We will keep fighting for all libraries - stand with us!
Internet Archive Audio
- This Just In
- Grateful Dead
- Old Time Radio
- 78 RPMs and Cylinder Recordings
- Audio Books & Poetry
- Computers, Technology and Science
- Music, Arts & Culture
- News & Public Affairs
- Spirituality & Religion
- Radio News Archive
- Flickr Commons
- Occupy Wall Street Flickr
- NASA Images
- Solar System Collection
- Ames Research Center
- All Software
- Old School Emulation
- MS-DOS Games
- Historical Software
- Classic PC Games
- Software Library
- Kodi Archive and Support File
- Vintage Software
- CD-ROM Software
- CD-ROM Software Library
- Software Sites
- Tucows Software Library
- Shareware CD-ROMs
- Software Capsules Compilation
- CD-ROM Images
- ZX Spectrum
- DOOM Level CD
- Smithsonian Libraries
- FEDLINK (US)
- Lincoln Collection
- American Libraries
- Canadian Libraries
- Universal Library
- Project Gutenberg
- Children's Library
- Biodiversity Heritage Library
- Books by Language
- Additional Collections
- Prelinger Archives
- Democracy Now!
- Occupy Wall Street
- TV NSA Clip Library
- Animation & Cartoons
- Arts & Music
- Computers & Technology
- Cultural & Academic Films
- Ephemeral Films
- Sports Videos
- Videogame Videos
- Youth Media
Search the history of over 858 billion web pages on the Internet.
- Wayback Machine (iOS)
- Wayback Machine (Android)
- Explore the Collections
- Build Collections
Save Page Now
Capture a web page as it appears now for use as a trusted citation in the future.
Please enter a valid web address
- Donate Donate icon An illustration of a heart shape
Journey to the West
Bookreader item preview, share or embed this item, flag this item for.
- Graphic Violence
- Explicit Sexual Content
- Hate Speech
- Misleading/Inaccurate/Missing Metadata
plus-circle Add Review comment Reviews
Download options, in collections.
Uploaded by nowaygetfuckedfuckoff on August 19, 2023
SIMILAR ITEMS (based on metadata)
Vietnam veteran's journey of remembrance and closure, 56 years in the making
Dean pace of mansfield repays a debt to fallen colleague.
ELKINS, W. VA. - In the summer of 1968, during the turbulent times of the Vietnam War, two young soldiers — Dean Pace of Muncie, Indiana (now living in Mansfield), and David Shiflett of Montrose, West Virginia — crossed paths on the battlefield and forged a friendship that would transcend time and circumstances. This is their remarkable story, one of friendship, loss, and, ultimately, closure.
Dean Pace and David Shiflett were serving in the U.S. Army in Pleiku, South Vietnam, when their paths converged. With only two weeks left in Vietnam, Dean turned to David with a request. He asked to borrow $50, promising to repay the debt before they both returned home. Little did they know that their lives were about to take a tragic turn.
Soon after lending the $50, David was killed in action, leaving Dean heartbroken. Dean returned to the United States two weeks later, burdened not only by the loss of a friend but also by an unresolved debt.
Dean Pace never forgot the $50 debt to fallen colleague
For over half a century, Dean never forgot David and the $50 debt he had yet to repay. Then, in 2019, Dean, who since moved to Mansfield, Ohio, was invited to join an Honor Flight trip from Columbus to Washington, D.C. During these trips, veterans are paired with guardians, and this is how Dean met Vickie Hall.
As they traveled together, Dean shared the story of his friend from West Virginia who had been killed in action. However, he didn't have complete information about David, not even his hometown or the correct spelling of his last name. Vickie, determined to help, embarked on a quest to find this missing link in Dean's life. She assured him that one day they would make the journey.
The year 2023 finally saw Dean and Vickie setting out on a journey of remembrance. They traveled to Montrose, West Virginia, to uncover the past that had haunted Dean for so many years. Arriving in Elkins, they checked into their rooms and headed towards Montrose, embarking on a mission to piece together the puzzle of David Shiflett's life.
Their journey began with the discovery of a bridge dedicated to David, offering a clue to his hometown. Neighbors at the bridge suggested visiting a nearby cemetery, which could hold the key to their search. As the day grew darker, they decided to return the following morning.
Friday the 13th proved to be their lucky day. Vickie called the Mountain State Memorial Cemetery office, where Mae Lilly provided them with the precise location of David's grave. Dean, who hadn't seen his friend since 1969, stood on the verge of closure. After visiting the grave, they expressed their gratitude to Mae Lilly, who also provided valuable contact information for David's family.
During their visit to the cemetery, they met individuals who had known David's brothers, Eddie and Steve Shiflett. These individuals suggested a visit to the Railroad Depot might yield more information. They followed the advice and found a volunteer at the Depot's Visitor Center who knew the Shiflett brothers. The pieces of the puzzle were falling into place.
Phone call from David's brother
As they walked toward the VFW, Vickie noticed the local newspaper office and suggested they ask for help. The newspaper staff directed them to the reporters, who suggested they visit the Peter Pan Dry Cleaners, owned by Jake Roberts. There, they met Jake, who was ready and willing to assist. Just as they were about to delve further into their quest, Vickie's phone rang, and it was David's brother, Eddie, returning her earlier call.
Eddie agreed to meet them at the cleaners, and the moment of closure drew nearer. When he walked in, Dean and Vickie felt an overwhelming sense of peace. Tears, hugs and smiles filled the room as Dean explained why he had embarked on this emotional journey — to pay off a 56-year-old debt.
With a sense of profound significance, Dean handed Eddie the $50 he had borrowed so many years ago. Eddie promised to tape the bill onto David's picture in his home. What was once a lingering debt had become a symbol of enduring friendship and closure.
Dean's journey of remembrance and reconciliation occurred on a Friday the 13th, but for him, it was a day to remember. It took 24 hours in Elkins, West Virginia, to close a door that had been left ajar for 56 years.
Dean and Vickie cherished their time in Elkins, expressing their gratitude to the many residents who helped them accomplish what they had come to do. Their journey was a testament to the power of friendship, determination, and the kindness of strangers.
After Welcoming Lil Durk to His Studio, Kanye West Poses for a Photo Amidst His Middle Eastern Journey
Posted: November 14, 2023 | Last updated: November 14, 2023
In 2023, Kanye West has made more headlines for his travel expeditions than his music so far. From Japan to Italy, then Ireland, and back to the USA, the ‘Donda’ rapper seems to be rivaling Pitbull for the title of Mr. International. Now the unfolding saga of what looks to be a standout year for his enthusiasts has converged in Saudi Arabia. Since the beginning of this month, the rapper has been popping up in random spots in the Middle Eastern country. Recently, his meet-up with Lil Durk caught fans’ attention.
Now another image of Ye’s adventures has surfaced online.
Kanye West spotted by a fan in Saudi Arabia
In his latest appearance, Ye seemed to have crossed paths with a fan who was lucky enough to run into him. Earlier today, an image of the ‘Gold Digger’ rapper’s run-in with the fan appeared on X (previously Twitter). In the picture, West stared straight into the camera with his signature straight-faced grave expression . Meanwhile, the caption explained that this run-in occurred in Al-‘Ula where the rapper is believed to have set up his studio .
Earlier, the rapper was also captured in some clicks as he laid back in the midst of the vast Arabian desert surrounded by a sci-fi-like ambiance. Apparently, the 46-year-old has conjured up a space to work on his music in the ancient town of Al-‘Ula . It is safe to say that lately his fans have been very intrigued by what the rapper is up to in the Medina Province.
ALSO READ: As Kanye West Spends Time with His Team in Saudi Arabia, “Mrs Ye,” Bianca Censori, Is Out with Friends
Well, Lil Durk’s recent appearance there may just answer those questions.
What is Ye doing with Lil Durk?
After weeks of talks regarding Ye’s collaboration with Ty Dolla $ign, another player has entered the arena. While everybody was anticipating West’s collaboration with him to drop soon, Lil Durk swooped in to steal the spotlight . When the ‘All My Life’ singer appeared in Ye’s current country of residence according to his Instagram story , fans went wild with curiosity. Many wondered if the two were joining hands on a project too.
Whether that is really the case, only time will tell. Meanwhile, his loyal fans cannot help but spin theories of what is up with the 46-year-old. Especially considering that he arrived in Saudi Arabia accompanied by his entire studio crew. So, it is likely that he could be producing music with fellow artists while there . Amidst the updates from his desert soirées, fans continue to eagerly anticipate Ye’s forthcoming album.
ALSO READ: ‘Nice Listening to…’-Kanye West Leaves J Prince in Awe in Saudi Arabia
What do you think Kanye West was doing when he was clicked by the fan? Share your thoughts in the comments.
The post After Welcoming Lil Durk to His Studio, Kanye West Poses for a Photo Amidst His Middle Eastern Journey appeared first on Netflix Junkie .
More for You
Putin Just Took Out a Threat to His Power
A new COVID variant, HV.1, is now dominant. These are its most common symptoms
Tower block at risk of collapse as residents told to evacuate immediately
Winter Storm Warning Snow Totals Depend On Where You Live
IRS Increases Gift and Estate Tax Exempt Limits — Here’s How Much You Can Give Without Paying
Female pool player Lynne Pinches refuses to play transgender opponent and walks off
House Republicans issue criminal referral against Michael Cohen over NY fraud trial testimony
Russian Troops 'Bled Dry' by ATACMS Cluster Bombs: Storm-Z Instructor
17 Polite Habits Most People Secretly Dislike
Here's why people aren't buying EVs in spite of price cuts and tax breaks.
Forget the gloom of the 1970s—UBS thinks the U.S. economy is headed back to a Clinton-like era of the bustling 1990s
30 Vintage Cakes Like Grandma Used To Make
There is a ‘loud absence’ at Washington, DC Israel rally: Tulsi Gabbard
'Panicked' Russia Pulls Warships From Crimea: Report
Three potential landing spots for Patriots HC Bill Belichick
No Bazinga! CBS sitcom 'Young Sheldon' to end comedic run after seven seasons
These Inviting Colors Will Make You Want to Paint Your Bedroom Right Now
60 of the Best '90s Movies That Are Modern Classics
Congress just found the dumbest way to avoid a government shutdown
Nuclear Attack Worst-Case Scenario Would See 90% of Americans Wiped Out
Harvey Senior High School’s class of 2023 celebrates end of 14-year education journey at graduation ceremony
It was all smiles at the Harvey Recreation and Cultural Centre earlier this month as 18 students celebrated the end of a 14-year education journey.
The Harvey Senior High School awards and graduation ceremony was held on November 2, with family, teachers and special guests among those in attendance to send off the class of 2023.
Principal David Gault spoke about how he was interviewing Year 6 students who would be starting at the school next year and said he thought it was fitting he challenge departing students with some of the same questions.
“On your last formal commitment as a student of Harvey SHS, I challenge you all, “where do you see yourselves in 10 years’ time?” “I don’t know” is not an answer,” he said.
“You must make a choice and you must actively work towards that choice. Don’t forget there is no right or wrong.
“Just like the Year 6s, I am sure that you will change your minds many times over this next chapter of your lives.”
Mr Gault said the graduates were well-equipped to make a positive impact, not only in their own lives but in those of others as well as the planet.
“Your dedication, hard work and perseverance have brought you to this moment, and I have no doubt that the future holds incredible opportunities for you all,” he said.
Ex-student Holly Butler was this year’s guest speaker.
24 awards were handed out on the night, recognising achievement in course subjects as well as personal achievements and development.
Quinn Alexandria Canillada and Blake Blechynden were tied for receiving the highest number of awards, taking home four accolades each.
THE FULL LIST
Human Biology General Award: Samuel Smith
Mathematics Essential Award: Blake Blechynden
English General Award: Blake Blechynden
Career and Enterprise Award: Joshua Tickell
Visual Arts Award: Quinn Alexandria Canillada
Media Production and Analysis Award: Quinn Alexandria Canillada
Design and Technology Wood Award: Joshua Tickell
Design and Technology Metals Award: Joshua Tickell
Outdoor Education Award: Blake Blechynden
Physical Education Studies Award: Gabriel Bonsico
ECU Personal Excellence Award: Janah Padua
Alcoa Outstanding Personal Achievement Award: Larni Morgan
Ampol Best All Rounder: Quinn Alexandria Canillada
Rotary Club Award: Jemma Tracey
Australian Defence Force Long Tan Leadership and Teamwork Award: Jacinta Hawkins
Australian Defence Force Future Innovators Award: Samuel Smith
Nola Marino Forrest Shield: Blake Blechynden
Lions Club SSEP Employability Pathways Award: Anna-Marie Kirkwood
Lions Club SSEP Personal Development Award: Jack Edwards
Supa IGA SSEP All Rounder Award: Henry Tupou
Robyn Clarke Citizenship Award: Samuel Smith
Double Reds Award: Azumi Cyna Madanguit
Shire of Harvey Outstanding Commitment to VET Studies Award: Jacinta Hawkins
Get the latest news from thewest.com.au in your inbox.
Sign up for our emails
- Español NEW
Journey to the West facts for kids
Journey to the West ( Chinese : 西遊記 ; pinyin : Xī Yóu Jì ; Wade–Giles : Hsi 1 Yu 2 Chi 4 ) is a Chinese novel published in the 16th century during the Ming dynasty and attributed to Wu Cheng'en . It is regarded as one of the greatest Classic Chinese Novels, and has been described as arguably the most popular literary work in East Asia. Arthur Waley 's 1942 abridged translation, Monkey , is known in English-speaking countries.
The novel is an extended account of the legendary pilgrimage of the Tang dynasty Buddhist monk Xuanzang , who traveled to the " Western Regions " ( Central Asia and India ) to obtain Buddhist sūtras (sacred texts) and returned after many trials and much suffering. The monk is referred to as Tang Sanzang in the novel. The novel retains the broad outline of Xuanzang's own account, Great Tang Records on the Western Regions , but adds elements from folk tales and the author's invention: Gautama Buddha gives this task to the monk and provides him with three protectors who agree to help him as an atonement for their sins. These disciples are Sun Wukong, Zhu Bajie, and Sha Wujing, together with a dragon prince who acts as Tang Sanzang's steed, a white horse. The group of pilgrims journeys towards enlightenment by the power and virtue of cooperation.
Journey to the West has strong roots in Chinese folk religion , Chinese mythology , Confucianism , Taoist , and Buddhist theology, and the pantheon of Taoist immortals and Buddhist bodhisattvas are still reflective of some Chinese religious attitudes today. Enduringly popular, the novel is at once a comic adventure story, a humorous satire of Chinese bureaucracy, a source of spiritual insight, and an extended allegory .
Sun wukong or monkey king, tang sanzang or tripitaka, zhu bajie or pigsy, sha wujing or sandy, media adaptations.
The earliest known full-length version of Journey to the West was published anonymously in 1592, preceded by two briefer versions. The question of authorship is further complicated by the fact that a good deal of the novel's material had been published in the form of folk tales. Anthony C. Yu, writing in 2012, warned that "this vexing dispute over the novel's authorship, similar to that on the priority of its textual versions, see-sawed back and forth for nearly a century without resolution."
Hu Shih, literary scholar and former Ambassador to the United States, wrote in 1942 that the novel was thought to have been written and published anonymously by Wu Cheng'en . He reasoned that the people of Wu's hometown attributed it early on to him, and kept records to that effect as early as 1625; thus, claimed Ambassador Hu, Journey to the West was one of the earliest Chinese novels for which the authorship is officially documented.
More recent scholarship casts doubts on this attribution. Brown University Chinese literature scholar David Lattimore stated in 1983: "The Ambassador's confidence was quite unjustified. What the gazetteer says is that Wu wrote something called The Journey to the West. It mentions nothing about a novel. The work in question could have been any version of our story, or something else entirely." Translator W. J. F. Jenner pointed out in 1942 that although Wu had knowledge of Chinese bureaucracy and politics, the novel itself does not include any political details that "a fairly well-read commoner could not have known."
The overall plot of Journey to the West was "already a part of Chinese folk and literary tradition in the form of" folk stories with informal language", a poetic novelette, and a six-part drama " play series, which was transcribed and written down, before the current version was written.
Regardless of the origins and authorship, Journey to the West has become the authoritative version of these folk stories, and Wu's name has become a household name accompanying the book.
The novel Journey to the West was based on historical events. Xuanzang (602–664) was a monk at Jingtu Temple in late- Sui dynasty and early- Tang dynasty Chang'an . Motivated by seeking better translations of Buddhist scripture at the time, Xuanzang left Chang'an in 629, in defiance of Emperor Taizong of Tang 's ban on travel. Helped by sympathetic Buddhists, he traveled via Gansu and Qinghai to Kumul (Hami), thence following the Tian Shan mountains to Turpan . He then crossed regions that are today Kyrgyzstan , Uzbekistan and Afghanistan , into Gandhara, in what is today northern Pakistan , in 630. Xuanzang traveled throughout India for the next thirteen years, visiting important Buddhist pilgrimage sites, studying at the ancient university at Nalanda, and debating the rivals of Buddhism.
Xuanzang left India in 643 and arrived back in Chang'an in 646. Although he had defied the imperial travel ban when he left, Xuanzang received a warm welcome from Emperor Taizong upon his return. The emperor provided money and support for Xuanzang's projects. He joined Da Ci'en Monastery (Monastery of Great Maternal Grace), where he led the building of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda to store the scriptures and icons he had brought back from India. He recorded his journey in the book Great Tang Records on the Western Regions . With the support of the emperor, he established an institute at Yuhua Gong (Palace of the Luster of Jade) monastery dedicated to translating the scriptures he had brought back. His translation and commentary work established him as the founder of the Dharma character school of Buddhism. Xuanzang died on 7 March 664. The Xingjiao Monastery was established in 669 to house his ashes.
Popular and story-teller versions of Xuanzang's journey dating as far back as the Southern Song dynasty include a monkey character as a protagonist.
The supernatural abilities displayed by Wukong and some other characters were widely thought of as "magic powers" at the time of Journey to the West 's writing and often translated as such in non-Chinese versions of the book.
The novel has 100 chapters that can be divided into four unequal parts. The first part, which includes chapters 1–7, is a self-contained introduction to the main story. It deals entirely with the earlier exploits of Sun Wukong, a monkey born from a stone nourished by the Five Elements, who learns the art of the Tao , 72 polymorphic transformations, combat, and secrets of immortality, and whose guile and force earns him the name Qitian Dasheng ( simplified Chinese : 齐天大圣 ; traditional Chinese : 齊天大聖 ), or "Great Sage Equal to Heaven." His powers grow to match the forces of all of the Eastern (Taoist) deities, and the prologue culminates in Sun's rebellion against Heaven, during a time when he garnered a post in the celestial bureaucracy. Hubris proves his downfall when the Buddha manages to trap him under a mountain, sealing it with a talisman for five hundred years.
The second part (chapters 8–12) introduces Tang Sanzang through his early biography and the background to his great journey. ..... Part of this section also relates to how Tang Sanzang becomes a monk (as well as revealing his past life as a disciple of the Buddha named "Golden Cicada" ( Chinese : 金蟬子 )) and comes about being sent on this pilgrimage by Emperor Taizong , who previously escaped death with the help of an official in the Underworld. In the story, Tang Sanzang is considered an allegorical representation of the human heart.
The third and longest section of the work is chapters 13–99, an episodic adventure story in which Tang Sanzang sets out to bring back Buddhist scriptures from Leiyin Temple on Vulture Peak in India, but encounters various evils along the way. The section is set in the sparsely populated lands along the Silk Road between China and India. The geography described in the book is, however, almost entirely fantasy; once Tang Sanzang departs Chang'an , the Tang capital, and crosses the frontier (somewhere in Gansu province), he finds himself in a wilderness of deep gorges and tall mountains, inhabited by demons and animal spirits who regard him as a potential meal (since his flesh was believed to give immortality to whoever ate it), with the occasional hidden monastery or royal city-state amidst the harsh setting.
Episodes consist of 1–4 chapters and usually involve Tang Sanzang being captured and having his life threatened while his disciples try to find an ingenious (and often violent) way of liberating him. Although some of Tang Sanzang's predicaments are political and involve ordinary human beings, they more frequently consist of run-ins with various demons, many of whom turn out to be earthly manifestations of heavenly beings (whose sins will be negated by eating the flesh of Tang Sanzang) or animal-spirits with enough Taoist spiritual merit to assume semi-human forms.
Chapters 13–22 do not follow this structure precisely, as they introduce Tang Sanzang's disciples, who, inspired or goaded by Guanyin, meet and agree to serve him along the way in order to atone for their sins in their past lives.
- The first is Sun Wukong, or the Monkey King (or just "Monkey"), whose given name loosely means "Monkey Awakened to Emptiness (Śūnyatā)", trapped under a mountain by the Buddha for defying Heaven. He appears right away in chapter 13. The most intelligent, the most powerful, and the most violent of the disciples, he is constantly reproved for his violence by Tang Sanzang. Ultimately, he can only be controlled by a magic gold ring that Guanyin has placed around his head, which causes him unbearable headaches when Tang Sanzang chants the Ring Tightening Mantra. In the story, Sun Wukong is an allegorical representation of the human mind and thought and impulse, and is often nicknamed the "Monkey mind".
- The second, appearing in chapter 19, is Zhu Wuneng / Zhu Bajie, literally "Pig Awakened to Ability" and "Eight Precepts Pig," sometimes translated as Pigsy or just Pig. He was previously the Marshal of the Heavenly Canopy, a commander of Heaven's naval forces, and was banished to the mortal realm for harassing the moon goddess Chang'e. A reliable fighter, he is characterized by his insatiable appetites for food and women, and is constantly looking for a way out of his duties, which causes significant conflict with Sun Wukong. In the story, Zhu Bajie is an allegorical representation of base human nature (or the Id ).
- The third, appearing in chapter 22, is the river ogre Sha Wujing (literally "Sand Awakened to Purity"), also known as Friar Sand or Sandy. He was previously the celestial Curtain Lifting General, and was banished to the mortal realm for dropping (and shattering) a crystal goblet of the Queen Mother of the West. He is a quiet but generally dependable and hard-working character, who serves as the straight foil to the comic relief of Sun and Zhu. In the story, Sha Wujing is an allegorical representation of human obedience and conformity without thought.
- The fourth is White Dragon Horse, the third son of the Dragon King of the West Sea, who was sentenced to death for setting fire to his father's great pearl. He was saved by Guanyin from execution to stay and wait for his call of duty. He has almost no speaking role, as throughout the story he mainly appears as a horse that Tang Sanzang rides on. In the story, the White Dragon Horse is an allegorical representation of the human will.
Chapter 22, where Sha Wujing is introduced, also provides a geographical boundary, as the river that the travelers cross brings them into a new "continent." Chapters 23–86 take place in the wilderness, and consist of 24 episodes of varying length, each characterized by a different magical monster or evil magician. ..... Throughout the journey, the four disciples have to fend off attacks on their master and teacher Tang Sanzang from various monsters and calamities.
It is strongly suggested that most of these calamities are engineered by fate and/or the Buddha, as, while the monsters who attack are vast in power and many in number, no real harm ever comes to the four travelers. Some of the monsters turn out to be escaped celestial beasts belonging to bodhisattvas or Taoist sages and deities. Towards the end of the book, there is a scene where the Buddha commands the fulfillment of the last disaster, because Tang Sanzang is one short of the 81 tribulations required before attaining Buddhahood.
In chapter 87, Tang Sanzang finally reaches the borderlands of India, and chapters 87–99 present magical adventures in a somewhat more mundane setting. At length, after a pilgrimage said to have taken fourteen years (the text actually only provides evidence for nine of those years, but presumably there was room to add additional episodes) they arrive at the half-real, half-legendary destination of Vulture Peak, where, in a scene simultaneously mystical and comic, Tang Sanzang receives the scriptures from the living Buddha.
Chapter 100, the final chapter, quickly describes the return journey to the Tang Empire, and the aftermath in which each traveller receives a reward in the form of posts in the bureaucracy of the heavens. Sun Wukong and Tang Sanzang both achieve Buddhahood, Sha Wujing becomes an arhat , White Dragon Horse is made a nāga and Zhu Bajie, whose good deeds have always been tempered by his greed, is promoted to an altar cleanser (i.e. eater of excess offerings at altars).
Sun Wukong ( Chinese : 孫悟空 ) (pinyin: sūnwùkōng) is the name given to this character by his teacher, Subhuti, the latter part of which means "Awakened to Emptiness" (in the Waley translation, Aware-of-Vacuity ); he is often called the " Monkey King ". He is born on Flower Fruit Mountain from a stone egg that forms from an ancient rock created by the coupling of Heaven and Earth. He first distinguishes himself by bravely entering the Water Curtain Cave on the mountain; for this feat, his monkey tribe gives him the title of "Handsome Monkey King (美猴王)." After seeing a fellow monkey die because of old age, he decides to travel around the world to seek the Tao , and find a way to be able to live forever. He eventually found the "Grand Master of Bodhi (菩提祖師)," who taught him the 72 heavenly methods of transformation and a "sumersault cloud" which allows him to travel 108,000 li almost instantaneously. After angering several gods and coming to the attention of the Jade Emperor , he is given a minor position in heaven as the Keeper of Horses (弼馬溫) so they can keep an eye on him. When Sun realizes that he was given the lowest position in heaven and is not considered a full-fledged god, he becomes very angry. Upon returning to his mountain, he puts up a flag and declares himself the "Great Sage Equal to Heaven (齊天大聖)." The Jade Emperor dispatches celestial soldiers to arrest Sun Wukong, but none succeed. The Jade Emperor has no choice but to appoint him to be the guardian of the heavenly peach garden. The different varieties of peach trees in the garden bear fruit every 3,000, 6,000, and 9,000 years, and eating their flesh will bestow immortality and other gifts, so Sun Wukong eats nearly all of the ripe peaches. Later, after fairies who come to collect peaches for Xi Wangmu's heavenly peach banquet inform Sun Wukong he is not invited and make fun of him, he once again begins to cause trouble in Heaven, stealing heavenly wine from the peach banquet and eating Laozi 's pills of immortality. He defeats an army of 100,000 celestial troops, led by the Four Heavenly Kings, Erlang Shen, and Nezha. Eventually, the Jade Emperor appeals to the Buddha, who seals Wukong under a mountain called Five Elements Mountain after the latter loses a bet regarding whether he can leap out of the Buddha's hand in a single somersault. Sun Wukong is kept under the mountain for 500 years and cannot escape because of a seal that was placed on the mountain. He is later set free when Tang Sanzang comes upon him during his pilgrimage and accepts him as a disciple.
His primary weapon is his staff, the "Ruyi Jingu Bang," which he can shrink down to the size of a needle and keep in his ear, as well as expand it to gigantic proportions. The rod, which weighs 17,550 pounds, was originally a pillar supporting the undersea palace of the Dragon King of the East Sea, but he was able to pull it out of its support and can swing it with ease. The Dragon King had told Sun Wukong he could have the staff if he could lift it, but was angry when the monkey was actually able to pull it out and accused him of being a thief. Sun Wukong was insulted, so he demanded a suit of armor and refused to leave until he received one. The Dragon King of the East and the other dragon kings, fearful of Sun wreaking havoc in their domain, gave him a suit of golden armor. These gifts, combined with his devouring of the peaches of immortality, erasing his name from the Book of the Dead, drinking heavenly wine from the Peach Festival, eating Laozi 's pills of immortality, and being tempered in Laozi 's Eight-Trigram Furnace (after which he gained a steel-hard body and fiery golden eyes that could see far into the distance and through any disguise), makes Sun Wukong the strongest member of the pilgrimage by far. Besides these abilities, he can also pluck hairs from his body and blow on them to convert them into whatever he wishes (usually clones of himself to gain a numerical advantage in battle). Furthermore, he is a master of the 72 methods of transformation ( Chinese : 七十二变 ), and can transform into anything that exists (animate and inanimate). Notably, however, Sun cannot fight as well underwater, and often the pilgrimage must rely on Pigsy and Sandy for marine combat. The monkey, nimble and quick-witted, uses these skills to defeat all but the most powerful of demons on the journey.
Sun's behavior is checked by a band placed around his head by Guanyin, which cannot be removed by Sun Wukong himself until the journey's end. Tang Sanzang can tighten this band by chanting the "Ring Tightening Mantra" (taught to him by Guanyin) whenever he needs to chastise him. The spell is referred to by Tang Sanzang's disciples as the "Headache Sutra". Tang Sanzang speaks this mantra quickly in repetition when Sun disobeys him.
Sun Wukong's childlike playfulness and often goofy impulsiveness is in contrast to his cunning mind. This, coupled with his great power, makes him a trickster hero. His antics present a lighter side in the long and dangerous trip into the unknown.
After completion of the journey, Sun is granted the title of Victorious Fighting Buddha ( simplified Chinese : 斗战胜佛 ; traditional Chinese : 鬥戰勝佛 ; pinyin : dòu zhànshèng fú ) and ascends to Buddhahood.
The monk Tang Sanzang ( Chinese : 唐三藏 , meaning "Tripitaka Master of Tang," with Tang referring to the Tang dynasty and Sanzang referring to the Tripiṭaka , the main categories of texts in the Buddhist canon which is also used as an honorific for some Buddhist monks) is a Buddhist monk who had renounced his family to become a monk from childhood. He is just called " Tripitaka " in many English versions of the story. He set off for Tianzhu Kingdom ( Chinese : 天竺国 , an appellation for India in ancient China) to retrieve original Buddhist scriptures for China. Although he is helpless in defending himself, the bodhisattva , Avalokiteśvara (Guanyin), helps by finding him powerful disciples who aid and protect him on his journey. In return, the disciples will receive enlightenment and forgiveness for their sins once the journey is done. Along the way, they help the local inhabitants by defeating various monsters and demons who try to obtain immortality by consuming Tang Sanzang's flesh.
Zhu Bajie ( Chinese : 豬八戒 , literally "Pig of the Eight Prohibitions") is also known as Zhu Wuneng ("Pig Awakened to Power"), and given the name " Monk Pig ", " Piggy ", " Pigsy ", or just simply " Pig " in English.
Once an immortal who was the Marshal of the Heavenly Canopy commanding 100,000 naval soldiers of the Milky Way , he drank too much during a celebration of the gods and attempted to harass the moon goddess Chang'e, resulting in his banishment to the mortal world. He was supposed to be reborn as a human but ended up in the womb of a sow due to an error on the Reincarnation Wheel, which turned him into a half-man, half-pig humanoid -pig monster. Zhu Bajie was very greedy, and could not survive without eating ravenously. Staying within the Yunzhan Dong ("cloud-pathway cave"), he was commissioned by Guanyin to accompany Tang Sanzang to India and given the new name Zhu Wuneng.
..... Eventually, the family agreed to let Zhu Bajie marry the maiden. But during the day of the wedding, he drank too much alcohol and accidentally returned to his original form. Being extremely shocked, the villagers ran away, but Zhu Bajie wanted to keep his bride, so he told the bride's father that if after one month the family still did not agree to let him keep the bride, he would take her by force. He also locked the bride up in a separate building. At this point, Tang Sanzang and Sun Wukong arrived at the Gao Family Village and helped defeat him. Renamed Zhu Bajie by Tang Sanzang, he consequently joined the pilgrimage to the West.
His weapon of choice is the jiuchidingpa (" nine-tooth iron rake "). He is also capable of 36 transformations and can travel on clouds, but not as fast as Sun Wukong. However, Zhu is noted for his fighting skills in the water, which he used to combat Sha Wujing, who later joined them on the journey. He is the second strongest member of the team.
Sha Wujing ( Chinese : 沙悟淨 , "Sand Awakened to Purity"), given the name " Friar Sand ", " Sand Monk ", " Sandman ", " Sand Fairy ", " Sand Orc ", " Sand Ogre ", " Sand Troll ", " Sand Oni ", " Sand Demon ", " Sand Monster ", " Sand Hulk ", " Sand ", or " Sandy " in English, was once a celestial Curtain Lifting General, who stood in attendance by the imperial chariot in the Hall of Miraculous Mist. He was exiled to the mortal world and made to look like a sandman, orc, ogre, troll, oni, demon, monster, or hulk because he accidentally smashed a crystal goblet belonging to the Queen Mother of the West during a Peach Banquet. The now-hideous immortal took up residence in the Flowing Sands River, terrorizing surrounding villages and travelers trying to cross the river. However, he was subdued by Sun Wukong and Zhu Bajie when Tang Sanzang's party came across him. They consequently took him in, as part of the pilgrimage to the West.
Sha Wujing's weapon is a magic wooden staff wrapped in pearly threads, although artwork and adaptations depict him with a Monk's spade staff. He also knows 18 transformation methods and is highly effective in water combat. He is known to be the most obedient, logical, and polite of the three disciples, and always takes care of his master, seldom engaging in the bickering of his fellow disciples. He has no major faults nor any extraordinary characteristics. Due to this, he is sometimes seen as a minor character. He does however serve as the peacekeeper of the group, mediating between Wukong, Bajie, and even Tang Sanzang and others. He is also the person whom Tang Sanzang consults when faced with difficult decisions.
He eventually becomes an arhat at the end of the journey, giving him a higher level of exaltation than Zhu Bajie, who is relegated to cleaning altars, but lower spiritually than Sun Wukong and Tang Sanzang, who are granted Buddhahood.
The brief satirical novel Xiyoubu ( Chinese : 西遊補 , "A Supplement to the Journey to the West," c. 1640 ) follows Sun Wukong as he is trapped in a magical dream world created by the Qing Fish Demon, the embodiment of desire ( Chinese : 情 , qing). Sun travels back and forth through time, during which he serves as the adjunct King of Hell and judges the soul of the recently dead traitor Qin Hui during the Song dynasty , takes on the appearance of a beautiful concubine and causes the downfall of the Qin dynasty , and even faces Pāramitā, one of his five sons born to the rakshasa Princess Iron Fan, on the battlefield during the Tang dynasty . The events of Xiyoubu take place between the end of chapter 61 and the beginning of chapter 62 of Journey to the West . The author, Dong Yue ( Chinese : 董說 ), wrote the book because he wanted to create an opponent—in this case desire—that Sun could not defeat with his great strength and martial skill.
Notable English-language translations
- Monkey: A Folk-Tale of China (1942), an abridged translation by Arthur Waley . For many years, this was the most well-known translation available in English. The Waley translation has also been published as Adventures of the Monkey God , Monkey to the West , Monkey: Folk Novel of China , and The Adventures of Monkey , and in a further abridged version for children, Dear Monkey . Waley noted in his preface that the method adopted in earlier abridgements was "to leave the original number of separate episodes, but drastically reduce them in length, particularly by cutting out dialogue. I have for the most part adopted the opposite principle, omitting many episodes, but translating those that are retained almost in full, leaving out, however, most of the incidental passages in verse, which go very badly into English." The degree of abridgement, 30 out of the 100 chapters (which corresponds to roughly 1/6 of the whole text), and excising most of the verse, has led to a recent critic awarding it the lesser place, as a good retelling of the story. On the other hand, it has been praised as "remarkably faithful to the original spirit of the work."
- In 2006, an abridged version of the Anthony C. Yu translation was published by University of Chicago Press under the title The Monkey and the Monk .
Julia Lovell's translation of selected chapters into lively contemporary English, with an extensive Introduction by Lovell and a Preface by Gene Luen Yang.
- The Journey to the West (1977–83), a complete translation in four volumes by Anthony C. Yu, the first to translate the poems and songs which Yu argues are essential in understanding the author's meanings. Yu also supplied an extensive scholarly introduction and notes. In 2012, University of Chicago Press issued a revised edition of Yu's translation in four volumes. In addition to correcting or amending the translation and converting romanisation to pinyin, the new edition updates and augments the annotations, and revises and expands the introduction in respect to new scholarship and modes of interpretation.
- Journey to the West (1982–84), a complete translation in four volumes by William John Francis Jenner. Readable translation without scholarly apparatus.
Saiyūki (西遊記) also known by its English title Monkey and commonly referred to by its title song, "Monkey Magic," is a Japanese television series starring Masaaki Sakai, produced by Nippon TV and International Television Films in association with NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) and broadcast from 1978 to 1980 on Nippon TV. It was translated into English by the BBC.
In the 1980s, China Central Television (CCTV) produced and aired a TV adaptation of Journey to the West under the same name as the original work. A second season was produced in the late 1990s covering portions of the original work that the first season skipped over.
In 1988, Japanese anime Doraemon released a movie named Doraemon: The Record of Nobita's Parallel Visit to the West which is based on the same story.
In 1997, Brooklyn-based jazz composer Fred Ho premiered his jazz opera Journey To The East , at the Brooklyn Academy of Music , which he developed into what he described as a "serial fantasy action-adventure music/theater epic," Journey Beyond the West: The New Adventures of Monkey based upon Wu Cheng’en's 16th-century novel. Ho's pop-culture infused take on the story of the Monkey King has been performed to great acclaim.
It also made its way to the Mass Electronic Entertainment Media (Reimagined Video game adaptation) in 2009, titled Enslaved: Odyssey to the West , which was released in October 2010 for Microsoft Windows , PlayStation 3 , and Xbox 360 . It was developed by Ninja Theory and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment. The main protagonist 'Monkey' is voice acted by Andy Serkis .
On 20 April 2017, Australia's ABC, TVNZ, and Netflix announced production was underway in New Zealand on a new live-action television series, The New Legends of Monkey , to premiere globally in 2018. The series, which is based on Journey to the West , is made up of 10 half-hour episodes. While there has been enthusiasm for the new series, it has also attracted some criticism for "whitewashing," since none of the core cast are of Chinese descent, with two of the leads having Tongan ancestry while only one, Chai Hansen , is of half-Asian (his father is Thai) descent.
More recently in 2017, Viki and Netflix hosted a South Korean show called A Korean Odyssey ; a modern comedy retelling that begins with the release of Sun Wukong/Son O-Gong and the reincarnation of Tang Sanzang/Samjang.
In August 2020, Game Science Studios announced a video game adaptation called Black Myth: Wukong .
On May 16, 2020, The Lego Group released the theme, Lego Monkie Kid, to which Journey of the West was credited as the main inspiration, featuring many characters from the original work. 4 days later on May 20, an animated television series pilot was released to coincide with the theme, and was later picked up for production and released serially starting in September 2020.
- Dragon Ball
- Dream of the Red Chamber
- Enslaved: Odyssey to the West
- The God of High School
- Romance of the Three Kingdoms
- Water Margin
- This page was last modified on 6 November 2023, at 08:16. Suggest an edit .
The West Australian
- Best Short Film
Sharon Stone says making Basic Instinct was a 'scary journey'
Sharon Stone says making 'Basic Instinct' was a "scary journey".
The 65-year-old actress played murderous Catherine Tramell opposite Michael Douglas as a detective investigating her crimes in the 1992 erotic thriller - which featured her infamous crotch-flashing scene - and Sharon says the role forced her to confront some "dark parts" of herself.
She told PEOPLE: "I got to confront my whole self, and that's a scary journey. But once you do it, you walk away with a tremendous amount of confidence because you've had to look at all of yourself, parts of yourself you would never have to dig deep and look at, scary parts, dark parts, concerning parts.
"And once you do that, you get quite a bit of confidence because you've really looked into the dark mirror."
Sharon went on to insist she's pleased the genre of 1990s-style erotic thrillers seems to be making a comeback, adding: "I think people like that. It's fun and it's exciting and they're sexy. I mean, what's wrong with that?"
The actress previously admitted the film totally changed her life over the course of a weekend following its release back in 1992 and she ended up being caught in a predicament when she was spotted out in Los Angeles days after the film's opening.
During an appearance on CNN, she explained: "I did not know [that scene] would change the dynamic of my life forever ... I didn't know that on Friday when that movie came out that I would basically be a nobody and on Tuesday I would go to get my eye glasses picked up on Sunset Plaza and I would come out and my little 325 BMW and I would stop at the stop light and everyone would climb all over my car. "And the light would turn green and cars would start beeping and I wouldn't know is it legal to drive when people are all over the top of your car?" When asked if her story was true, Sharon went on to confess she was worried about being jailed if any of the enthusiastic fans got hurt. She added: "This is the real thing and I'm in my car on Sunset Boulevard and they're all over the hood and they're all over the windshield and people are blowing their horns and I'm thinking if I drive and they get hurt, do I get arrested? Is it a crime when you drive and people are on your car? "And I'm inside thinking do I drive? Not drive? What's the law on people all over your car? ... " Sharon concluded by warning fans: "Don't get on my car 'cos I don't know what to do."
Your Local News
National Christmas tree begins its journey from W.Va. to D.C.
WDNE Radio’s Greg White contributed to this story
ALPINA, W.Va . — Wednesday’s snowfall in the high mountains of West Virginia created the perfect backdrop for the felling of the 2023 U.S. Capitol Christmas Tree.
A small group of about 75 people, mostly workers with the U.S. Forest Service and media members, braved 19 degree temperatures and crowded into the Laurel Fork Campground on the Monongahela National Forest to witness the harvest of a 63-foot Norway Spruce which is now destined for Washington D.C.
“All in all we estimate our staff looked at probably over 100 trees. We narrowed it down to the best eight candidates that had the characteristics we were looking for. Those eight trees are what we showed to the Architect of the U.S. Capitol for options,” said Amy Albright, Project Manager for the Capitol Christmas Tree Project.
Location played a big part in it as well according to Forest Supervisor Shawn Cochran.
“It has that nice typical pyramid shape that everybody can recognize. It’s a very well formed tree, but access plays a big role, getting those cranes in here and getting close to the tree is a major factor,” said Cochran.
The two cranes held the big spruce in position as two men known for their role in the West Virginia forest industry brought down the tree in the old school manner. Ron Polgar, a 46-year veteran of the Monongahela Forest Service Staff and Arden Cogar Junior who is well known for his many years of competing in Timbersports were selected to harvest the tree.
Cogar said cutting the tree with a cross-cut saw, a felling ax, and wedges was a celebration of the hard work many generations of West Virginia loggers.
“The Appalachian Mountains, West Virginia itself, is deep seated in the mining and timbering industry. That’s what put food on my family’s table for over six generations. We wanted to celebrate the hard work ethic that makes us Mountaineer proud,” said Cogar.
Polgar is a traditionalist. He teaches the skills of using the cross-cut saw and sharping the cross-cut blades as part of his work with the U.S. Forest Service. He was proud to be there.
“It’s quite an honor to provide the Christmas tree from our humble national forest to Washington D.C.” he said.
As the saw sliced through the last of the trunk and it was lifted from the stump, the crowd cheered and swelled with pride.
“I think it’s an incredible sense of pride. It’s a beautiful tree,” said Meadow Arbogast from Randolph County who is an employee of the Forest Service. “It’s really a special way to show how awesome West Virginians are.”
The tree will now take a trip on a flatbed truck around the state of West Virginia s o the state’s population can see the history making artifact before it’s finally erected on Capitol Hill for the holiday season. Along with the tree, West Virginians are sending along 14,000 homemade ornaments to adorn the tree. They were created by a number of school groups and other West Virginians as part of the Christmas Tree project.
The tree will be dedicated on Capitol Hill November 28th.
- WV MetroNews Home
- High School Sports
- Marshall Sports
Texas Rangers sideline reporter Emily Jones recaps journey from Texas Tech to World Series win
LUBBOCK, Texas (KCBD) - Josh Jung wasn’t the only Red Raider celebrating a World Series win on Wednesday night. In fact, this Red Raider has seen the diamond for multiple seasons. Her name - you might’ve heard before - is Emily Jones.
Jones graduated from Texas Tech in 1998 and quickly began her career. After some time as Sports Director at KCBD, Jones moved to Dallas and began her coverage of DFW teams. After a break in 2013, Jones returned to the sports journalism world as the official sideline reporter for the Texas Rangers.
Jones experienced the heartbreak of back-to-back losses in the World Series in 2010 and 2011 for the Rangers. Over a decade later, Jones said finally experiencing the first World Series title win in Rangers history really hasn’t set in quite yet.
“Having experienced the disappointment’s of 2010 and 2011,” Jones said, “to see this thing through to the finish was a pretty special moment for me personally, for our fanbase as a whole. It’s something I’m not quite sure I’ve fully digested at this point.”
However the journey to the end was in question for the Rangers towards quite literally the final game of the regular season.
Jones said she saw something click for the Rangers once the American League West Division Title got away from them right before the playoffs, changing the road for the Rangers into a longer one.
“Honestly, as crazy as it sounds, I feel like when we lost the division in Seattle on the final day of the regular season,” Jones said. “We had played so well the first half, injuries up and down, next man up mentality. You saw all those things in the regular season and then when it came down to crunch time, we weren’t able to close things out in that division race. Our playoff fate was even in doubt with a week left in the regular season. I think once that trigger hit that we didn’t win the division and that they were going to have to go about this the hard way – I think that’s when you saw this team really, really come together and bond in a way that they might not have otherwise if they would’ve taken the easy road.”
The Rangers ended up embracing the travel and turned into road warriors, Jones said. She mentioned an impressive playoff run by the team who never lost a game away from Globe Life Field in Arlington once through the four series they played and she was there for every one of them.
Jones said the 11-win road streak is something that has never been done before not only in the MLB but in the NBA and NHL or any sport that is formatted in a best-of-seven series.
“That’s the last road game we lost was in Seattle – game 162,” Jones said. “Then you rattle off a World Series title winning 11 straight on the road … It’s so impressive. It speaks to the leadership they have in Bruce Bochy, the veteran leadership in our clubhouse really stepped up and made sure – once the division was lost - they still had everything in front of them it just wasn’t going to be easy.”
Her journey from Texas Tech to celebrating a World Series title was full of tests with highs and lows throughout. Jones said she has met and learned from a lot of people in the industry and coaches - including Bob Knight, who passed away on Wednesday, and Mike Leach, who died last December.
“I appreciated him the time that I was in my career,” Jones said. “He taught me a lot. He taught me to be tough. I’m grateful for the lessons that I learned from him. I’m grateful for the friendship he showed me long after I left Lubbock. I’m grateful for the impact he had on the university I love.”
“It makes me sad to see him go especially as close to the time we lost Mike Leach,” Jones said. “Those were two of the biggest influences in my professional career that I can think of in that time that I’ve had in Lubbock.”
Next up for Jones, besides rest, is preparing for the celebration parade in Arlington on Friday afternoon. She said she plans to enjoy the festivities with her family, who was along for the ride all of these years.
Someone asked Jones about reflecting on her professional career leading up to the first pennant in Rangers history. This was her answer:
“This isn’t the icing on the cake,” Jones said. “This is the cherry on top of the whipped cream, on top of the icing, on top of the cake.”
Watch the full interview below:
Copyright 2023 KCBD. All rights reserved.
Police identify victims in Monday evening shooting
Man in Ropesville injured in work accident after tire explodes
Willie Nelson to perform at Cook’s Garage
Long-time Slaton business owner Rod Klemke dies at 81
Ordinance to decriminalize marijuana now in Lubbock voters hands after rejected by city council
Texas Tech defensive lineman Tony Bradford Jr. organizes turkey giveaway
Lady Raiders beat Lamar, 61-44, to move to 3-0
Team Red takes down Team Black in intersquad opener
Area Round playoff pairing info for our Area Teams
Jimbo Fisher era ends at Texas A&M
The Journey to the West, Revised Edition, Volume 1
Translated and Edited by Anthony C. Yu
576 pages | 1 halftone, 3 line drawings | 6 x 9 | © 2012
Asian Studies: East Asia
Literature and Literary Criticism: Asian Languages
- Table of contents
- Author Events
Table of contents, a certain justice, the passion book.
The Rise and Fall of Modern Japanese Literature
John Whittier Treat
For Dignity, Justice, and Revolution
Be the first to know
Get the latest updates on new releases, special offers, and media highlights when you subscribe to our email lists!
Sign up here for updates about the Press
Covering a story? Visit our page for journalists or call (773) 702-8360.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Law professor focused on ways in which First Amendment interplays with false information
- Analysis of firearm-related suicide data reveals increased risk in younger teens, states with lax firearm laws
- When does shaming work?
Anthony C. Yu, translator and scholar of religion and literature, 1938-2015
Anthony C. Yu, a scholar of religion and literature best known for his landmark translation of the Chinese epic The Journey to the West , died May 12 after a brief illness. He was 76.
Yu, the Carl Darling Buck Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in the Humanities and the Divinity School, introduced a comparative approach to the study of religion and literature that drew on both Eastern and Western traditions. Over his distinguished career, he made contributions on figures as wide-ranging as Aeschylus, Dante, Milton and William Faulkner. His work engages Chinese religions as well as classic texts of Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism.
“Professor Anthony C. Yu was an outstanding scholar, whose work was marked by uncommon erudition, range of reference and interpretive sophistication. He embodied the highest virtues of the University of Chicago, his alma mater and his academic home as a professor for 46 years, with an appointment spanning five departments of the University. Tony was also a person of inimitable elegance, dignity, passion and the highest standards for everything he did,” said Margaret M. Mitchell, the Shailer Mathews Professor of New Testament and Early Christian Literature and dean of the Divinity School.
Yu was born on Oct. 6, 1938 in Hong Kong. The outbreak of World War II forced his family to flee to mainland China in 1941. To distract him from the fear and danger of the conflict, Yu’s grandfather began to tell him fantastical stories of a wise monk and his companions Monkey and Pig.
These stories were drawn from Journey to the West , a 16th-century novel that is considered a classic in China. The novel follows the monk’s adventures as he travels across China in search of Buddhist scriptures from India.
“I was crazy about the stories and would badger my grandpa all the time, whether we would be in air-raid shelters or fleeing from some terrible dangers,” recalled Yu.
Yu, PhD’69, rediscovered Journey to the West as a young scholar at the University of Chicago. At the time, only one abridged English edition was available.
Yu’s colleagues Herrlee Creel in East Asian Languages and Civilizations, and Joseph Mitsuo Kitagawa, then dean of the Divinity School, encouraged him to undertake a fresh translation.
With more than 100 chapters containing both prose and verse, as well as complex religious and literary allusions, Journey to the West posed enormous challenges to a modern translator. Yu chased down every poem, song and piece of scripture referenced in the sprawling novel. Yet he also wanted to balance scholarly thoroughness with a text that would appeal to a broad audience.
“The most important thing is to make the text available,” he told the University of Chicago Chronicle.
Yu’s translation of Journey to the West appeared to wide acclaim in 1983. “While his translation does full justice to the adventure, lyricism and buffoonery of The Journey to the West, it is completely sensitive to the spiritual content of the text as well,” David Lattimore wrote in The New York Times. The book received the Laing Prize from the University of Chicago Press in 1984.
But Yu still wasn’t done with Journey to the West : He published an abridged translation, The Monkey and the Monk in 2006. He also updated and revised the unabridged text. A second edition of Journey to the West appeared in 2012.
Edward Shaughnessy, the Lorraine J. and Herrlee G. Creel Distinguished Service Professor in Early Chinese Studies and the College, taught The Monkey and the Monk in his Readings and World Literature Core course. Yu visited the class and delighted students with the story of the novel and its translation.
“Tony was not only a great translator of literature, but someone who personified the translation of culture in his urbanity and in his ability to speak with everyone,” Shaughnessy said.
'man of wide reading and deep insight'
Yu’s expertise went far beyond Journey to the West and Chinese literature. His undergraduate studies at Houghton College and his graduate training at the University of Chicago gave him command of the Western classics as well.
“He was really a comparativist in the truest sense, and a man of wide reading and deep insight,” said Bruce Lincoln, the Caroline E. Haskell Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions in the Divinity School.
The field of religion and literature perfectly suited Yu’s far-reaching interests and expertise. He wrote influential articles arguing for the importance of studying religion and literature together.
“He theorized [the study of religion and literature] as well as exemplified it,” said Wendy Doniger, the Mircea Eliade Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions in the Divinity School.
Doniger, who co-taught a course on the mythology of evil with Yu, recalled an agile and energetic teacher who rarely even glanced at his prepared notes.
“Studying with him was a tremendous privilege,” said Yu’s former student Eric Ziolkowski, who now teaches at Lafayette College. “He exuded a passion and an intensity that were contagious to anyone fortunate enough to be his student.”
Yu was a demanding teacher, but he paired his high expectations with generosity and attentiveness. Yu regularly hosted dinners at his home and invited students to attend the opera or symphony. He maintained warm relationships with many of his advisees long after they graduated.
As a colleague, Yu was “a warm presence in the life of the Divinity School, even after his retirement. He was invariably the first to congratulate colleagues on their scholarly achievements. Indeed, he took a genuine interest in our work,” said Paul Mendes-Flohr, the Dorothy Grant Maclear Professor of Modern Jewish History and Thought in the Divinity School. “He was an embodiment of the collegial and academic ethos of the Divinity School.”
Yu was an elected member of the American Academy of the Arts & Sciences, the American Council of Learned Societies and Academia Sinica. Among other appointments he was a board member of the Modern Language Association, and he received Guggenheim, ACLS, Mellon and other prestigious fellowships to support his research.
A pianist and lover of classical music, Yu and his wife Priscilla regularly attended the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Lyric Opera. Yu organized small chamber ensembles with his colleagues at the University.
Friends and colleagues recalled Yu’s excellent taste in wine and fondness for gourmet cooking. “That was one of the great pleasures of knowing Tony—you ate very well,” Doniger said. They also remembered him as a devoted husband and father.
For his student Ziolkowski, Yu “was living proof that beneath every truly great humanist is a great human being.”
Yu is survived by his wife Priscilla and son Christopher. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Divinity School and Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago. A University memorial service will be held on Sunday, June 14 at 3 p.m. in Bond Chapel.
Records reveal hidden history of female astronomers at yerkes observatory.
Experts discuss thoughtful approach to complex issues of migrant influx
Chicago Quantum Exchange to convene global leaders for sixth Chicago Quantum Summit
Modern Language Association to honor W. J. T. Mitchell with Lifetime Scholarly Achievement award
Where do breakthrough discoveries and ideas come from?
Explore The Day Tomorrow Began
Meet a UChicagoan
Compassion drives scientist to make advances in breast cancer research
Researchers building ‘bionic breast’ to restore sensation for cancer survivors
New Boeing, CQE collaboration will develop talent, advance quantum communications and sensing research
National Science Foundation
NSF awards up to $21.4M for design of next-gen telescopes to capture earliest m…
U.S. Tech Hub
Chicago region designated U.S. Tech Hub for quantum technologies by Biden-Harri…
UChicago, IIT Bombay form new science and technology partnership
UChicago community partners talk to first-year students about engaging with South Side
‘4+1’ Program offers College students fast path to master’s degree
“What you can learn here is a distinctive style of thinking.”
Forum for Free Inquiry and Expression
Amazon Prime includes:
Fast, FREE Delivery is available to Prime members. To join, select "Try Amazon Prime and start saving today with Fast, FREE Delivery" below the Add to Cart button.
- Cardmembers earn 5% Back at Amazon.com with a Prime Credit Card.
- Unlimited Free Two-Day Delivery
- Instant streaming of thousands of movies and TV episodes with Prime Video
- A Kindle book to borrow for free each month - with no due dates
- Listen to over 2 million songs and hundreds of playlists
- Unlimited photo storage with anywhere access
Important: Your credit card will NOT be charged when you start your free trial or if you cancel during the trial period. If you're happy with Amazon Prime, do nothing. At the end of the free trial, your membership will automatically upgrade to a monthly membership.
Buy new: $33.00 $33.00 FREE delivery: Wednesday, Nov 22 on orders over $35.00 shipped by Amazon. Ships from: Amazon.com Sold by: Amazon.com
- Free returns are available for the shipping address you chose. You can return the item for any reason in new and unused condition: no shipping charges
- Learn more about free returns.
- Go to your orders and start the return
- Select the return method
Buy used: $27.70
Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. Something we hope you'll especially enjoy: FBA items qualify for FREE Shipping and Amazon Prime.
If you're a seller, Fulfillment by Amazon can help you grow your business. Learn more about the program.
Other Sellers on Amazon
Download the free Kindle app and start reading Kindle books instantly on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required .
Read instantly on your browser with Kindle for Web.
Using your mobile phone camera - scan the code below and download the Kindle app.
- To view this video download Flash Player
Follow the author
The Journey to the West, Revised Edition, Volume 3 (Volume 3) Paperback – December 20, 2012
- Hardcover $1,599.97 2 Used from $1,114.10
- Paperback $33.00 11 Used from $19.98 25 New from $28.07
Purchase options and add-ons
- Book 3 of 4 The Journey to the West Series
- Print length 440 pages
- Language English
- Publisher University of Chicago Press
- Publication date December 20, 2012
- Dimensions 6 x 1.1 x 9 inches
- ISBN-10 0226971376
- ISBN-13 978-0226971377
- See all details
Frequently bought together
Similar items that may ship from close to you
About the author.
Anthony C. Yu is the Carl Darling Buck Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Humanities and Professor, The Divinity School, Departments of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, English Language and Literature, Comparative Literature, and the Committee on Social Thought, The University of Chicago.
- Publisher : University of Chicago Press; Revised edition (December 20, 2012)
- Language : English
- Paperback : 440 pages
- ISBN-10 : 0226971376
- ISBN-13 : 978-0226971377
- Item Weight : 1.51 pounds
- Dimensions : 6 x 1.1 x 9 inches
- #1,454 in Fiction Satire
- #13,491 in Historical Fiction (Books)
To report an issue with this product, click here .
About the author
Discover more of the author’s books, see similar authors, read author blogs and more
Customer Reviews, including Product Star Ratings help customers to learn more about the product and decide whether it is the right product for them.
To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. It also analyzed reviews to verify trustworthiness.
- Sort reviews by Top reviews Most recent Top reviews
Top reviews from the United States
There was a problem filtering reviews right now. please try again later..
Top reviews from other countries
- Amazon Newsletter
- About Amazon
- Press Center
- Investor Relations
- Amazon Devices
- Amazon Science
- Start Selling with Amazon
- Sell apps on Amazon
- Supply to Amazon
- Protect & Build Your Brand
- Become an Affiliate
- Become a Delivery Driver
- Start a Package Delivery Business
- Advertise Your Products
- Self-Publish with Us
- Host an Amazon Hub
- › See More Ways to Make Money
- Amazon Visa
- Amazon Store Card
- Amazon Secured Card
- Amazon Business Card
- Shop with Points
- Credit Card Marketplace
- Reload Your Balance
- Amazon Currency Converter
- Your Account
- Your Orders
- Shipping Rates & Policies
- Amazon Prime
- Returns & Replacements
- Manage Your Content and Devices
- Your Recalls and Product Safety Alerts
- Conditions of Use
- Privacy Notice
- Your Ads Privacy Choices
- pop Culture
- Complex Volume
- Facebook Navigation Icon
- Twitter Navigation Icon
- Instagram Navigation Icon
- Youtube Navigation Icon
- Snapchat Navigation Icon
- TikTok Navigation Icon
- pigeons & planes
- Youtube logo nav bar 0 youtube
- Twitch logo twitch
- Netflix logo netflix
- Hulu logo hulu
- Roku logo roku
- Crackle Logo Crackle
- RedBox Logo RedBox
- Tubi logo tubi
- Facebook logo facebook
- Twitter Navigation Icon twitter
- Instagram Navigation Icon instagram
- Snapchat Navigation Icon snapchat
- Pinterest logo pinterest
- TikTok Navigation Icon tiktok
- Flipboard logo nav bar 1 flipboard
- RSS feed icon rss feed
- first we feast
Work with us
- united states
- united kingdom
- complex chinese
COMPLEX participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means COMPLEX gets paid commissions on purchases made through our links to retailer sites. Our editorial content is not influenced by any commissions we receive.
© Complex Media, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Complex.com is a part of
Marlon Wayans Discusses ‘Painful’ Journey to Accepting His Child is Trans: 'I'm Just So Proud of Them'
The comedian's upcoming stand-up special will be about his reaction to his kid coming out and transitioning.
Marlon Wayans has a child who’s trans .
The comedian shared the information on The Breakfast Club , revealing that his forthcoming stand-up special, named either Skittles or Rainbow Child , is about his reaction to his kid, Kai, coming out and transitioning.
View this video on YouTube
“I have a daughter that transitioned into a son,” Wayans said around the 14-minute mark. “My daughter Amai is now Kai, and so, I talk about the transition. Not her, his… their transition, but my transition as a parent, going from ignorance and denial to complete unconditional love and acceptance.”
Wayans confessed that the news was “painful” for him. It’s clear he’s still working some things out, as he sometimes uses the wrong pronouns for Kai. “They let me… they know. They know I love her and they see me trying and that I’m happy. It just fucks me up when I say ‘they,’ I’m like, there’s two of you? But I gotta respect their wishes.”
WHAT MADE ME SMILE TODAY: Marlon Wayans speaks on his child being a trans man. This is beautiful & this is the direction, support and affirming queer people should receive from their parents. 🏳️⚧️✊🏾🏳️🌈 pic.twitter.com/ssYUCUnQ5R — Jerome Trammel (she/her he/him) (@MrJeromeTrammel) November 11, 2023
Wayans continued, “I just want my kids to be free. I want them to be free in spirit, free in thought, free to be themselves. The more you know yourself, the more you can govern yourself; the more you live your truth, the happier your existence. So, if they can’t get that in the household with their father and their mother, who the fuck do I send them out into the world with that kind of confidence? And I’m just so proud of them for being them. But that don’t mean that they ain’t got jokes!”
He shared that Kai knows about his new stand-up special, which he recently performed for some big names in entertainment, government, and even the military.
“It was that big of a crowd, and I felt like, I want to do this set right here because it’s important to me. What’s important to me? Comedy. What’s important to me? My children, whom I love. And what’s important? Is change. And so all you world leaders that’s having this summit, I want you to think about these people, and this synapse, and how to be inclusive of this next generation. Because I see a lot of gray hair here, but these kids that we’re dealing with, they’re different, and we can’t have our old ways and expect to do new things.”
SHARE THIS STORY
Sign up for the
Your leading source for what’s now and what’s next in Music, Style, Sports, and Pop Culture.
By entering your email and clicking Sign Up, you’re agreeing to let us send you customized marketing messages about us and our advertising partners. You are also agreeing to our
Latest in Pop Culture
| BY JAELANI TURNER-WILLIAMS
Watch Leonardo DiCaprio Rap Gang Starr's "DWYCK" at 49th Birthday Party
Terrence Howard Reflects on Making $12,000 From ‘Hustle & Flow’ and $6,000 From ‘Crash’ While Speaking on Actors Strike
| BY ALEX OCHO
Khloé Kardashian Shares How Kim Grew in Confidence After Kanye Divorce: ‘I Know How Scared She Was to Do It’
Fantasia Barrino on Surviving an Overdose: 'I Realized I Have the Spirit of an Eagle'
Matt LeBlanc Honors Matthew Perry in Instagram Tribute: 'You're Finally Free'
| BY LEI TAKANASHI
The Creator of Those Viral AI-Generated Hood Cartoons Details His Process
| BY TARA MAHADEVAN
Kim Kardashian Recalls Her Dad Going to Psychic Who Predicted His Last Name Would Be 'Internationally Known'
| BY TRACE WILLIAM COWEN
Kim Kardashian Says North West Will 'Fully Scam' People at Her Lemonade Stand: ‘I’ll Get Calls From My Friends’
| BY KEVIN WONG
A Bright Spot in 'The Marvels': Iman Vellani Steals the Show as Kamala Khan
Lil Tay Reflects on Death Hoax, Denies She's Been Exploited by Brother