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The Ultimate Italy Travel Guide for a Great Experience
Italy is one of the most popular European destinations. In 2019, Italy was the second most popular European destination. Our Ultimate Italy Travel Guide looks at some of the wonderful things Italy has to offer tourists, when the best time to travel is and what you can look forward to on your trip.
Italy As a Travel Destination
The long Mediterranean coastline is rich in breathtaking views. Italy has a great infrastructure to support tourism, and you can visit most parts of the country by land, sea, or air. The Italian government spends around $4 billion annually to improve its transportation infrastructure, including national highways, expressways, bridges, and tunnels. You’ll get a bit of everything in Italy, such as:
- Religious history: The country is steeped in religious history and allows tourists to visit the Vatican and other important religious sites.
- Art and history: Art lovers and historians have endless museums and ancient ruins to explore.
- Food lover: If you’re a foodie, Italy is perfect for you. It’s common to find pizza, risotto, pasta, lasagna, and gnocchi throughout the country.
- Fashion: Milan is known as the fashion capital of the world. In this beautiful city, you’ll see iconic Italian fashion houses such as Versace, Giorgio Armani, Gucci, and Prada.
- Luxury cars: Don’t forget the motor industry comprising of luxurious brands such as Lamborghini, Ferrari, Maserati, and Alfa Romeo.
Best Times To Travel To Italy
The best months to travel to Italy are May, June, September, and October. Temperatures are about 25°C at the end of May , which marks the end of spring, and this ushers in summer from June to August, with temperatures between 18°C and 38°C.
Autumn follows from September to November. Temperatures are also favorable, ranging between 8°C and 28°C. The hot and humid summer between June and August seems like the best time to visit Italy. Unfortunately, this also means that it’s peak season, and there’ll be crowds. The best chance you have at avoiding crowds is by traveling in May, when the weather is a bit breezy and hot, right before summer. Early October is also a great option because it’s cooler.
What To Expect In Italy
A great tourist destination makes traveling easier. You can easily buy what you want and need, meet new people, feel safe and access medical services when needed. So, how does Italy fare as a tourist destination?
- Language : Italian is the native language of Italy. So, it might be helpful to learn basic Italian to order at restaurants, ask for help, or make a booking.
- Money and Credit Cards : When it comes to money while traveling in Italy, know that cash is widely used. If paying by card, your MasterCard and Visa cards will suffice. Unfortunately, Discover Card is not accepted in any European country, and American Express can be problematic.
- Plugs : The electricity supply is 230V and 50HZ. There are also three plug types – C, F, and L. Make sure you have all the correct adaptors before traveling.
- Safety : Italy is a safe European travel destination. Violent crime is low , but you’ll need to watch out for petty theft. It would be best if you exercise caution, such as being aware of your surroundings and not attracting unnecessary attention by displaying wealth. Remember to keep your bag close, especially in crowded places.
- Access to health services: In case of a health issue, Italian medical services are available. Remember to buy travel insurance to ensure you’re protected should anything happen to you while you’re abroad.
Top Places To Visit: Italy Travel Guide
Italy is a haven for architectural landmarks, historic buildings, sandy beaches, and famous artworks. Must visit places are spread out across the country, with Rome, Milan, and Venice being the most popular Italian destinations .
Rome, Italy’s capital, is home to the Trevi Fountain, named the most beautiful fountain in Rome. The Trevi Fountain is a mythical fountain, and it is said that if you throw a coin into it, you’ll return to Rome. Two coins get you into a romantic relationship with an attractive Italian, while three coins lead to marriage! Choose your coins wisely. You can also visit the Colosseum , the largest ancient amphitheater ever built.
Milan houses The Last Supper, painted by Leonardo da Vinci between 1495 and 1498. The iconic painting calls Santa Maria delle Grazie, a church in Milan, and a UNESCO world heritage site, home.
Venice, the capital of the Veneto region, is magnificent and stands on over 100 islands. Consequently, it has canals and no roads. St. Mark’s square is the prime attraction where you can experience Italo-Byzantine architecture at the Basilica and great art at Doge’s place.
Bucket List Experiences
For an authentic Italian experience, our Italy Travel Guide shows that there are certain activities you can’t miss, such as skiing and hiking in the alps.
- The Alps is the highest mountain range in south-central Europe.
- Take a gondola cruise in Venice to properly experience the city with no roads.
- Enjoy romantic sunsets atop the Duomo of Milan and Piazzale Michelangelo.
- See the 60-meter tall leaning tower of Pisa and take a swim in the clear waters of Sardinia.
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- Travel requirements by destination
Covid-19 testing requirements.
All passengers above the age of 8 years old are required to hold a negative COVID-19 PCR test conducted maximum 96 hours prior to departure.
Travel to and from Dubai
If you're travelling to, from or transiting through Dubai, please check our Travel requirements for Dubai. (Opens page in the same tab)
List of laboratories
This is a recommended list of authorised COVID-19 test laboratories in Dubai (Opens a PDF in a new tab) where you can get tested before you travel to your destination.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories in each of our current destinations (Opens a PDF in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT PCR test.
Search and book flights
All restrictions lifted starting 01 November 2022
Masks are required on board and at the airport in your destination.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories in each of our current destinations (Opens a PDF in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT-PCR test.
If you're travelling to, from or transiting through Dubai, please check our Travel requirements for Dubai (Opens page in the same tab) .
There are no longer any COVID 19 entry restrictions for travel to Angola. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Travel from Angola
Passengers are advised to ensure they meet all travel requirements of the countries of their final/transit destinations.
Travel from argentina.
This is a recommended list of authorised COVID‑19 test laboratories in Dubai (Opens a PDF in a new tab) where you can get tested before you travel to your destination.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories (Opens a PDF in a new tab) in each of our current destinations. You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID‑19 RT PCR test..
There are no longer any COVID 19 entry restrictions for travel to Australia. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Austria. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Bahrain. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Bangladesh. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms
Visa on arrival services for nationals of the following countries are now available at Shahjalal Internation Airport in Dhaka:
- United States of America
- All GCC countries
- All European countries
- Russian Federation
- South Korea
Read through the guideline for all arriving passengers on the Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh portal (Opens an external website in a new tab) .
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Belgium. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID‑19 entry restrictions for travel to Brazil. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Before you travel, please ensure you understand the requirements for travel to Canada (Opens an external website in a new tab) .
While travellers will no longer have to submit their quarantine and vaccination information through ArriveCAN, they can continue to use the optional Advance Declaration feature in ArriveCAN (free as a mobile app or on the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) website) to save time at the airport by submitting their customs and immigration declaration in advance of arrival.
Download the ArriveCAN app here (Opens an external website in a new tab) .
Travel from Canada
If you're travelling to or transiting through Dubai, please check the travel requirements for Dubai , the requirements of your final destination, and the departure requirements below set by the Canadian government.
There are changes to travel eligibility.
All passengers (Chinese and foreign nationals) must complete the China Customs Health Declaration via the China Customs app (Opens a PDF in a new tab) , WeChat app (Opens a PDF in a new tab) or online (Opens an external website in a new tab) as applicable. At check-in, passengers must present the QR code as proof that they have submitted the personal health declaration form. Printed forms will not be accepted.
The Customs Health Declaration QR code is valid for 24 hours before arrival in China.
- Seat number is mandatory and must be added to the Customs Health Declaration form after check-in.
- The new QR code must be presented at the boarding gate after the seat number is updated in the Customs Health Declaration form.
- For Chinese nationals: WeChat (Opens a PDF in a new tab) / Customs declaration app (Opens a PDF in a new tab)
- Foreign nationals: Customs declaration app (Opens a PDF in a new tab) or website (Opens an external website in a new tab)
Passengers transiting or connecting through China from Dubai must enter their flight and seat number in their Health Declaration form.
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Cote d’Ivoire. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Passengers travelling from Abidjan must take the required pre-departure tests at designated testing centres approved by Institute Pasteur.
There are no longer any COVID 19 entry restrictions for travel to Cyprus. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Wearing face masks is recommended on all flights to and from Cyprus, as well in all indoor areas while in Cyprus.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Czech Republic. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Denmark. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Travel rules for Dubai residents
Follow the latest travel advice for residents travelling to and from Dubai (Opens page in the same tab) . The information changes frequently so please check back before you travel.
Travel rules for tourists
Follow the latest travel advice for tourists travelling to, through and from Dubai (Opens page in the same tab) . The information changes frequently so please check back before you travel.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Egypt. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Masks are optional on board but must be worn at the airport in your destination
There are no longer any COVID‑19 entry restrictions for travel to Ethiopia.
Visa on arrival services are available for eligible passengers provided they apply for OK to board approval before travelling to Ethiopia.
- Transfer passengers
- Passengers with sticker visas
- E-visas with a confirmation page showing the passenger details along with a photo of the passenger will be accepted
- Visa on arrival will only be granted to passengers who were born in Ethiopia, whose passport states Ethiopia as their place of birth
- Children of Ethiopian nationals or Residence Card holders who are travelling with their parents, who will be allowed to enter the country with a visa on arrival eligibility or if they have a pre issued sticker or e-visa
- Passengers with Africa Union IDs or Diplomatic IDs issued by the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, given the ID is valid
- Passengers with Ethiopian Origin ID
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to France. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Germany. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Travel from Ghana
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Greece. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
From 25 June 2022, arriving and departing passengers will no longer be required to complete a health declaration form.
From 13 March 2022, all nationalities are allowed entry into Guinea provided they complete the following requirements on arrival.
Passengers who are fully vaccinated must present proof that they have complete the required doses of the any of the following vaccines:
- Astra Zeneca
- Sinopharm and Sinovac
- Johnson & Johnson
Fully vaccinated passengers are not required to present a negative pre-departure COVID-19 test.
Passengers unvaccinated or partially vaccinated must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate for a test taken not more than 72 hours before travel.
Travellers who present a COVID-19 recovery certificate dated less than six months are not required to present a vaccination certificate on arrival.
Passengers between the ages of 5 and 18 years are exempt from the vaccination requirement but must take a PCR test not more than 72 hours before entry into Conakry.
Any passenger who presents symptoms of COVID 19 (e.g. fever, cough, difficulty breathing, sneezing, poor general condition, etc.) on arrival will undergo a standard diagnostic test (PCR) and be isolated while waiting for the test results. If found positive for COVID 19, the traveller will be treated at a dedicated processing centre.
Hong Kong, China
From 1 March 2023, travellers are no longer required to wear masks on board flights to Hong Kong and at Hong Kong International Airport.
Please visit the official website (Opens an external website in a new tab) for more details.
Please check the government website for eligibility and mandatory quarantine requirements before you travel to Hong Kong.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Hungary. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
From 13 February 2023 (11:00am IST), travellers may be subject to random COVID-19 PCR testing on arrival in India.
From 13 February 2023 (IST 11:00am), pre-departure COVID-19 testing and registration on the Air Suvidha portal are no longer required for passengers travelling from China, Hong Kong, Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore and Thailand.
However, all travellers arriving in India are subject to random COVID-19 testing on arrival at the airport.
Vaccination and Satu Sehat Apps are no longer mandatory requirements.
Masks are optional on board and at the airport in your destination.
The following categories of passengers are exempt from the entry restriction:
- Indonesian nationals
- Non Indonesian nationals holding diplomatic visa and official visa
- Non Indonesian nationals holding limited stay permit (ITAS) and permanent stay permit (ITAP)
- Non Indonesian nationals holding diplomatic stay permit and official stay permit
- Non Indonesian nationals holding visit visas
- Non Indonesian nationals holding limited stay visas
- Non Indonesian nationals holding Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) business travel card
- Foreign nationals from 92 territories who are eligible for visa on arrival services and who are visiting Indonesia for tourism purposes
International to international transit/transfer through Jakarta (CGK) airport is now allowed for a maximum of 6 hours. International to domestic transfer is allowed and travellers must present all entry requirements at the first port of entry.
International to international transit or transfer through Denpasar (DPS) airport is now allowed for a maximum of 8 hours. Between 02.00-07.00LT, the airport closure period, international to international transit or transfer passengers must clear CIQ and must fulfil DPS entry requirements.
Visa free entry or visa on arrival is only allowed through CGK, DPS, KNO, SUB, UPG, MDC, YIA, BTH, LOP, PDG, BPN, PKU, KJT, DJJ and BTJ.
Visa free entry for tourists only applies to citizens of South East Asian countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste and Vietnam.
Visa on arrival for tourists only applies to nationals of 92 territories : Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland Republic, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau(SAR), Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Monaco, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Russia, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, San Marino, Seychelles, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor Leste, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (British citizens only), United States of America, Uzbekistan, Vatican and Vietnam.
Passengers who have the following types of British passports are not eligible for visa on arrival services:
- British Overseas Territories Citizen
- British National (Overseas)
- British Overseas Citizen
- British Subject
- British Protected Person
All eligible foreign nationals can apply for an e-visa on arrival (E-VOA) and pay the visa fees online before travelling to Indonesia at https://molina.imigrasi.go.id/ (Opens an external website in a new tab)
Passengers who are eligible for visa free entry or visa on arrival can stay for 30 days and must comply with the following requirements:
- Minimum 6 months passport validity
- Return or onward ticket
- Visa on arrival fee at IDR 500,000
- Sufficient funds
- Tourists can stay a maximum of 30 days and request a one-time extension for another 30 days at the nearest immigration office.
- Exit Indonesia from any immigration checkpoint
- Visa free and/or visa on arrival cannot be exchanged for a resident visa
Foreign nationals who have an emergency passport, temporary passport, travel document or laissez passer are not eligible for visa on arrival services.
Foreign nationals from countries not specified can visit Indonesia by applying for a visit visa or limited stay visa before arrival.
Visit visa and limited stay visa can apply to the following purposes:
A. Visit Visa
- Tourism purposes
- Emergency work activity
- Business discussion
- Purchase of items
- Film activity
- Food, medical and humanitarian support
- Governmental duty including G20 activity or international meetings 144th Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU)
- Joining ship in Indonesia territory
- Marine industry development
- Foreign worker candidate trial on the ability to work
B. Limited Stay Visa
- As an expert staff
- Gather together to work on ships, float equipment or installation operated in Indonesian territory and Economic Exclusive Zone Indonesia
- Quality control of items or production
- Inspection or audit of branch office in Indonesia
- After sales activity
- Installing or repairing a machine
- Non permanent construction work
- Undertaking a film production for commercial purposes and has been approved by the appropriate authorities
- Foreign workers on a skills trial
- Visa index C313 (non work purpose): foreign investment for period of 1 year
- Visa index C314 (non work purpose): foreign investment for period of 2 years
- Visa index C316 (non work purpose): study / education
- Visa index C317 (non work purpose): family reunion
Guarantors must apply for visit visas and limited stay visas online (Opens an external website in a new tab) to the Directorate General of Immigration based on the visit purposes.
Visit visas and limited stay visas are granted by the Director General of Immigration in the form of an electronic visa (eVisa). Visit visas with an eVisa Number ending in DN cannot be used for entry, as this code is for a visa extension for foreign nationals who have entered Indonesia and are currently staying in Indonesia (On Shore Visa). Visit visa numbers to enter Indonesia should end with LN (Off Shore Visa).
Diplomatic visa and official visa are regulated by Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Holders of diplomatic and service passports from 91 countries (Opens an external website in a new tab) can enter Indonesia with the free visa facility if the visit purpose of the visit is related to diplomatic or official visits with supporting documents:
- Carrying a diplomatic duty note or visit statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic Indonesia and or foreign state ministry
- Invitation letter issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic Indonesia for those attending meetings and or conferences in Indonesia
All passengers arriving Indonesia must also complete the electronic Customs Declaration form https://ecd.beacukai.go.id/
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories (Opens a PDF in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT PCR test.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Iran. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Entry to Iran is allowed only for Iranian nationals and foreign nationals who have any of the following:
- Residence permit
- Entry visa (merchants)
- Work permit visa;
- Medical visa
- Investment visa
- Exit and return stamp from Iran Immigration
Eligible passengers must apply for the Entry Visa online and receive approval before travelling to Iran.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Iraq. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Passengers holding a paper visa and one-way or return tickets require OK to board approval. To get OK to board approval, they must submit copies of their passport, flight booking reference and visa 48 hours before their date of travel. The required documents must be submitted to:
The following passengers can travel to Iraq without OK to Board approval:
- Passengers holding a valid sticker visa
All passengers who have recently travelled to or through Bangladesh will not be allowed entry to Basra.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Ireland. Passengers are no longer required to hold a COVID‑19 vaccination certificate, COVID‑19 test result or complete the Passenger Locator Form.
Travel from Ireland
Emirates passengers can undergo COVID 19 testing at the following facilities.
Emirates passengers can undergo COVID 19 testing at the following facilities. Find the testing facility closest to you and present your Emirates ticket or booking confirmation. You should receive your test results within 96 hours after the sample is taken. Emirates is not liable for the samples, their transfer and analysis as carried out under the full responsibility of these laboratories, nor for any delay in the release of test results.
- RDT Care (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Randox Health (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Travel Health (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Vida care (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Liffey Medical (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Better2know (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Tropical Medical Bureau (Opens an external website in a new tab)
There are no longer any COVID‑19 entry restrictions for travel to Israel. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID 19 entry restrictions for travel to Italy. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Japan. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any testing, vaccination or quarantine requirements.
All passengers must register on the Visit Jordan portal (Opens an external website in a new tab) prior to departure and complete the required form to get a QR code. The QR code must be presented at check-in and to authorities on arrival in Jordan.
- Jordanian passengers and their families, spouses and children regardless of their nationalities
- Diplomats and employees of regional and international organisations as well as their dependents and family members with a special and/or normal passport who are residing in Jordan and who have a permanent QR code with an indefinite validity that can be used to return to Jordan on several trips
This is a recommended list of authorised COVID-19 test laboratories in Dubai (Opens a PDF in a new tab) i where you can get tested before you travel to your destination.
All passengers who require visas should apply for and obtain an e visa before travelling to Kenya. The e-visa can be obtained through this website (Opens page in a new tab) . Minors below 16 years old are exempted from the visa requirement.
Passengers holding Refugee or Alien travel documents must have a visa at all times.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories (Opens a PDF in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT-PCR test.
Korea, Republic of
Requirements for travel to a specific city or region.
Travel to South Korea from China
From 3 January 2023, travellers who have visited and stayed in China in the last 7 days before travel to South Korea must complete their details on the Q Code or Health Questionnaire form. PCR test must be taken within one day from arrival at the airport test centre under own cost and wait for the result at designated location. Korean and foreign nationals may take the test at the district health centre. Test result must be uploaded on the Q Code.
Please follow the guide on how to complete the form in Korean (Opens a PDF in a new tab) or English (Opens a PDF in a new tab) .
Travellers, except children below 6 years old, who have transited through China in the past 7 days and stayed in the transit area without entering the country must present one of the following certificates:
- a negative COVID-19 antigen test report for a test taken not more than 24 hours before departure from the first departure country.
- a negative COVID-19 PCR test report for a test taken not more than 48 hours before departure from the first departure country.
There are restrictions to the categories of passengers who can enter South Korea at this time. Please check the requirements before you travel.
Exemption for Quarantine with Completed Vaccination
From 21 March 2022, all passengers must upload their health questionnaire information on the Q-Code location (Opens an external website in a new tab) .
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Kuwait. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Lebanon. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
This is a recommended list of authorised COVID-19 test laboratories in Dubai (Opens a PDF in a new tab) (Opens an external website in a new tab) where you can get tested before you travel to your destination.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories in each of our current destinations (Opens a PDF in a new tab) (Opens an external website in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT-PCR test.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Malaysia. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are changes to the required documents for travel to the Maldives.
Passengers travelling to Maldives must complete the online Traveller Declaration Form (Opens an external website in a new tab) within 96 hours before arrival in the Maldives, obtain a QR code and present it at the time of check-in at the airport.
Passengers travelling to the Maldives as tourists must have a confirmed hotel reservation for their stay at registered tourist facilities.
Travel from Maldives
Passengers travelling from Maldives must confirm the COVID-19 PCR test requirements of their destination country and present the test result certificate at check in. Please contact your resort’s guest relations department for assistance with COVID-19 PCR testing, if required.
Passengers travelling from Maldives must complete the online Traveller Declaration Form (Opens an external website in a new tab) within 96 hours before their flight’s departure. Obtain a QR code and present it to the officials at the entrance to check in, and to Immigration officers on departure.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Malta. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories in each of our current destinations (Opens a PDF in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT-PCR test.
There are no longer any COVID 19 entry restrictions for travel to Mauritius. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination and quarantine.
To facilitate arrival process, passengers are encouraged to complete arrival form on www.safemauritius.govmu.org (Opens an external website in a new tab) .
Masks are not required onboard and while at the airport.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Mexico. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Wearing face masks is optional on board flights and inside airport terminals. However, travellers are advised to wear them in confined spaces.
There are no longer any COVID‑19 entry restrictions for travel to Morocco. Passengers are no longer required to hold a COVID‑19 vaccination certificate, COVID‑19 test result or complete the Passenger Locator Form.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to the Netherlands. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Travellers arriving into New Zealand international airports now have the option to complete a digital declaration instead of a paper Passenger Arrival Card, before travelling to New Zealand. Find out more
Home/ New Zealand Travel Declaration
There are no longer any COVID 19 testing, vaccination and quarantine requirements for travel to Nigeria. There are changes to the required documents.
Masks are optional on board and at the destination airport.
Passengers are required to complete the Health Questionnaire Form (Opens an external website in a new tab) before departure or upon arrival.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Norway. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Oman. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Pakistan.
All Philippine destinations (Manila, Clark and Cebu) are open to all travellers under the following travel categories:
A . All Filipinos including those who have proof of recognition as citizen (Identification Certificates) and those who reacquired their citizenship by presenting a Citizenship Retention and Reacquisition Certificate.
B . All foreign nationals may enter the Philippines provided they comply with the applicable visa requirements and immigration entry and departure formalities as well as the vaccination and testing requirements of the Philippine Bureau of Quarantine.
C . All temporary visitors must have valid tickets for their return journey to the port of origin or next port of destination within the legal duration of stay as defined by their visa.
However, this does not apply to foreign spouses and/or children of Filipino citizens and former Filipino citizens with Balikbayan Privileges (under RA9174).
Chinese nationals with a valid AJACS and Indian nationals with a valid AJACSSUK (AJACS, Singapore or UK) visa travelling for tourism or leisure will be accepted for visa-free entry to the Philippines. This does not apply to passengers travelling for business.
Read the FAQs (Opens page in a new tab) for Foreign Travel for more details.
Foreign nationals who fail to comply with the requirements will be denied entry into the country.
D . Young Passengers and Unaccompanied minors (below 18 years old) arriving in the Philippines
All passengers travelling as Young Passengers or Unaccompanied Minors (below 18 years old) will be accepted for travel to the Philippines under the following conditions.
All passengers travelling as young passengers or unaccompanied minors (below 18 years old) must be coordinated by the sending station (origin) to the receiving Philippine station (final destination) at least 24 hours before travel for local coordination with the Philippine Bureau of Quarantine. All young passengers and unaccompanied minors without prior coordination will not be accepted for travel.
Please see complete Vaccination requirement Tab for this category of passengers.
E. Passengers travelling as medical repatriates must get prior approval 3 days before the start of their journey.
F. Foreign diplomats and their dependents, foreign dignitaries and members of their delegation, 9(e) visa holders, personnel of Philippine Foreign Service Posts (FSPs) and their dependents, and Philippine government officials on official travel may travel whether vaccinated or not.
G. Transit passengers
The following passengers can now transfer through different terminals:
a) Foreign nationals who comply with the visa requirements to enter the Philippines
b) Foreign passengers allowed to enter the country under Executive Order 408 (EO 408)
c) Foreign passengers who are not required to present a visa to enter the Philippines
Passengers must comply with all the applicable health requirements and minimum public health standards during their transit.
Travel to Cebu
Please read the arrival guidelines (Opens page in a new tab) , for passengers travelling via Mactan Cebu International Airport.
Travel to Clark
For all other required information relative to travel to Clark (CRK), you may visit the Clark International Airport website (Opens page in a new tab) .
All passengers, both Filipinos and foreign nationals, will be accepted for travel whether fully vaccinated, partially vaccinated or whose vaccination status cannot be independently validated provided that they follow the COVID-19 testing requirements.
A. e-Travel Registration
All passengers (including children and infants) and crew bound for Manila (MNL), Cebu (CEB) and Clark (CRK) are advised to register to e-Travel (Opens page in a new tab) within 72 hours before travel to avoid inconvenience upon arrival.
e-Travel (Opens page in a new tab) registration is mandatory before entering the country.
B. Immigrations Arrival Card (this form is available on board and on arrival
C. Customs Declaration Form (this form is available on arrival)
Fully vaccinated passengers will no longer be required to undergo facility-based quarantine. Travellers, whether Filipino or foreign national, who test positive for COVID-19 on arrival must undergo the latest quarantine and isolation protocols of the Philippine Department of Health.
A. Fully vaccinated individuals
Fully vaccinated travellers, both Filipinos and foreign nationals are no longer required to take a pre-departure COVID-19 test.
Passengers are considered fully vaccinated if they meet the following conditions:
- Received the second dose in a 2-dose series or single dose COVID-19 vaccine more than fourteen days before the date and time of departure from the country of origin.
- World Health Organization International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis
- National or state manual/digital vaccination certificate of the country/foreign government
- Other proof of vaccination
B. Unvaccinated, partially vaccinated and passengers whose vaccination status cannot be independently validated
- Filipinos and foreign nationals 15 years old and older must present a negative remotely supervised or laboratory-based rapid antigen test result administered and certified by a healthcare professional in a healthcare facility, laboratory, clinic, pharmacy or similar facility taken within 24 hours before the date and time of departure for the Philippines, excluding layovers, provided that the passenger has not left the airport premises or has not been admitted into another country during such layover.
- Filipinos and foreign nationals 15 years old and older who fail to present a negative pre-departure test are required to undergo a laboratory based rapid antigen negative test upon arrival at the airport.
- Unvaccinated accompanied minors below 15 years must follow the quarantine protocols applicable to their parent/s or adult/guardian travelling with them.
- Unvaccinated unaccompanied minors below 15 years old must either present a negative rapid antigen test result for a test taken 24 hours before departure to the Philippines or undergo antigen testing on arrival at the airport.
Travellers, whether Filipino or foreign nationals, who test positive for COVID-19 on arrival must undergo the latest quarantine and isolation protocols of the Philippine Department of Health.
C. Filipino passengers who have recovered but still testing positive for COVID 19
Filipino nationals who have recovered from COVID 19 but test positive in the pre departure RT PCR or antigen test may be accepted for travel if they are able to present the following documents:
- A positive RT PCR test certificate for a test taken at least 10 days but not more than 30 days before the date and time of departure from the country of origin/port of embarkation
- A positive RT PCR test result for a test taken not more than 48 hours before departure from the country of origin/first port of embarkation in a continuous travel to the Philippines, excluding layovers; provided that they have not left the airport premises or have not been admitted into another country during such lay over
- A medical certificate issued by a licensed physician stating that the Filipino national:
- was an asymptomatic, mild, moderate, severe or critical case of COVID 19
- has completed the mandatory isolation period
- is no longer infectious
- has been allowed free movement and travel
For more information about the COVID Alert Levels, please visit the DOH Website FAQs (Opens page in a new tab) .
Travel from the Philippines
From 15 April, all Filipino passengers (including children and infants) travelling from Manila (MNL), Cebu (CEB) and Clark (CRK) are required to register to e Travel (Opens page in a new tab) within 72 hours before their scheduled departure from the Philippines.
Printed Departure Cards will no longer be available from 1 May 2023.
e Travel (Opens page in a new tab) registration is mandatory for all Filipino travellers as part of the Immigrations formalities before leaving the country, except for crew and diplomats travelling on official business.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Poland. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Portugal. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID 19 testing, vaccination and quarantine requirements for entry to Russia. Foreign nationals must complete the entry form provided on board.
Passengers may be subject to selective COVID-19 testing upon arrival.
Travel from Russia
Foreign passengers must complete arrival forms which are distributed on board.
There are changes to the vaccination requirements for passengers travelling to Saudi Arabia to perform Hajj.
Visit visa holders are required to have insurance to cover the costs of COVID 19 treatment during their stay in Saudi Arabia.
Passengers travelling to Saudi Arabia can register their vaccination details online before their departure on the MUQEEM portal in order to be able to register on the TAWAKKALNA app.
Only passengers who meet the following conditions will be allowed on flights to Senegal.
- Residents of countries that are not affected by the temporary restriction of non-essential movement to Senegal or have not imposed restrictions on the movement of Senegal nationals
- Nationals of members states of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) and from Economic Community of West (CEDEAO)
- EU citizens
- Third-country nationals regularly established in Senegal and holding a residence permit issued by the competent services of the Republic of Senegal
Passengers holding a Seychelles passport must be allowed to board without any additional checks or requirements. They are exempt from obtaining an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA). It is crucial to uphold their constitutional right of return, ensuring their unrestricted travel to Seychelles.
Passengers who hold dual citizenship with Seychelles and are traveling with a passport issued by a country other than Seychelles are exempt from the eTA requirement. However, they must provide documentation confirming their Seychelles nationality for verification purposes. Once the necessary documentation is provided, they should receive an "Ok to Board" message.
All other foreign passport holders must complete the Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) process before departure. They can obtain the eTA at https://seychelles.govtas.com/
This is a recommended list of authorised COVID-19 test laboratories in Dubai (Opens a PDF in a new tab) where you can get tested before you travel to your destination.
The UAE government has specified designated laboratories in each of our current destinations (Opens a PDF in a new tab) . You can either use the recommended laboratories in the list or any trusted and certified laboratories in your country of origin to get your COVID-19 RT-PCR test.
From 13 February 2023, there are no longer any COVID-19 testing, vaccination and quarantine requirements for travel to Singapore.
All passengers travelling to Singapore must comply with the current public health and entry requirements.
Passengers who have no travel history to any country or region classified by the Singapore Ministry of Health as a Restricted Category country or region in the last 7 days before travel to Singapore will not be required to serve a Stay-Home Notice (SHN) upon entering Singapore, regardless of the passenger’s vaccination status. Such passengers will also no longer be subject to any COVID-19 testing, whether pre-departure or in Singapore. Similarly, every flight into Singapore may carry unvaccinated passengers.
As of 9 February 2023, there are no countries/regions in the Restricted Category.
All travellers must submit their Singapore Arrival Card (SGAC) (Opens an external website in a new tab) within 3 days before arrival in Singapore. If passengers have not submitted their SGAC before departure, air operators should advise them to do so to facilitate a smooth arrival process in Singapore.
Please note that there are no fees for completing the SGAC online.
To avoid tests and quarantine, travellers must fulfil the public health requirements. Travellers who cannot meet the public health requirements and refuse any test(s) and/or quarantine may be turned away from Singapore.
Yellow fever vaccination:
If you have visited any country at risk of Yellow Fever transmission (Opens an external website in a new tab) in the past six days before arrival in Singapore, you must present an International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever.
Travellers who can’t present a yellow fever vaccination certificate must quarantine for up to six days on arrival. Quarantine also applies to those who are ineligible to receive the vaccination e.g., children aged one year and below and individuals with contraindications.
Travel from south africa.
Check in will close promptly 60 minutes before departure to ensure on time departures.
The use of masks is not mandatory.
COVID-19 testing and vaccination are no longer required for travel to Sri Lanka.
Wearing of face masks is optional.
Sri Lankan nationals / dual citizens who are travelling on Sri Lankan passports / Sri Lanka emergency travel document holders are allowed entry into Sri Lanka.
Foreign nationals are allowed entry to Sir Lanka if they have any of the following documents:
- Approved Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) (Opens an external website in a new tab)
- Landing endorsement
- Residence visa
Visa on arrival is also available except for nationals of Afghanistan, Cameroon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan and Syria, who must have an approved Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) in advance to be accepted for travel to Sri Lanka.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Sudan. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Sweden. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to Switzerland. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
From 13 October 2022, there are changes to quarantine policies
Masks are required on-board and at the airport in your destination.
Effective 29 September 2022, visa exemptions for eligible countries are reinstated:
- Nationals of the following countries can stay in Taiwan for up to 90 days without a visa: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Chile, Denmark, Estonia, Eswatini*, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras*, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Israel, Japan*, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Island*, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia*(effective till March 31, 2025), Norway, Nicaragua, Palau, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Republic of Korea, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tuvalu*, the United Kingdom, the United States of America*,and Vatican City State.
- Nationals of the following countries can stay in Taiwan for up to 30 days without a visa: Belize*, Dominican Republic, Malaysia, Nauru, St. Kitts and Nevis*, Saint Lucia*, Saint Vincent, Singapore and the Grenadines.
- Nationals of the kingdom of Thailand (effective until 31 July 2023, except those holding diplomatic or official/service passports, can stay in Taiwan for up to 14 days without a visa.
- Nationals of Brunei (effective until 31 July 2023), except those holding diplomatic or official/ service passports, can stay in Taiwan for up to 14 days without a visa. Those holding a Brunei Certificate of Identity can also stay in Taiwan for up to 14 days without a visa.
- Nationals of Philippines (effective until 31 July 2023), except those holding diplomatic or official/service passports, can stay in Taiwan for up to 14 days without a visa.
- Travellers entering Taiwan visa-free should have a passport valid for at least six months from the day of arrival and a confirmed return ticket and a visa for their next destination.
- Transfer passengers do not require a COVID-19 PCR test certificate to transfer in Taipei (TPE), but they must meet the COVID-19 testing requirements of their final destination.
- Transfers to cities in China, except Hong Kong and Macao, are not allowed.
- Connecting flights should not be low-cost carriers and the carrier must have ground handling agreements with Emirates.
Transfers to cities in China, except Hong Kong and Macao, are not allowed.
Requirements for travel from a specific origin
Transfers from cities in China, except Hong Kong and Macao, are not allowed.
From 13 October 2022, arriving travellers will no longer be required to make a health declaration on the Quarantine System for Entry before arrival and to have a mobile phone with a Taiwanese number.
Arriving travellers will no longer be required to quarantine and will instead undergo a seven-day period of ‘self-initiated prevention’ after arrival.
Testing measures are listed below:
- Four rapid test kits will be given to arriving travellers aged 2 and above on arrival.
- On the day of arrival (day 0) or the first day (day 1) of the self-initiated prevention period.
- Arriving travellers must produce a negative result within two days before going out during the seven-day self-initiated prevention period.
- If symptoms develop during this period.
The test results will not be recorded. Arriving travellers should follow the Self-initiated Prevention Guidelines if they test positive with a rapid test.
In consideration of the age limit on who can use at-home rapid test kits, children under two years of age will not be required to take rapid tests during the self-initiated prevention period.
In line with the Civil Aeronautics Administration of Taiwan notice issued on 14 June 2022 and according to the order of the Central Epidemic Command Centre for Severe Special Infectious Pneumonia, the number of weekly inbound arrivals will be controlled from 15 June. The Taiwanese Government requires compliance with the law to carry limited numbers of inbound passengers. The affected passengers are advised to contact the Central Epidemic Command Centre for details.
There are no longer any COVID‑19 entry restrictions for travel to Tanzania. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
There are no longer any COVID 19 entry restrictions for travel to Thailand. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms. There are, however, changes to the requirements for travel to Thailand from India and China.
Wearing face masks is not mandatory but recommended during your flight and stay in Thailand.
Passengers connecting on an international flight from Bangkok
The passenger’s booking should include the connecting flight detail.
Thai and non-Thai nationals must complete all the requirements of their final destination.
Passengers travelling from yellow fever endemic
Yellow fever endemic countries are:
Africa : Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d’ Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda
South America : Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
Passengers travelling from the 42 counties specified must present a yellow fever vaccine certificate in electronic health declaration form (T.8) at Thai Health Pass (Opens an external website in a new tab) . The QR code you receive upon completing the form is valid for a maximum of 3 days from your date of entry. This QR code will be no expire for Thai nationals and air crew.
Non-Thai passengers travelling from a country that requires pre-departure testing must have health insurance to be accepted for travel to Thailand. From 10 January 2023, passengers travelling from the following countries require health insurance for travel:
The insurance must cover the duration of their stay in Thailand plus an additional 7 days from their planned date of departure. Insurance must not be less than USD 10,000 and cover treatment for COVID-19 related costs. Passengers travelling to Thailand for business or as students can present a letter from their host or other form of insurance covering the same for the duration of their stay. Proof of funds such as a guarantee letter from the organization or authority, Thai Social Security Fund card, etc. will also be accepted.
The following categories of passengers are exempt from the health insurance requirement:
- Thai nationals, including dual citizens if they can present proof of nationality, such as a Thai passport or identification card
- Flight deck and cabin crew
- Transit or transfer passengers who will not be leaving the transit area of the airport for the duration of their transit period
There are no requirements for COVID-19 testing for travel to Thailand. However, passengers who present COVID-19 symptoms while travelling will be advised to test on arrival.
Nationalities who are eligible for travel to Tunisia can now be accepted for travel, including nationalities who are eligible for visa on arrival services.
Passengers will be accepted based on meeting all requirements.
All non-resident passengers are required to have a return ticket. All non Tunisian residents (holding valid residence cards) are not required to have a return ticket.
Visa on arrival must be pre approved with an application submitted by the sponsor to Immigration HQ in Tunisia.
Travel from Tunisia
All passengers except Libyan nationals who are transiting through Tunisia to Libya should have an OK TO BOARD to be accepted on Emirates flights.
All passengers are advised to arrive at check in 4 hours before departure with all the correct documents required for their destination of travel.
Documents must be printed and soft copies will not be accepted.
Check in counters will close 90 minutes prior to departure.
The boarding gate will open 60 minutes prior to departure.
Passengers are no longer required to undergo COVID-19 testing before travelling to Uganda.
Visa on arrival services in Uganda are suspended for majority of countries.
All travellers holding ordinary passports from countries whose citizens are required to have visas to enter Uganda will be required to apply for visas online (Opens an external website in a new tab) prior to travel, and will receive an approved notification that they must print and carry with them as travel authorisation.
Exempted countries are:
- Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Burundi, Comoros, Cuba, Cyprus, Eritrea, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Island, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Travel from Uganda
Before you travel from Uganda, check the rules for travelling to, from or transiting through Dubai.
Proof of vaccination may still be required for travel from Uganda, depending on the entry requirements of the country you will be visiting. Passengers are advised to bring proof of vaccination with them when travelling.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to the UK. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Visit the official website for more information.
Please also read the latest guidance for people with COVID 19 and their contacts.
Travel from the United Kingdom
Before you travel from the UK, check the rules for travelling to, from or transiting through Dubai (Opens page in the same tab) from your point of origin.
Proof of vaccination may still be required for travelling abroad from the UK, depending on the entry requirements of the country you will be visiting. Passengers are advised to bring proof of vaccination with them when travelling.
Emirates has partnered with the following providers in the UK to offer you special COVID-19 testing rates:
Concepto Clinic, Randox
Find out more about our partners, the tests and special rates available (Opens a PDF in a new tab) .
Before planning your trip to the UK, you must check the rules for transiting via Dubai from the countries you have visited.
If you are travelling between countries with different rules, you need to follow the most restrictive requirements.
This means that rules that are not otherwise mandated by the UK government for entry may therefore apply to your trip. This can include the following:
- Passengers who have been in or transited through certain countries may not be permitted to enter or transit via Dubai.
- Passengers transiting via Dubai from certain countries may be required to provide a valid negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate for a test conducted at an approved facility within a defined number of hours before departure from their origin, regardless of vaccinated status. This can also include a second PCR test performed at the airport of origin only a few hours before departure.
There are no longer any COVID-19 entry restrictions for travel to VIetnam. This includes requirements for testing, vaccination, quarantine and entry forms.
Masks are optional on board but must be worn at the airport in your destination.
Travellers must fill out a traveller’s health declaration form and present it on arrival in Zambia.
There are changes to travel eligibility and the COVID-19 testing and vaccination requirements.
Passengers will be accepted for travel if they have a vaccination certificate or a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate for a test taken not more than 48 hours before departure for Zimbabwe.
Passengers who do not present a valid vaccination certificate or negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate will not be accepted for travel.
Passengers who are not fully vaccinated must have a valid negative COVID-19 PCR test taken not more than 48 hours from the time of departure for Zimbabwe. Children below 12 years old are exempt from the pre-departure COVID-19 testing requirement.
Returning residents who do not present a valid negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate or a vaccination certificate will be required tested for COVID-19 on arrival at their own cost.
Fully vaccinated passengers are not required to take a pre-departure COVID-19 PCR test.
All vaccines will be accepted as long as you have received all the required doses before travel.
Passengers must complete the health declaration form (Opens a PDF in a new tab) and the data entry form (Opens a PDF in a new tab) .
Returning residents who do not present a valid negative PCR test certificate will be required to quarantine for 10 days at their own expense.
Tourists who do not present a valid negative PCR test certificate will be denied entry.
Travel from Zimbabwe
All passengers travelling from Zimbabwe except children below 12 years old must have a valid negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate issued not more than 48 hours before departure or must be fully vaccinated and have a vaccination certificate.
- COVID-19 information hub
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- Passports, travel and living abroad
- Travel abroad
- Foreign travel advice
Warnings and insurance
This travel advice page also covers the Vatican City.
The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office ( FCDO ) provides advice about risks of travel to help British nationals make informed decisions. Find out more about FCDO travel advice .
Before you travel
No travel can be guaranteed safe. Read all of the advice in this guide and and any specific travel advice that applies to you:
- women travellers
- disabled travellers
- LGBT+ travellers
Follow FCDO travel on, Twitter , Facebook and Instagram . You can also sign up to get email notifications when this advice is updated.
If you choose to travel, research your destinations and get appropriate travel insurance . Insurance should cover your itinerary, planned activities, and expenses in an emergency.
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- Our Ministers
If you’re travelling to Italy, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information.
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
Safety and Security
Local laws and customs, additional information, embassy contact.
Latest Travel Alert
Extreme temperatures are currently affecting many areas of Italy. For information on the most affected areas and how to take care in the heat visit the website of the Italian Ministry of Health (in Italian only).
For more information on heatwave, please see the Health tab.
General Travel Advice
Irish citizens need a valid passport or passport card to enter Italy.
Irish passports do not have a minimum validity requirement while travelling to the UK or within the EU. When travelling within Europe with an Irish passport, it should be valid for the duration of your stay.
Irish citizens do not require a visa to enter Italy. However, if you are staying for longer than three months, you are advised to register your presence with the local municipality as a resident.
Visitors to Italy are advised to follow the guidance of national and local authorities and stay fully informed of what's going on by monitoring local news and social media.
Citizens can also follow the Embassy on social media (Twitter: @IrlEmbRome and Facebook ) to ensure access to any relevant updates and alerts.
Individuals in Italy are required by law to have government ID in their possession at all times. This may be required including when checking into hotels or private accommodation, as well as for entry to sports and other entertainment events. The Embassy recommends that you keep your passport in a safe place, and carry another form of ID, or a photocopy of your passport, with you while moving around Italy.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the emergency services in Italy by dialling 112 Specific emergency numbers are:
- Police: 113
- Fire brigade: 115
- Ambulance: 118
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Get comprehensive travel insurance that covers all your planned activities
- Get a European Health Insurance Card
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
Safety and security
The political situation in Italy is stable but public demonstrations can occur frequently, especially in the centres of major cities where tourists are likely to find themselves. They are usually well organised and rarely, if ever, turn violent. However, you should avoid them and exercise common sense if in the vicinity of large public gatherings.
Always keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser.
Although the threat from terrorism in Italy is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreigners. Currently the Italian Government has assessed the level of the threat of a terrorist attack in Italy as “medium/high” (level 2). Visitors to Italy, especially in the larger cities such as Rome and Milan, may see an increased police presence and security checks. This should not impact tourists particularly but you should exercise ordinary caution and follow the security advice of the local authorities.
Crime remains relatively low in Italy but you should take sensible precautions:
- Incidents of tourists’ vehicles being broken into and the vehicle’s contents being stolen have increased in recent months. Irish citizens are advised not to leave any valuables, including their passports, in vehicles that are unattended.
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home.
- Be aware that petty crime (pick pocketing, bag snatching etc.) is common, particularly on public transport and in tourist areas. Vigilance should be paid to personal belongings in train stations (particularly Termini Station in Rome), in the public areas of the airports, at all tourist sites and when using bus, metro or tram services, including when unloading baggage from coaches travelling to and from the airports. Personal safety
- We have been made aware of an increasing number of incidents recently where travellers have been drugged through substances being placed in drinks, and subsequently robbed of money, credit cards and mobile telephones. We recommend you exercise vigilance in bars, and be wary of drinks offered by strangers in night spots and areas where tourists congregate in the evenings.
Many parts of Italy lie on a major seismic fault line. Minor tremors and earthquakes are a frequent occurrence, particularly in the central regions of Italy.
Earthquakes measuring between 5 and 6 on the Richter scale hit the Marche, Umbria and Lazio regions of Italy in August 2016, with over 2,500 aftershocks in the subsequent weeks. 297 deaths and over 300 serious injuries were treated in the areas around the epicentre, with significant damage to a number of towns including Norcia, Amatrice and Accumoli, and damage to tourist sites and historic monuments as far away as Rome. Areas of the provinces affected are still considered unsafe, given the extensive damage to property and infrastructure.
Further information (in Italian) can be found on the following websites:
www.provincia.fe.it ; www.provincia.modena.it ; www.provincia.re.it .
Visitors to Venice should note that parts of Venice are liable to flooding at certain times of year, especially in late autumn and early spring.
If you are visiting a ski resort you should take advice on weather and avalanche conditions before you travel and familiarise yourself with local skiing laws and regulations.
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Visitors to Italy should be aware that alcoholic spirits are usually sold in significantly larger measures in bars and restaurants than in Ireland.
Whilst Italians will normally drink wine with their meals, there’s a cultural taboo and intolerance regarding public intoxication and in particular anti-social behaviour as a result of excessive alcohol consumption.
In cities such as Florence and Venice, you should observe notices regarding public conduct. In certain areas, near churches and in some piazzas, eating and sitting on steps or monuments is forbidden. Churches and other places of worship, including St Peters’ Basilica, require visitors to dress modestly.
Tourists should be aware that bathing in fountains is prohibited at all times.
Getting married in Italy
All Irish citizens wishing to marry in Italy must obtain a nulla osta (a certificate of freedom to marry). More information on how to apply is available on our website in the Travel section.
If you’re planning to drive in Italy, you should exercise caution as traffic can be faster-paced than in Ireland and driving customs are different. In cities and towns, the widespread use of motorbikes and mopeds require drivers to be extra alert and cautious.
If you want to drive:
•Bring your full Irish or international driving licence and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
•If you are driving and Irish registered car ensure that it is fully insured and carry your logbook, proof of insurance and NCT certificate (if appropriate)
•Be aware when turning right at junctions, even if there is a green signal, pedestrians crossing the road into which one is turning have precedence
•All drivers are required to wear a reflective vest and to use a reflective triangle warning sign if they need to stop at the roadside
•Dipped headlights must be used at all times when driving on the motorways (Autostrada) and major roads
Restricted Access to Italian city centres
Many Italian city centres operate restricted driving zones to which only cars with permits have access. Fines will be issued to all cars entering this zone without a permit. The boundaries of such restricted areas will be marked by signs stating “ZTL” (Zona Traffico Limitato / Limited Traffic Zone).
As signage can be limited, it may not always be clear if a restricted zone is in operation. In addition, car license plates are read electronically so you may not be aware that you have incurred a fine until you receive notification via post some months later.
Tourists are advised to seek local advice on whether restricted traffic zones are in operation, and to respect all regulations. If your hotel is in the centre of the city concerned, you may be able to obtain a temporary pass for that city; please contact your hotel for further details.
Fines for road traffic offences
Fines may be issued up to one year after the offence was committed and can be increased if they are not then paid within 60 days. The Italian Highway Code also makes provision for a number of “on the spot” fines. If you’re unable to pay, the fine will be sent to your home address and may be increased.
The authority responsible for the Italian motorway system provides useful information on its website in English.
Pedestrians should remember that traffic will be coming from the opposite direction to traffic in Ireland. They should pay particular heed to the additional danger at night when walking along roads without a proper pavement and when crossing roads even at a designated crossing place.
Most pedestrian crossings are not controlled by signals, but rather are similar to zebra-crossings in Ireland. However drivers, especially on motorbikes and mopeds, sometimes do not respect these, so particular care should be taken.
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged). You should also carry your rental contract at all times.
Taxis in Italy are licensed, with clearly marked signage. They run on a meter, and a list of supplementary charges (late hours, luggage etc) will be listed inside. Airports and seaports often attract unlicensed drivers posing as taxis, which should be avoided as they will generally overcharge tourists. We recommend that only official taxis be hired.
Please be aware that when you call for a taxi, the meter starts running the minute the taxi is dispatched to your location. So, for example, if the taxi dispatcher or recording tells you that “Taxi X” is arriving in 5 minutes, you should know that there will be 5 minutes’ worth of fare on the meter when it arrives.
For your safety, never get into a taxi when the driver is already accompanied or agree to the driver picking up another person.
Major cities also have a number of chauffeur companies, which often offer transfer from the airport to the centre and vice versa at competitive prices. Ask at your hotel for further details.
The local Roman authorities have set a flat fare of €30 for journeys to and from Ciampino airport and the centre of Rome (within the Aurelian Walls) and €48 for journeys to and from Fumincino airport and the centre of Rome (within the Aurelian Walls). Before travelling to Rome, check whether your hotel is located in area covered by this agreement. No further charges should be made for luggage, extra passengers etc.
Buses, trains, trams and the metro all require valid tickets. These must be purchased in advance and validated in a validating machine either in the station or on the bus/tram. Failure to have a valid (and validated) ticket will result in an on-the-spot fine of around €50 to €60 per person. Inspectors will make no exceptions for tourists.
Tickets can often be purchased in small cafés, especially those, which also sell cigarettes (look out for the blue T sign which signifies Tabaccheria (Tobacco shop).
Public Transport strikes occur relatively frequently in Italy, with reduced services or complete suspension. They are generally advertised in advance, and tourists should keep informed of possible strikes and how these may impact on their plans.
High temperatures can be dangerous. Know the symptoms of dehydration and heatstroke. If you are in an affected area:
• stay indoors or in the shade during midday hours;
• stay hydrated;
• carry a sufficient water supply;
• monitor local media for information on heat warnings.
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
European Health Insurance Card
As an Irish resident you are entitled to get healthcare through the public system in countries of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland if you become ill or injured while on a temporary stay there. Ensure that you get or renew your EHIC (the new name for the E111) before you go, and remember, you need one for every person travelling in your group.
Apply for your EHIC and find out more information .
The EHIC is not a substitute for proper travel insurance provided by a reputable insurer. It doesn’t cover medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment or treatment of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may not accept the EHIC, so you should check with the hospital administrator beforehand.
Irish citizens will not need any vaccinations for Italy. If you fall ill whilst in Italy and require further advice on how to access healthcare, please contact the Embassy.
The Embassy operates a weekend out-of-hours service for Irish citizens requiring emergency assistance. If you are in need of emergency assistance, please ring the Embassy at (+39) 06 5852 381 and leave a message on the answering machine.
Embassy of Ireland Villa Spada Via Giacomo Medici 1-00153 Roma Italy
Tel: +39 06 585 2381 Fax: +39 06 581 3336
Monday – Friday 9:15am to 1:00pm & 2:15pm to 5:30pm Attendance at the Embassy’s public office is currently by appointment only. If you need to attend the Embassy’s public office, please click “Email us” below in order to make an appointment.
Honorary Consulate Contact
Ms. Antonietta Marsaglia Honorary Consul General of Ireland Piazza S. Pietro in Gessate 2 20122 Milano Italy
Tel: +39 02 551 87569 Fax: +39 02 551 87570
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.
Contact our Embassy in Rome for assistance
Know Before You Go
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- The President of the Council of Ministers
- The Government
- The Presidency of the Council of Ministers
Covid-19: travel information
Considering the epidemiological situation, Italy has foreign travel restrictions in place depending on where you are travelling from/to.
An interactive questionnaire is available from https://infocovid.viaggiaresicuri.it to check the rules currently in force regarding travel to and from Italy.
Please find below a list of other useful web pages:
- Covid-19 Information for travellers
- Information for Italian nationals returning to Italy and foreigners in Italy
- Information from Embassies and Consulates
- Useful information for travellers on the ‘Viaggiare sicuri’ website
Exercise normal safety precautions in Italy.
Italy (PDF 898.97 KB)
Europe (PDF 2.62 MB)
Local emergency contacts
Fire and rescue services.
Call 112 or 115.
Call 112 or 118.
Call 112 or 113.
European Emergency number
- Petty crime is common. Be aware of pickpockets and bag snatchers at tourist spots and on transport, particularly at central train stations. Thieves often work in groups on trains. Take care of your belongings.
- Bombings against political targets happen. Avoid protests and crowds. Monitor local news.
- Always be alert to terrorism. Terrorists have targeted European cities, including transport hubs and places visited by travellers. Take official warnings seriously.
- Italy experiences earthquakes and volcanic activity. Large earthquakes cause landslides and avalanches. Forest fires are common from June to September. Monitor the media and follow the advice of local authorities.
Full travel advice: Safety
- If you need urgent medical assistance, call 112. English-speaking operators are available.
- Medical facilities are good in major cities and limited in rural areas.
- Australia has a Reciprocal Health Care Agreement with Italy. You can get treated in public medical facilities if you show your Medicare card and Australian passport. You still need travel insurance.
Full travel advice: Health
- You may be fined for littering, sitting, eating or drinking near churches and public buildings or in public spaces. Obey signs about conduct.
- Organised pub crawls are banned in some cities, including Rome.
- It's illegal to take photos of official buildings and military areas. Check with local authorities first.
- Don't buy fake brands and products from illegal street vendors. It's against the law.
Full travel advice: Local laws
- From 21 October, temporary border checks have been introduced at Italy's borders with Slovenia. You should allow extra time for crossing the land border between Italy and Slovenia.
- Italy is part of the Schengen area with many other European countries, meaning you can enter Italy without a visa in some cases.
- Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. You should contact the nearest embassy or consulate of Italy for the latest details.
- Protests and strikes cause building closures, transport delays, and cancellations.
Full travel advice: Travel
- The Consular Services Charter details what we can and can't do to help you overseas.
- For consular help, contact the Australian Embassy in Rome or the Consulate-General in Milan.
- To stay up to date with local information, follow the embassy's social media accounts.
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Petty crime is common, particularly in the summer and autumn tourist seasons. It includes bag snatching, pick-pocketing, passport theft and theft from cars.
Thieves are most active:
- in larger cities
- in and around major tourist spots
- on public transport
- at major airports
- at railway stations and bus terminals
- at beaches (including cars parked near beaches)
- at hotel reception areas
To reduce the risk of theft:
- take care of your belongings
- remain alert in tourist spots
- avoid walking in quiet and poorly lit streets, especially at night
Monitor local sources for advice about new safety or security risks.
Theft on trains
Theft is common on trains, including to and from Fiumicino airport near Rome and on overnight journeys.
Thieves often work in groups to distract victims and rob them while they're not looking.
On trains, they do this by:
- asking for directions while a train is stopped at a station
- dropping attractive items on the floor of the train
- blocking the view of overhead luggage racks
- throwing rubbish or sauce at the victim
Often, a member of the group will pretend to come to help the victim while others steal their valuables.
Check the Italian Public Security System site Polizia Di Stato for advice on how to avoid theft on trains.
Fraud and fake money
Credit card and ATM fraud happens, often involving 'skimming' machines. Monitor your bank statements.
To protect yourself from fraud:
- use ATMs in secure places, such as banks, shops and shopping centres
- keep your ATM and credit cards in sight
Police have warned that counterfeit European currency is in circulation. Check any notes you receive.
Spiking, robbery and assault
Tourists have been robbed and assaulted after consuming spiked food or drinks. This has happened in cities and towns, including Rome, Milan, Florence and Naples.
Some victims have been sexually assaulted or needed hospitalisation.
In Rome, many incidents have taken place:
- around Termini station
- in tourist areas, such as the Colosseum
- in bars and restaurants in the city centre
In Milan, such attacks happen in bars, nightclubs and other late-night venues.
In Florence and Naples, these attacks happen mainly near train stations and in bars and cafes in the city centres.
To protect yourself from drink spiking:
- never accept drinks from strangers
- don't leave food or drinks unattended
- stick with people you trust in bars and nightclubs
- Partying safely
Theft from cars
Vehicle break-in and theft is common. Many Australians have had belongings, including passports and other valuables, stolen from their parked cars.
Thieves steal from cars at traffic lights, rest stops, service stations and on the roadside.
Lock your car doors and keep luggage and valuables out of sight.
There are reports of thieves slashing tyres or staging roadside emergencies. They aim to persuade drivers to pull over and get out of their cars. While the driver is distracted, the thieves steal personal belongings.
Popular targets for thieves are unattended campervans or mobile homes either:
- parked at camping sites
- in the streets near historic sites
To reduce your risk of theft from your vehicle:
- don't leave valuables in your vehicle
- when you leave your vehicle, lock all doors
- try to use a secure parking facility, especially overnight
You may be at risk of cyber-based threats during overseas travel to any country. Digital identity theft is a growing concern. Your devices and personal data can be compromised, especially if you're connecting to Wi-Fi, using or connecting to shared or public computers, or Bluetooth.
Commenting on local or political events on social media can also be risky in destinations where there are social or political tensions, including commenting on laws that may seem unreasonable by Australian standards.
- Cyber security when travelling overseas
Civil unrest and political tension
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent and spark violent unrest, demonstrations and riots.
To protect yourself from violence and unrest:
- avoid crowds and protests if you can
- monitor local media for possible unrest
- follow the advice of local authorities
- Demonstrations and civil unrest
Strikes are common.
They can cause building closures, particularly in tourist areas. They can also disrupt public transport, including air, shipping, train, bus, tram and taxi services.
Strikes may involve roadblocks and petrol station closures and can cause transport delays and cancellations.
Trenitalia (Italian) gives details on train disruptions. Call 89 20 21 in Italy or +39 0668745475 from outside Italy.
To avoid transport delays or missing flights:
- confirm flights or travel with your travel provider
- allow plenty of time for travel to airports and train stations
Some violence occurs due to domestic social or political issues.
Bombings have occurred. Bombers have targeted:
- Italian police
- the offices of well-known politicians
- government institutions
- public and commercial buildings
While there have been no recent terrorist attacks in Italy, they can still happen.
In recent years, terrorists have staged attacks in several European cities. Targets have included public transport, transport hubs, and places frequented by foreigners.
European security services have also disrupted some planned attacks in recent years.
The Italian Government has reported that Italy is a potential target for international terrorist attacks.
Security measures are in place in and around major tourist attractions, including:
- the Vatican
- on cruise ships
- at airports, seaports and railway stations
To protect yourself from terrorism:
- be alert to possible threats, especially in public places
- take care around areas terrorists tend to target
- monitor the media for new threats
- take official warnings seriously
Report suspicious activity or items to the police.
If there's an attack, leave the area as soon as it's safe. Avoid the affected area in case of secondary attacks.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Climate and natural disasters
Italy experiences natural disasters and severe weather .
In the event of a natural disaster:
- monitor the media
- keep in touch with friends and family
- check the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System for updates
Forest fires often occur during summer, usually from June to September. They tend to happen in heavily forested regions. Wildfires can reach major towns during extreme conditions.
Forest fires can be unpredictable and dangerous. They can affect air quality in a way that harms your health.
Monitor the media for updates and follow the advice of local authorities. Visit the Italian Civil Protection Authority website for more information.
Storms and flooding
Heavy winter rains often cause widespread flooding and mudslides.
The areas most often affected are:
- the Veneto, Piedmont and Liguria regions in the north
- the Calabria and Sicily regions in the south
Flooding and mudslides can result in loss of life, destruction of property and evacuation of inhabitants.
Italy is in an active seismic region and has several earthquakes each year.
Large earthquakes can cause landslides and avalanches. This can result in injuries, death and damage to infrastructure, homes and property.
When travelling in Italy, find out your hotel's earthquake procedure.
If there's been seismic activity in the area you're in or going to, check with your airline or travel provider about disruptions.
- Civil Protection authority
- European Avalanche Warning Service
Italy has active volcanoes . These include:
- Mount Etna in Sicily
- Mount Stromboli and Mount Vulcano in the Aeolian Islands chain north of Sicily
Volcanic activity can cause travel disruptions, including temporary airport closures.
Fatalities have occurred from volcanic eruptions.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.
- what activities and care your policy covers
- that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away
Physical and mental health
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
- have a basic health check-up
- ask if your travel plans may affect your health
- plan any vaccinations you need
Do this at least eight weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare or the welfare of another Australian call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location .
- General health advice
- Healthy holiday tips (Healthdirect Australia)
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Italy. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
- what the medication is
- your required dosage
- that it's for personal use
Italy has experienced outbreaks of measles (World Health Organization). Make sure your vaccinations are up to date before you travel.
- Measles immunisation service
West Nile virus (WNV) (World Health Organization) cases have been reported. There's no vaccine for it.
To reduce your risk of insect-borne disease:
- make sure your accommodation is insect-proof
- use insect repellent
- wear long, loose, light-coloured clothing
Other health risks:
- COVID-19 (Australian Department of Health and Aged Care)
- Italian National Response (Italian Civil Protection Agency)
Medical facilities in major cities are of good standard. In regional areas, facilities may be limited.
Reciprocal Health Care Agreement
There's a Reciprocal Health Care Agreement between Australia and Italy.
Under this agreement, you can get care in Italian public medical facilities if:
- you have a sudden acute illness or accident
- your illness or accident happens in your first six months in Italy
To access care under this agreement, you must provide your Medicare card and Australian passport.
The Reciprocal Health Care Agreement doesn't replace the need for private travel health insurance.
It also doesn't cover treatment for ongoing health conditions you already had when you arrived.
Private medical care
Private doctors, specialists and diagnostic services will ask you to pay up-front.
Private hospitals generally require a large deposit before they will start treatment.
You're subject to local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter . But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and can include long jail sentences.
- Carrying or using drugs
Conduct at tourist spots
Pay attention to signs about conduct around tourist areas in major cities, including Rome and Florence.
Officials may fine you for littering, sitting, eating or drinking on steps and courtyards around churches and public buildings or in public spaces in these cities.
Some cities, including Rome, have banned:
- organised pub crawls
- drinking on the street
- drinking in public places
Police have arrested Australians for disturbing the peace under these laws.
It's illegal to:
- block the pedestrian flow in public spaces
- drive without headlights on main roads outside urban areas or on highways - see Local travel
- buy fake brands and products from illegal street vendors
If you want to take a photo of an official building or military area, check with local authorities first.
The owner will ask you for a photo ID if you use an internet cafe. The law requires them to sight and keep an electronic record of their clients' photo ID.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Staying within the law and respecting customs
Dual nationality is recognised in Italy.
Visas and border measures
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government doesn't set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid long enough, consider getting a new passport .
Lost or stolen passport
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
- In Australia, contact the Australian Passport Information Service .
- If you're overseas, contact the nearest Australian embassy or consulate .
Passport with 'X' gender identifier
Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can't guarantee that a passport showing an 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for six months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than six months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport .
- In Australia, contact the Australian Passport Information Service .
- If you're overseas, contact the nearest Australian embassy or consulate .
Passport with ‘X’ gender identifier
Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can’t guarantee that a passport showing 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.
The official currency of Italy is the euro (EUR).
You must declare amounts over 10,000 euro or equivalent if you're travelling between Italy and any non-European Union (EU) country, including all forms of currency, not just cash.
You don't need to declare cash if you're travelling to or from another EU country.
You'll be fined if you don't declare currency or give incorrect information on entry or exit.
ATMs are widely available across the country. Hotels, restaurants and shops accept international credit cards.
If you're not a resident, you'll need both:
- an Australian driver's licence
- an International Drivers Permit (IDP) or an official translation of the Australian licence
You must get your IDP before leaving Australia.
You must get an official translator (traduttore giurato) to translate your licence in Italy. Find a list of official translators in the Italian Yellow Pages .
If you take up legal residence (residenza) and stay more than 1 year, you must apply for an Italian licence. Italy doesn't allow you to convert your Australian licence, meaning you'll have to take written and driving exams in Italian. You can do the exam in German or French in some cases.
Contact an Italian embassy or consulate to find out about obtaining an Italian driver's licence.
Driving can be dangerous. Driving conditions are disorganised compared to Australia.
By law, you must use headlights on main roads outside urban areas and highways, including during the day.
On-the-spot fines apply for some minor traffic offences.
Many municipalities have outsourced traffic fine collection to European Municipal Outsourcing (EMO).
- Driving or riding
Traffic restricted zones
Limits on car access to the city centres exist to help reduce traffic. They are traffic-restricted zones (ZTL). Be aware that:
- ZTLs and their hours of operation vary from city to city
- fines apply if cars don't carry a ZTL pass in a ZTL zone
- hire cars usually don't have a ZTL pass
If you're staying in the centre of an Italian city, ask your hotel or host about traffic restrictions. You can also check the website of the relevant municipality (comune) before you arrive.
Driving in summer and winter
You must use snow tyres or chains in some mountainous regions or areas where snow is common.
Road signs will indicate if they are mandatory.
Authorities may fine you if you don't have the right snow gear for your car.
In summer, only residents can take their cars to the islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida.
Travel by foot
Italy has regular pedestrian fatalities. Drivers often fail to give way to pedestrians, even though they have to under Italian law.
Take care when crossing roads, even at pedestrian crossings.
Check your insurance covers you when using a motorbike, quad bike or similar vehicle.
Always wear a helmet.
Only travel in licensed taxis with signage, roof lights and meters.
Unauthorised taxis don't carry meters and overcharge.
There are frequent strikes that cause delays and cancellations to public transport services. See Safety
Pre-paid tickets are available from tobacconists or coffee shops that display the public transport company's logo/name. They are also sometimes available for purchase through a smartphone app.
You'll find ticket machines at every metro and major train station.
In some cities, you may purchase a ticket using contactless card payment immediately upon boarding a bus.
When catching public transport, validate your ticket:
- before boarding a train or a metro
- on board a bus or tram as soon as you get on
If you don't, you could get an on-the-spot fine.
- Transport and getting around safely
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Italy's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
- family and friends
- travel agent
- insurance provider
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular help, contact:
Australian Embassy Rome
Via Antonio Bosio 5
00161 Rome, Italy
Phone: (+39 06) 85 2721
Fax: (+39 06) 85 272 300
Email: [email protected]
Facebook: Australian Embassy, Italy
Australian Consulate-General Milan
Via Borgogna 2
20122 Milan, Italy
Phone: (+39 02) 7767 4200
Fax: (39 02) 7767 4242
Email: [email protected]
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
24-hour Consular Emergency Centre
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
- +61 2 6261 3305 from overseas
- 1300 555 135 in Australia
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COVID-19: travel health notice for all travellers
Italy travel advice
Latest updates: The Health section was updated - travel health information (Public Health Agency of Canada)
Last updated: November 6, 2023 11:48 ET
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Safety and security, entry and exit requirements, laws and culture, natural disasters and climate, italy - take normal security precautions.
Take normal security precautions in Italy
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Petty crime such as pickpocketing and purse snatching occurs, and tourists are frequently targeted.
Organized groups of thieves often use distraction techniques and are particularly active:
- at tourist sites and attractions
- in hotels, restaurants and bars
- on public transportation
- at airports and railway stations
While you’re in Italy:
- ensure that your belongings, including your passport, are secure at all times
- don’t keep your passport and other types of ID at the same place and carry a photocopy rather than the original when you’re out
- avoid showing signs of affluence
- avoid carrying large sums of cash or unnecessary valuables
- pay attention to your surroundings, particularly in crowded and tourist areas
- be wary of unsolicited offers or advice from strangers
On the road
The theft of items from vehicles is common, and thieves often target rental cars. They may use distraction techniques or simulate accidents. Thefts can occur at gas stations, highway service areas, and parking lots.
Be especially vigilant when stopped at traffic lights. Thieves on scooters or on foot often snatch bags from passenger seats.
- Keep your windows and doors locked at all times
- Keep your belongings out of reach
- Use secure parking facilities, especially overnight
- Never leave belongings unattended in a vehicle, even in the trunk
On public transportation
Thefts on public transportation and passenger trains are common, particularly on those servicing major tourist sites, main cities and airports. Thieves will often steal your belongings while you’re asleep or distracted and may hassle or crowd you.
Keep your valuables secure and out of sight.
Home burglaries occur mainly in main cities and coastal areas and sometimes affect holiday rental accommodation.
Whether staying in private or commercial accommodation, make sure you lock windows and doors at night and when you are away.
Spiked food and drinks
Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum or cigarettes from new acquaintances. These items may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.
Victims of crime
If you are a victim of a theft, go to the nearest police station (Carabinieri or Polizia di Stato) to report it. Keep a copy of your report, as you may need it to make a claim to your insurance provider.
It’s possible to file a preliminary complaint online, in Italian, for certain types of minor crimes, such as theft of belongings. This could help speed up the process at the police station.
If you are a victim of sexual assault:
- seek medical assistance, whether or not you appear to have been physically harmed
- contact the local police immediately and ensure they file a report
- inform consular officials at the nearest Canadian embassy or consulate
- Online preliminary complaint - Arma dei Carabinieri (in Italian)
- Closest police station - Polizia di Stato, Italy’s national police (in Italian)
- Advice for women travellers
Credit card and ATM fraud
Credit card and ATM fraud occurs.
When using debit or credit cards:
- pay careful attention when others are handling your cards
- use ATMs located in public areas or inside a bank or business
- avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
- cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN
- check for any unauthorized transactions on your account statements
Cybercrime occurs. Criminals may compromise public Wi-Fi networks to steal credit card or personal information.
- Avoid using public Wi-Fi networks
- Avoid making purchases on unencrypted websites
- Be cautious when posting information on social media
- Be particularly vigilant when contacting or meeting individuals known over the internet
There is a threat of terrorism in Europe. Terrorists have carried out attacks in several European cities. Terrorist attacks could occur at any time.
Targets could include:
- government buildings, including schools
- places of worship
- airports and other transportation hubs and networks
- public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners
Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant if attending sporting events and during religious holidays and other public celebrations, as terrorists have used such occasions to mount attacks.
The Government of Italy maintains a public alert system on terrorism. Alert level changes are communicated mainly through local media. Enhanced security measures are also deployed in various strategic locations and transport hubs.
Expect an increased presence of police and military forces during holidays and in public places, including tourist locations and major landmarks.
Demonstrations and strikes
Demonstrations and strikes occur regularly, particularly in larger cities and often with little notice.
Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to significant disruptions to traffic and public transportation.
- Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
- Follow the instructions of local authorities
- Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations
- In case of a transportation strike, contact your provider or tour operator to make alternate arrangements
- Information on planned strike action - Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport (in Italian)
- More about mass gatherings (large-scale events)
Swimming and water activities
Coastal waters can be dangerous. Always take into account warning flags at beaches.
In the fall and winter months, be cautious when walking on the shore, as waves can be unpredictable, breaking further than expected and causing strong undertows.
- Avoid visiting beaches or coastal areas during periods of severe weather warnings
- Look out for signs warning of cliff erosion and falling rocks
- Don’t dive into unknown water, as hidden rocks or shallow depths can cause serious injury or death
- Exercise caution and follow the advice of local authorities
Water safety abroad
If you intend to go hiking, mountaineering or skiing:
- never do so alone
- consider hiring an experienced guide from a reputable company
- buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation
- ensure that your physical condition is good enough to meet the challenges of your activity
- ensure that you’re properly equipped
- stay informed about weather and other conditions that may pose a hazard
- inform a family member or friend of your itinerary
- know the symptoms of acute altitude sickness, which can be fatal
- obtain detailed information on trekking routes or ski slopes before setting out
- do not venture off marked trails or slopes
Information on avalanche risk - Meteomont, Arma dei Carabinieri
Stray dogs are common in certain areas.
Don’t approach or feed them as they could be aggressive.
Road conditions and road safety vary throughout the country.
City streets can be narrow and congested. Signage, traffic lights and road markings may not be visible, especially in the southern areas of the country.
In mountainous areas, roads are often winding and narrow. Weather conditions can make driving conditions dangerous. Avalanches or landslides can occur and block access routes to small isolated towns. In northern Italy, particularly in winter, fog can substantially reduce visibility.
Drivers do not always respect traffic laws. They may drive at excessive speeds and be reckless.
- Be cautious when using pedestrian crossings or where there are no sidewalks; drivers may not see you, especially where street lights are limited
- Pay close attention to motorcycles and electric scooters
- Monitor local news and weather forecast
- Refrain from driving during or immediately after severe storms
- Follow the advice and warnings issued by local authorities
The quality and availability of public transportation vary across the country.
In urban areas, buses can be over capacity during rush hours, impacting your transit time. Metro stations are sometimes closed for maintenance. Strike actions may also affect train service.
The inter-city train system is extensive, well-connected and reliable.
In Italy, drivers start the meter at the point of departure rather than at pick-up. Ride-sharing services are available but may operate differently.
Use only officially licensed taxis from a stand or requested by phone or app.
We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.
Information about foreign domestic airlines
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.
We have obtained the information on this page from the Italian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.
Verify this information with the Foreign Representatives in Canada .
- Schengen area
Italy is a Schengen area country. Canadian citizens do not need a visa for travel to countries within the Schengen area. However, visa-free travel only applies to stays of up to 90 days in any 180-day period. Stays are cumulative and include visits to any Schengen area country.
If you plan to stay in the Schengen area for a longer period of time, you will need a visa. You must contact the high commission or embassy of the country or countries you are travelling to and obtain the appropriate visa(s) prior to travel.
- Foreign Representatives in Canada
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.
Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.
Regular Canadian passport
Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond the date you expect to leave the Schengen area.
Passport for official travel
Different entry rules may apply.
Passport with “X” gender identifier
While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.
Other travel documents
Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.
- Foreign Representatives in Canada
- Canadian passports
Tourist visa: not required for stays up to 90 days in any 180-day period Business visa: not required for stays up 90 days Work visa: required Student visa: required
Information for foreign nationals - Polizia di Stato, Italy’s national police
Other entry requirements
Customs officials may ask you to show them a return or onward ticket and proof of sufficient funds to cover your stay.
Declaration of presence
If you plan to spend fewer than 90 days in Italy for visits, business, tourism or study, you don’t need to apply for a residence permit. However, you must report your presence in the country. Commercial accommodations will generally file the declaration on your behalf, but you are responsible for making sure it's done. Request a copy of this record.
If you’re staying in a non-commercial accommodation and:
- arriving from a Schengen country, you must file a declaration of presence with the local police office within 8 days of arrival
- arriving from a non-Schengen country, make sure border officials stamp your passport upon arrival, as this is the equivalent to a declaration of presence
Failure to comply with this regulation could result in expulsion.
Entering Italy - Polizia di Stato, Italy’s national police
Children and travel
Learn more about travelling with children .
Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).
Relevant Travel Health Notices
- Global Measles Notice - 31 August, 2023
- COVID-19 and International Travel - 31 August, 2023
This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.
Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.
Dengue in italy.
A higher than expected number of dengue cases are being reported in Italy. The largest ongoing outbreaks are occurring in the provinces of Lodi and Rome. In Rome, the majority of cases have been reported in the metropolitan city of Rome. For more information, visit the Italian Institute of Health .
Dengue is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. It can cause severe flu-like symptoms, and in a small percentage of people infected, the disease may progress to severe dengue, which can be fatal.
Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times to avoid getting dengue. The mosquitoes that spread dengue bite during the day and night. There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue.
If you develop symptoms similar to dengue when you are travelling or after you return, see a health care professional. Tell them where you have been travelling or living.
Be sure that your routine vaccinations , as per your province or territory , are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.
Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.
Pre-travel vaccines and medications
You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary.
Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
- There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
- Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
- Vaccination is not recommended.
* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
About Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada
Tick-borne encephalitis is present in some areas of this country.
It is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
It is spread to humans by the bite of infected ticks or when you consume unpasteurized milk products.
Vaccination should be considered for those who may be exposed to ticks during outdoor activities.
A vaccine against TBE does exist but is only available in countries where the disease is present.
Learn more on what you can do to prevent tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.
Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.
Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus. Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.
It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.
Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Get the flu shot.
In this destination, rabies may be present in some wildlife species, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal.
If you are bitten or scratched by an animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional.
Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who will be working directly with wildlife.
Safe food and water precautions
Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.
- Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
- Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
- Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs.
Insect bite prevention
Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:
- Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
- Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
- Minimize exposure to insects
- Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed
To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.
Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.
- In this country, risk of dengue is sporadic. It is a viral disease spread to humans by mosquito bites.
- Dengue can cause flu-like symptoms. In some cases, it can lead to severe dengue, which can be fatal.
- The level of risk of dengue changes seasonally, and varies from year to year. The level of risk also varies between regions in a country and can depend on the elevation in the region.
- Mosquitoes carrying dengue typically bite during the daytime, particularly around sunrise and sunset.
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites . There is no vaccine or medication that protects against dengue fever.
Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.
Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.
Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette , which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:
- washing your hands often
- avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
- avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) , HIV , and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.
Medical services and facilities
Good health care is available throughout the country. However, hospital services may be limited in rural areas and medical staff may not be able to communicate in English or French.
Medical treatment and emergency room visits are free of charge but only for life-threatening emergencies, as determined by the treating physician. Hospitals charge upfront for any convalescence or follow-up care.
There are also numerous private clinics and hospitals that cater to foreign travellers.
Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.
Travel health and safety
Keep in Mind...
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit , especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.
You must abide by local laws.
Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad .
Transfer to a Canadian prison
Canada and Italy are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Italy to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Italy authorities.
This process can take a long time, and there is no guarantee that the transfer will be approved by either or both sides.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs are severe. Convicted offenders can expect jail sentences or heavy fines.
- Drugs, alcohol and travel
Certain municipalities, particularly those with a high number of visitors, such as Rome, Florence and Venice, have adopted strict public conduct rules. Certain behaviours are illegal and may include:
- sitting, eating or drinking on a monument or an archaeological landmark
- bathing in fountains or canals
- walking in an urban setting in swimwear or without a shirt/T-shirt
- feeding the pigeons
- putting locks on bridges or monuments
- dropping litter or using single-use plastic
Comply with public notices about conduct, which are usually found in and around tourist areas in major cities. You may be fined if you fail to do so.
Buying counterfeit merchandise, such as sunglasses or purses, is illegal. You may receive heavy fines if you’re caught buying counterfeit merchandise.
Natural objects and flora
Removing pebbles, shells, or sand from the beaches in Sardinia and other coastal regions is prohibited.
In mountainous areas, it’s illegal to cut certain types of endangered flowers.
Avoid removing natural objects and flora from their natural setting. You could be fined if you do.
Photography of military installations and critical infrastructure is regulated.
Request permission from local authorities before taking photographs of such installations.
Recreational and commercial flying of drones is regulated.
You must register your drone to use it across the European Union. If you don’t comply, you may be fined and your drone confiscated.
- Civil drones - European Union Aviation Safety Agency
- Use of drones - Italian Civil Aviation Authority (in Italian)
Authorities may request to see your ID at any time.
- Carry valid identification or a photocopy of it at all times
- Keep a photocopy of your passport in case it’s lost or seized
Hotels and other commercial accommodation providers must provide the Italian authorities with personal details on their guests. As such, you’ll have to present a passport upon check-in.
Wait at the reception until the hotel staff has taken the required from your passport.
Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Italy.
If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Italy, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements .
Travellers with dual citizenship
International Child Abduction
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. The convention applies between Canada and Italy.
If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Italy, and if the applicable conditions are met, you may apply for the return of your child to the Italian court.
If you are in this situation:
- act as quickly as you can
- contact the Central Authority for your province or territory of residence for information on starting an application under The Hague Convention
- consult a lawyer in Canada and in Italy to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
- report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre
If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.
Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.
- List of Canadian Central Authorities for the Hague Convention
- International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents
- Travelling with children
- The Hague Convention - Hague Conference on Private International Law
- Canadian embassies and consulates by destination
- Emergency Watch and Response Centre
You may drive for up to one year with a valid Canadian driver’s licence and an international driving permit or a certified translation of your Canadian licence.
You must also have an international car insurance plan.
If driving a foreign car, an adhesive sticker indicating country of origin must be displayed on the back of the car. It’s illegal to drive a vehicle registered abroad for more than 60 days. If you plan to stay in Italy for more than 60 days, you must obtain Italian plates.
Vehicles must be equipped with safety equipment, including a warning triangle and reflective jacket.
Local authorities may request immediate cash payment for minor traffic violations.
Limited traffic zones and low-emission zones
Historic centres of many Italian cities have restricted traffic zones marked as ZTL, which stands for “Zona Traffico Limitato”, or low-emission zones, to reduce air pollution.
You need a special permit to access limited traffic zones. This permit is usually issued to residents. To be granted access to a low-emission zone, your car must meet certain environmental standards. Authorities may use cameras to record the licence plate of vehicles that violate these restrictions.
If you enter these zones without a permit, you could be fined. If your vehicle is rented, the rental agency could receive the fine and provide your contact details to the local authorities.
Some municipalities use the services of a private company to collect the fines abroad. You could receive traffic tickets by mail several months after returning to Canada.
- Pay close attention to street signage
- Obtain instructions from your hotel on how to access it by vehicle if it’s located in a ZTL
Seasonal and regional regulations
Rules on the mandatory use of snow tires or snow chains differ regionally. Pay attention to road signage in mountainous regions or other parts of the country prone to snow.
Certain islands restrict or prohibit the entry and use of vehicles belonging to non-residents during the high tourism season and holiday season. These include:
- the Aeolian Islands (Alicudi, Filicudi, Lipari, Panarea, Salina, Stromboli, Vulcano)
- the Aegadian Islands (Favignana)
- the Campanian Archipelago (Capri, Ischia, Procida)
- the Pelagie Islands (Linosa)
- the Tuscan Archipelago (Giannutri, Giglio)
Other islands could enforce similar regulations. Confirm before travelling.
On route 163 of the Amalfi Coast, between Positano and Vietri sul Mare, it’s prohibited to use campervans or large recreational vehicles.
- Driving in Italy - European Commission
- International Driving Permit
You must purchase bus, metro and tram tickets in advance at kiosks in stations or at tobacco shops and validate them at machines located on board or in the station.
If you don’t validate your ticket, you may receive a fine requiring immediate payment.
The currency of Italy is the euro (EUR).
Payment in cash is restricted to transactions under €1000.
If you are carrying €10,000 or more, or the equivalent in other currencies, you must make a declaration to customs when you enter or leave the European Union. It includes sums in:
- banknotes and coins
- bearer negotiable instruments such as cheques, travellers’ cheques, promissory notes and money orders
- bonds, shares
- gold coins with a gold content of at least 90 %
- gold bars, nuggets or clumps with a gold content of at least 99.5 %
- any other convertible asset
This does not apply if you are travelling within the European Union or in transit to a non-EU country.
EU cash controls - European Commission
Forest and maquis fires often occur during the summer months, particularly in Sicily, Calabria and Sardinia.
The air quality in areas near active fires may deteriorate due to heavy smoke.
In case of a major fire:
- stay away from the affected area, particularly if you suffer from respiratory ailments
- follow the instructions of local emergency services personnel, including evacuation orders
- monitor local media for up-to-date information on the situation
Storms and flooding
In fall and winter, strong rainfall and winds may cause landslides and flash flooding, resulting in significant damage in coastal regions and certain cities such as:
- Campania (Amalfi Coast)
- Liguria (Cinque Terre)
The Italian Civil Protection Department publishes weather alerts on its website.
- Monitor local news and weather reports regularly
- Follow the instructions of local authorities, including evacuation orders
Latest alerts - Italian Civil Protection Department
Venice is subject to tidal flooding (acqua alta), particularly during fall and spring. During episodes of severe flooding, some streets and squares become impassable, and certain businesses and landmarks may temporarily suspend their activities. Local authorities typically install raised pedestrian platforms to facilitate crossing in strategic locations.
The city of Venice warns citizens and tourists of episodes of high tide through a system of acoustic alerts.
In case of high tide:
- follow the instructions of local authorities
- contact your hotel, travel agent or tour operator to determine if the situation will disrupt your travel arrangements
- Tidal forecast - City of Venice (in Italian)
- Interpreting tidal forecast - City of Venice
- @ICPSMVenezia - Tide Forecasting and Reporting Centre (in Italian)
In mountainous areas, avalanches present a risk. They can make roads impassable and cause power disruptions. These conditions can affect access to isolated areas, including tourist resorts, and limit the ability of emergency services to respond.
If you plan on skiing or mountaineering:
- stay informed of weather and safety conditions
Italy is located in an active seismic zone. Even minor earthquakes can cause significant damage. Volcano eruptions occur.
Mount Etna is Europe’s most active volcano. Periods of high activity can bring significant ash fall, earthquakes and emission of harmful gases.
The Stromboli and Vulcano islands are active volcanoes. Eruptions, ash fall and lava flow occur regularly.
Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields in the Naples area are active volcanoes. They are both located near densely populated areas and are continually monitored by the local authorities.
There are several other dormant volcanoes throughout the country.
If you’re travelling near an active volcano or are practising volcano tourism:
- closely monitor volcanic activity levels through local media and official sources
- ensure that you’re well informed about conditions that may pose a hazard
- follow the advice of local authorities
- Earthquakes - What to Do?
- Information on active volcanoes - Italian national institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (in Italian)
- Information on seismic activity in Italy - Italian Civil Protection Department
Dial 112 for emergency assistance.
Albania, Malta, San Marino
For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada in Rome and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.
The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.
The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.
If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.
Learn more about consular services .
take normal security precautions.
Take similar precautions to those you would take in Canada.
Exercise a high degree of caution
There are certain safety and security concerns or the situation could change quickly. Be very cautious at all times, monitor local media and follow the instructions of local authorities.
IMPORTANT: The two levels below are official Government of Canada Travel Advisories and are issued when the safety and security of Canadians travelling or living in the country or region may be at risk.
Avoid non-essential travel
Your safety and security could be at risk. You should think about your need to travel to this country, territory or region based on family or business requirements, knowledge of or familiarity with the region, and other factors. If you are already there, think about whether you really need to be there. If you do not need to be there, you should think about leaving.
Avoid all travel
You should not travel to this country, territory or region. Your personal safety and security are at great risk. If you are already there, you should think about leaving if it is safe to do so.
Italy Green Pass
Information for tourists
What Is the Current Health Situation in Italy?
How Do I Get a Green Pass for Travel in Italy?
Travel to Italy: What You Need to Know Now
Green pass no longer required for entry.
As of June 1, 2022, the Italian government no longer requires a green pass for entry into the country. This means that travelers do not have to show any Covid-19 documentation upon entry (vaccination or recovery certificate or negative Covid test). For more information, see the Italian Health Ministry's Covid-19 Information for Travelers website.
Domestic Green Pass no longer in place
Italy removed its domestic green pass requirement as of May 1, 2022. A green pass is only required in certain hospital and ER situations. A basic green pass is still required for entry to Italy from a foreign country. The Italian health ministry website lists entry requirements as the following: From 1 May, regardless of … Continue reading Domestic Green Pass no longer in place
Guide to green pass restrictions starting April 1
The Italian government is rolling back green pass restrictions in a gradual phased approach starting April 1.
Vaccination certificate valid indefinitely for those with booster
The vaccination certificate is valid in Italy indefinitely for those with a third dose booster, following a meeting of the Italian cabinet met on February 2. The government decided on new measures including an extension of vaccination certificates beyond six months for those who have completed their booster dose (or have recovered from Covid after … Continue reading Vaccination certificate valid indefinitely for those with booster
Italy Adds Four New Yellow Zones January 10, 2022
Italy added four new yellow zones on January 10, 2022: the regions of Abruzzo, Emilia Romagna, Tuscany and Valle Aosta. They were added to the list of 11 regions and autonomous provinces that were already designated as yellow zones.
New Decree on Super Green Pass Restrictions
Questions about how to get a super green pass? Visit our FAQ page. New super green pass restrictions will come into effect in Italy starting January 10, 2022 and through the end of the current state of emergency on March 31, 2022, based on a government decree on December 29, 2021. The additional activities previously allowed with … Continue reading New Decree on Super Green Pass Restrictions
New ‘Holiday Decree’ – December 23, 2021
Questions about how to get a super green pass? Visit our FAQ page. The government approved a new 'holiday decree' in Italy on Thursday, December 23, 2021, that was made official on December 25, 2021 when it was published in the country's Official Gazette. Here is a summary of the new restrictions, effective immediately through … Continue reading New ‘Holiday Decree’ – December 23, 2021
Super Green Pass Requirements – Chart
Questions about how to get a super green pass? Visit our FAQ page. The Italian government has produced a chart in Italian outlining super green pass requirements in place from April 1 to April 30, 2022. It also shows access requirements to various public activities for people without a green pass and with a basic green pass. … Continue reading Super Green Pass Requirements – Chart
Find out the current health situation in Italy and restrictions for tourists to Italy.
What is the Super Green Pass for holidays in Italy?
Questions about how to get a super green pass? Visit our FAQ page. The Italian government implemented a Super Green Pass to regulate access to certain activities throughout the country during the holiday season 2021. It was originally set to run through January 15, 2022, as Prime Minister Mario Draghi said the move was aimed … Continue reading What is the Super Green Pass for holidays in Italy?
U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Italy
Social / search, travel notice – coronavirus in italy.
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