
If you replace your passport while in Russia, make sure authorities transfer your visa to the new passport.
Passport with ‘X’ gender identifier
Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can’t guarantee that a passport showing 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.
The currency of Russia is the Rouble (RUB).
Russian authorities have imposed temporary restrictions on the export of foreign currency in cash out of Russia. Travellers exiting Russia can't take more than the equivalent of $US10,000 in cash.
Make sure a customs official stamps your declaration. Only stamped declarations are valid.
You must carry proof that your funds were imported and declared or legally obtained in Russia.
Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Mastercard, Visa, and American Express have suspended operations in Russia. Cards issued outside of Russia will not work at Russian merchants or ATMs. Cards issued inside Russia may continue to work, but they won't work outside Russia. It may not be possible for you to access your funds through Russian banks or to make payments to Russian businesses with non-Russian credit/debit cards. Be prepared with alternate means of payment should your cards be declined.
Traveller's cheques aren't widely accepted, even in Moscow and St Petersburg.
Postal services between Russia and Australia are temporarily suspended.
- Australia Post website
Confirm with your transport operator that services are still operating if you plan to depart Russia. Commercial travel routes between Russia and Europe are disrupted. Expect thorough security checks at the border, including questioning and inspections of electronic devices.
Flights between Russia and Europe have been affected by measures taken in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Several Russian airports are now closed to the public, disrupting internal flights to and from Moscow and other cities. The train service between St Petersburg and Helsinki is suspended. Bus services to Finland are operating.
Australia and other countries have placed sanctions on Russia. Russia's response to these sanctions may disrupt travel and affect travellers. Confirm entry requirements for your destination before arrival, as additional restrictions or entry requirements could be imposed or changed suddenly.
If, despite our advice, you decide to go to Chechnya or the North Caucasus, you must first get permission from the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Several other areas of Russia, especially in Siberia and the Russian Far East, are also 'closed' areas.
Foreigners need government permission to enter 'closed' areas.
If you need government permission or are unsure if you need it, contact the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
You should carry an International Driving Permit (IDP).
You may drive with an Australian driver's license if you carry it with a notarised Russian translation.
Driving in Russia can be hazardous due to:
- poor driving standards
- ice and snow in winter
- poor road conditions in rural areas
The blood alcohol limit for drivers is 0%.
- Driving or riding
- the Russian Embassy
Some taxis appear official but aren't licensed by local authorities.
People have reported extortion and robbery while taking unauthorised taxis. See Safety
Book an official taxi by phone, at major hotels and from inside airports.
Flights from Russia to other countries are limited. These may change or be suspended at short notice. You should contact airlines or travel agents directly for the most current information.
The EU announced that 21 Russian-owned airlines were banned from flying in EU airspace due to safety concerns.
Russian airlines and railways may be affected by shortages of parts and essential technical components for their fleets, affecting maintenance and safety standards. If you're flying domestically or internationally, research your aviation provider before choosing their services.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Russia's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network
Depending on what you need, contact your:
- family and friends
- travel agent
- insurance provider
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular help, contact the Australian Embassy in Moscow. Our ability to provide consular assistance in Russia is limited. The Australian Government will not be able to evacuate you from Russia.
Australian Embassy, Moscow
13 Kropotkinsky Pereulok Moscow 119034 Russia Phone: (+7 495) 956-6070 Fax: (+7 495) 956-6170 Website: russia.embassy.gov.au Twitter: @PosolAustralia
If you're in St Petersburg, you can also contact the Australian Consulate for limited consular help.
Australian Consulate, St Petersburg
Moika 11 St Petersburg 191186 Russia Tel: (+7 964) 333 7572 (NOT for visas) Email: [email protected] (NOT for visas)
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
24-hour Consular Emergency Centre
Australians in need of consular assistance should contact the Australian Government 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre:
- +61 2 6261 3305 from overseas
- 1300 555 135 in Australia
Travelling to Russia?
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- Our Ministers
If you’re travelling to the Russian Federation, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information.
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
Safety and Security
Local laws and customs, additional information, embassy contact.
Do Not Travel
Latest Travel Alert
The Department of Foreign Affairs strongly advises against all travel to the Russian Federation until further notice.
Irish citizens who are in Russia are advised to carefully consider the necessity of their continued stay in Russia. The Embassy of Ireland in Moscow strongly recommends all Irish citizens to have plans in place to leave Russia, should their own circumstances deteriorate. Due to staff reductions following Diplomatic Expulsions ordered by the Russian Government, the Embassy has significantly fewer resources to assist in a crisis. Irish citizens should not rely on the possibility of an organised evacuation occurring in the event of a crisis, and should instead have their own plans for departure in place.
Dual Irish-Russian citizens should be aware of the fact that the Russian Government will only recognise Russian citizenship for the purposes of local law enforcement and administration, including in areas of compulsory military service.
Information on current departure options from Russia is below. The Embassy strongly recommends Irish Citizens research their options for departure both via an air route from Russia, and a land crossing into EU neighbouring states. The Embassy notes that as the situation in Russia becomes more volatile, air routes can very quickly be booked out or become unavailable.
Irish citizens resident in Russia who have not already done so are strongly recommended to register with the Embassy using the Department’s Citizens' Registration Facility . This is the way that the Embassy communicates with the Irish community to share information and updates.
While normal operating hours continue in both the Visa office and Embassy, citizens should be aware of significant delays in processing documentation, including passports. This is due both to reduced staffing in the Embassy and ongoing difficulties in international post and shipping.
Citizens should also be mindful of the reduced ability of the Embassy to provide support in crisis scenarios, particularly for citizens situated far from Moscow.
If you have a query or need to make an appointment, please contact the Embassy .
If you have a query regarding Irish visas, please contact the Visa Office .
EU Sanctions and Effects on Business
Since the invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the EU has introduced the most extensive restrictive measures (sanctions) in its history. These sanctions include measures targeting specific sectors, including the financial, energy, technology, defence, media and transport sectors, as well as individual measures targeting named persons and entities. EU restrictive measures are legally binding on all natural and legal persons in Ireland and the EU. EU Council Regulations have direct effect, and must therefore be complied with in the same way as domestic Irish legislation. In Ireland, it is a criminal offence to contravene EU sanctions.
All persons and entities considering doing business with Russian entities or travelling to Russia should ensure that their activities do not contravene EU sanctions, including the sanctions introduced since February 2022. Detailed information on sanctions in respect of the situation in Ukraine is available here . The EU Sanctions Map has information on all EU Sanctions Regimes in effect, as well as lists of the individuals and entities sanctioned under each Regime, and links to the EU legal acts for each Regime. A consolidated list of persons, groups and entities subject to EU financial sanctions is available via this page .
Mass Gatherings and Arbitrary Detention
Irish citizens in Russia should be vigilant about their own safety and avoid mass gatherings, including protests or demonstrations. Please also be aware that new laws that affect media freedom of expression can be used to impose severe and arbitrary sentences of up to 15 years in prison. Irish citizens should be mindful this includes posting or sharing banned content on social media.
Banking Restrictions in Russia
Irish citizens in Russia should be mindful that increasingly severe limitations on banking, including the withdrawal of Visa and Mastercard services, may directly affect their ability to access their money for the foreseeable future. Any citizens who have made the decision to travel to Russia should ensure they have adequate cash supplies for their stay and for emergencies, if they do not have a source of funding within Russia.
Transport Routes Out of Russia
There are severely limited or no flight routes directly to the EU. Citizens wishing to return to Ireland via air are advised to book flights via Istanbul, Dubai, or Abu Dhabi.
Citizens intending to travel through these countries to Ireland should consult the Department’s Travel Advice in advance:
Travel Advice for Türkiye (Turkey)
Travel Advice for UAE
Unfortunately, it is not possible to predict when direct flight routes to EU countries will resume.
Options also exist for overland departure from the Russian Federation.
The Department is aware of a bus route from St. Petersburg to Tallinn in Estonia that may of interest to Irish citizens. Details of this route can be found here .
Citizens intending on taking overland routes to neighbouring EU countries should check the travel advice for those countries before booking tickets and ensure they comply with entry regulations.
Citizens in Ukraine
If you are an Irish national inside Ukraine, please register your details here and monitor the travel advice here , which is updated regularly.
General Travel Advice
The Department of Foreign Affairs strongly recommends against all travel to Russia at this time. If you must travel to Russia, we recommend all inbound passengers to check regularly with their travel agent and/or airline, and to check the website of the Russian Embassy in Dublin to make sure they have the most up to date information.
Irish citizens travelling to Russia are advised to respect the validity of their Russian visa. A visa over-stay of even a few hours can have serious consequences potentially involving a court appearance, fine, and travel ban of up to 5 years.
A system of electronic visas has been introduced by the Russian Government in Summer 2023. More information on the details of this scheme can be found here.
Further information on entry requirements, visa requests, or immigration issues should be directed to your local Russian Embassy.
Irish citizens should ensure that the name on their visa exactly matches the one in their passport. Even a minor difference in spelling will result in entry to Russia being refused. The Embassy has no ability to assist in such cases.
For information relating to Ukraine, please visit the Department's Travel Advice . The Embassy strongly advises against all travel to regions bordering Ukraine, due to the active conflict.
Given the volatile security situation in the North Caucasus, we strongly advise against all travel to Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan and to the eastern and southern parts of Stavropol Krai bordering Chechnya and Dagestan, including the Budyonnovsky, Levkumsky, Neftekumsky, Stepnovsky and Kursky regions.
We also advise against all but essential travel to North Ossetia, Karachai-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria (including the Elbrus region). Terrorism and kidnapping are a risk in these areas.
You can contact the emergency services in the Russian Federation by dialing 112.
Specific emergency numbers are:
- Police: 102
- Fire brigade: 101
- Ambulance: 103
Any Irish citizens normally resident in Ireland who are seeking assistance travelling home should contact the embassy.
Irish citizens resident in Russia who have not already done so are recommended to register their details with the Embassy here .
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Get comprehensive travel insurance that covers all your planned activities.
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly if there’s an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or a family emergency.
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
In countries where Ireland does not have an Embassy:
As there is no Irish Embassy in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan we are limited in the help we can offer you in an emergency. However, if you need assistance, you can contact the Irish Embassy in Moscow .
Safety and security
The vast majority of visits to the Russian Federation go smoothly. However, you should be vigilant at all times and also watch out for pickpockets and street crime, especially in large cities.
- You must carry your passport and migration card at all times in the Russian Federation. We would advise you to keep your passport in a safe place on your person, and not to leave it in jacket pockets or in handbags and / or backpacks in case of theft. You should also leave a copy of your passport, visa, and travel and insurance documents with family or friends at home.
- If you are stopped by police officers, always insist on seeing ID.
- Racially-motivated attacks by racist groups do occur in the Russian Federation. If you're of Asian, Afro-Caribbean or Southern European descent, we advise you to take extra care.
- Avoid openly carrying expensive items, or anything that might easily identify you as a tourist. Don't show large sums of money in public and don't use ATMs after dark, especially if you are alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business.
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafes, train and bus stations. Busy areas, such as railway concourses, particularly in St Petersburg, are used by thieves, who specifically target tourists.
- Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible.
- Drink-spiking leading to robbery, violence and/or abuse does happen. Unconscious victims are often left outside, which can be life threatening in the winter months. Buy your own drinks and keep sight of them at all times.
Reporting a crime
If you're a victim of a crime while in the Russian Federation, report it to the local police immediately. And you can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Moscow if you need help.
There is a threat from terrorism in the Russian Federation, including suicide bombings in public places so be cautious and vigilant in public places. On 3 April 2017, a suicide attack on the St Petersburg metro resulted in 15 deaths and many injuries.
Political unrest and demonstrations
Political rallies, protests, and demonstrations can occur in Russia and have the potential to turn violent. Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings and monitor local media.
Photographing of any military installation, establishment or site of strategic importance is prohibited; this includes airports and metro stations. People who don't observe this rule are likely to have their cameras confiscated, be detained for questioning and possibly arrested.
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including long prison terms for possession of drugs.
Homosexuality is legal in the Russian Federation, but there is still a degree of intolerance among some sections of the population; be careful about public displays of affection. A law banning the promotion of “non-traditional sexual relations” entered into force in June 2013; it is unclear how this law will be applied, but it includes tougher penalties for non-Russians including arrest, fines and deportation.
You can import up to 10,000 US dollars (or equivalent) into the country and export foreign currency up to the equivalent of 10,000 US dollars from the Russian Federation without declaring it.
If you complete a declaration make sure the form is stamped by a Customs official at your port of entry, otherwise your foreign currency and non-declared items may be confiscated when you leave the Russian Federation and you may be fined.
There are strict regulations governing the export from the Russian Federation of antiques, icons, medals, artwork and other items of historical significance. This includes modern art and even posters if they are particularly rare or valuable. You must get approval from the Ministry of Culture.
For further information visit the website of the Russian Federal Customs Service .
Legislation came into force on 4 August 2014 regarding Russian nationals who are also citizens of other countries. Russian passport holders must inform the Russian authorities of the other passports they hold. If you hold both Irish and Russian citizenship you should take legal advice and/ or contact the relevant Russian authority (the nearest Russian Embassy if you are not in the Russian Federation or your local Migration office if you are in the Russian Federation) to find out how the legislation might impact you.
Your passport should be valid for a minimum period of 6 months after the expiry date of your visa.
If you’re planning to drive in the Russian Federation, you should be extremely careful. The harsh winter from November to March can make road conditions very difficult, particularly outside towns and cities.
If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driving license and international driving permit, and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and you risk being detained, fined or banned from driving if caught. There is a zero tolerance policy on drink-driving in the Russian Federation
- Be aware of the Russian Federation’s traffic laws, such as speed limits
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights
Hiring a vehicle
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
During the harsh winter months pavements can become extremely icy so good walking shoes are essential.
If you want to travel by taxi while in the Russian Federation, we advise you to book an official taxi service through your hotel and agree on the price of the journey in advance.
If you intend to travel to or within the Russian Federation, avoid travelling on airlines that fall under the EU operating ban .
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
Irish citizens require a visa to enter the Russian Federation. Those who do not comply with Russian visa laws can be subject to arrest, fines, and/or deportation. Russian authorities will not allow an Irish citizen with an expired visa to depart the country, effectively obliging the person to remain in the Russian Federation at their own expense until local authorities grant an exit visa. It should be noted that the ability of the Embassy to intervene in such cases is extremely limited. It is very important that all Irish citizens travelling to the Russian Federation carefully check the validity of their visa, and pay particular attention to the expiry date, as it can differ from the dates of travel indicated in your visa application.
You’ll usually be asked to complete a migration card on the plane before you arrive in the Russian Federation. Alternatively, you may be asked to complete a migration card on reaching Passport Control at some airports.
One part of the card is submitted to Immigration on arrival and you must keep the other part of the card for the duration of your stay in the Russian Federation – you’ll need to show it when checking into hotels, when departing the Russian Federation and/or if asked for proof of identity by the police.
You must complete a new migration card each time you enter the Russian Federation, even if you have a multi-entry visa. Losing your migration card could delay your departure from the Russian Federation and you may be fined.
You must also register your presence in the Russian Federation if you’re staying for more than seven days. If staying in a hotel, the hotel should organise this for you. If staying privately, you must be registered by the owner of the property at the nearest branch of the Federal Migration Service (FMS).
You must have your passport and migration card with you at all times while in the Russian Federation.
You can get more information on entry/exit requirements and immigration information for the Russian Federation, please contact the Embassy of the Russian Federation to Ireland.
Tap water is not drinkable throughout the Russian Federation but bottled mineral water is widely available.
The rouble is the unit of currency in the Russian Federation. If you want to buy roubles in the country, we advise that you take euro or US dollars to change. Please note:
- All notes should be in good condition
- You should only change money at banks, hotels and recognised exchange kiosks
- You will need to show your passport and visa to change money
- It is an offence to change money from street traders
- It is illegal to pay directly with dollars or euro
- Most hotels, restaurants and larger shops accept credit cards, but smaller shops do not. ATMs exist in most major cities
- Travellers’ cheques are not widely accepted
The Embassy operates an out-of-hours service for Irish citizens requiring emergency assistance. If you are in need of emergency assistance, please ring the Embassy Duty Officer at +7 495 937 5911
Embassy of Ireland to the Russian Federation Grokholski Perulok 5 Moscow 129010 Russia
Tel: +7 495 937 5911 Fax: +7 495 680 0623
Monday to Friday 09:30-13:00 and 14:30-17:30
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.
Contact our Embassy in Moscow for assistance
Know Before You Go
Foreign Office advises against ALL travel to Russia
People are being told not to travel to Russia amid the crisis in Ukraine
- 18:10, 28 FEB 2022
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The Foreign Office in the UK has advised against all travel to Russia amid the crisis in Ukraine.
In an update, the Foreign Office said that due to a “lack of available flight options" and the "increased volatility in the Russian economy”, it would be advising Brits against travelling to Russia.
The Foreign Office website says: “The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) advises against all travel to the whole of Russia due to the lack of available flight options to return to the UK, and the increased volatility in the Russian economy.”
It comes as transport secretary Grant Shapps asked all UK ports to deny access to Russian flagged, registered or operated vessels.
With a Russian-owned ship due to dock in Orkney on Tuesday, the UK government had been urged to ban the country’s vessels in response to Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine.
Mr Shapps has now written to all UK ports telling them not to provide access to any ship believed to be registered in Russia, flying the Russian flag or owned, controlled, chartered or operated by “any person connected with Russia”.
He added that the UK government will try to pass legislation prohibiting their arrival.
Britain has now announced new sanctions against Russian banks to heap pressure on Vladimir Putin.
Boris Johnson said Mr Putin had made a “colossal mistake” in invading Ukraine, and praised the country for its fierce resistance and proving Moscow wrong to think tanks would be “garlanded with roses”.
Liz Truss said all Russian banks would be hit with a full asset freeze within days as she announced new powers to limit them from clearing payments in sterling, which will initially target the nation’s largest bank, Sberbank.
The Foreign Secretary said the war could last “months and years” as she prepared the British public for “some economic hardship” as a result of the sanctions, but vowed to Ukraine that the UK would “suffer economic sacrifices to support you, however long it takes”.
Meanwhile, home secretary Priti Patel ruled out a visa waiver for Ukrainians fleeing the conflict, citing fears that Moscow’s troops and extremists could come to the UK.
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Travel Advisory: U.S. Embassy Moscow, Russia
Travel Advisory: U.S. Embassy Moscow, Russia (March 29, 2022)
Russia – Level 4: Do not Travel T U H K O
Click Here for Important Information for U.S. Citizens Seeking to Depart Russia (Updated Daily).
Do not travel to Russia due to the unprovoked and unjustified invasion of Ukraine by Russian military forces , the potential for harassment against U.S. citizens by Russian government security officials , the singling out of U.S. citizens in Russia by Russian government security officials including for detention, the arbitrary enforcement of local law, limited flights into and out of Russia, the Embassy’s limited ability to assist U.S. citizens in Russia, COVID-19 and related entry restrictions, and terrorism . U.S. citizens residing or travelling in Russia should depart Russia immediately.
U.S. citizens should note that U.S. credit and debit cards no longer work in Russia, and options to electronically transfer funds from the United States are extremely limited as a result of sanctions imposed on Russian banks. There are reports of cash shortages within Russia.
Limited commercial flight options and overland routes by car and bus are still open and available. If you wish to depart Russia, you should make arrangements on your own as soon as possible. The U.S. Embassy has severe limitations on its ability to assist U.S. citizens, and conditions, including transportation options, may suddenly become even more limited. U.S. citizens who are able to depart Russia for another country and are in need of emergency assistance upon arrival may contact a U.S. embassy or consulate in that country.
Due to Russia’s further invasion of Ukraine, an increasing number of airlines are cancelling flights into and out of Russia, and numerous countries have closed their airspace to Russian airlines. In addition, airspace around southern Russia is restricted, and a number of airports in the area have closed. U.S. citizens located in, or considering travel to, the districts of the Russian Federation immediately bordering Ukraine should be aware that the situation along the border is dangerous and unpredictable. Given the ongoing armed conflict, U.S. citizens are strongly advised against traveling by land from Russia to Ukraine. In addition, there is the potential throughout Russia of harassment of foreigners, including through regulations targeted specifically against foreigners.
The U.S. government’s ability to provide routine or emergency services to U.S. citizens in Russia is severely limited, particularly in areas far from the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, due to Russian government limitations on travel, the number of U.S. staff, and the ongoing suspension of operations, including consular services, at U.S. consulates.
On February 28, the Department of State authorized the voluntary departure of eligible family members and non-emergency personnel from U.S. Embassy Moscow.
Do Not Travel to:
- The North Caucasus, including Chechnya and Mount Elbrus, due to terrorism, kidnapping, and risk of civil unrest .
- Crimea due to Russia’s occupation of the Ukrainian territory and abuses by its occupying authorities .
Country Summary : U.S. citizens, including former and current U.S. government and military personnel and private citizens engaged in business, who are visiting or residing in Russia have been interrogated without cause and threatened by Russian officials, and may become victims of harassment, mistreatment, and extortion. All U.S. government personnel should carefully consider their need to travel to Russia.
Russian security services have arrested U.S. citizens on spurious charges, singled out U.S. citizens in Russia for detention and/or harassment, denied them fair and transparent treatment, and have convicted them in secret trials and/or without presenting credible evidence. Russian officials may unreasonably delay U.S. consular assistance to detained U.S. citizens. Russian authorities arbitrarily enforce local laws against U.S. citizen religious workers and open questionable criminal investigations against U.S. citizens engaged in religious activity. Russian security services are increasing the arbitrary enforcement of local laws to target foreign and international organizations they consider “undesirable,” and U.S. citizens should avoid travel to Russia to perform work for or volunteer with non-governmental organizations. Russian authorities may not notify the U.S. Embassy of the detention of a U.S. citizen, and consular access to detainees may be denied or severely delayed.
Russia enforces special restrictions on dual U.S.-Russian nationals and may refuse to acknowledge dual nationals’ U.S. citizenship, including denying access to U.S. consular assistance and preventing their departure from Russia.
The rights to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression are not guaranteed in Russia, and U.S. citizens should avoid all political or social protests.
Terrorist groups, transnational and local terrorist organizations, and individuals inspired by extremist ideology continue plotting possible attacks in Russia. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, local government facilities, hotels, clubs, restaurants, places of worship, parks, major sporting and cultural events, educational institutions, airports, and other public areas.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has issued a Notice to Air Missions (NOTAM) prohibiting U.S. aviation operations into, out of, within, or over those areas of the Moscow Flight Information Region (FIR), the Samara FIR (UWWW) and the Rostov-na-Donu (URRV) FIR within 160NM of the boundaries of the Dnipro (UKDV) Flight Information Regions. For more information, U.S. citizens should consult the Federal Aviation Administration’s Prohibitions, Restrictions, and Notices.
Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Russia due to COVID-19, indicating a very high level of COVID-19 in the country.
There are restrictions in place affecting U.S. citizen entry into Russia. Your risk of contracting COVID-19 and developing severe symptoms may be lower if you are fully vaccinated with an FDA authorized vaccine . Before planning any international travel, please review the CDC’s specific recommendations for fully vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers .
Visit the Embassy’s COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 and related restrictions and conditions in Russia.
Read the country information page.
If you decide to travel to Russia:
- Familiarize yourself with the information on what the U.S. government can and cannot do to assist you in a crisis overseas.
- Have a contingency plan in place that does not rely on U.S. government assistance. Review the Traveler’s Checklist .
- Monitor local and international media for breaking events and adjust your contingency plans based on the new information.
- Ensure travel documents are valid and easily accessible.
- Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas .
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program ( STEP ) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
- Follow the Department of State on Facebook and Twitter .
- Review the Country Security Report for Russia.
- Visit the CDC’s webpage on Travel and COVID-19 .
- Get a COVID vaccine to facilitate your travel.
- Understand the COVID testing and vaccine requirements for all countries that you will transit through to your destination
North Caucasus (including Chechnya and Mount Elbrus) – Do Not Travel
Terrorist attacks and risk of civil unrest continue throughout the North Caucasus region, including in Chechnya, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Stavropol, Karachayevo-Cherkessiya, and Kabardino-Balkariya. Local gangs have kidnapped U.S. citizens and other foreigners for ransom. There have been credible reports of arrest, torture, and extrajudicial killing of LGBTI persons in Chechnya allegedly conducted by Chechen regional authorities.
Do not attempt to climb Mount Elbrus, as travelers must pass close to volatile and insecure areas of the North Caucasus region. The U.S. government is unable to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens traveling in the North Caucasus region, including Mount Elbrus, as U.S. government employees are prohibited from traveling to the region.
Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas
Crimea – Do Not Travel
The international community, including the United States and Ukraine, does not recognize Russia’s purported annexation of Crimea. There is extensive Russian Federation military presence in Crimea. Russia staged its further invasion of Ukraine, in part, from occupied Crimea, and Russia is likely to take further military actions in Crimea as part of its occupation of this part of Ukraine. There are continuing abuses against foreigners and the local population by the occupation authorities in Crimea, particularly against those who are seen as challenging their authority on the peninsula.
The U.S. government is unable to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens traveling in Crimea, as U.S. government employees are prohibited from traveling to Crimea.
Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas .
Last Update: Reissued with updates on security situation.
By U.S. Mission Russia | 30 March, 2022 | Topics: Alert
Security Alert – U.S. Embassy Moscow, Russia
Security alert – u.s. embassy moscow, russia (february 19, 2023).
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