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Amyl nitrite is a depressant which means it slows down the messages travelling between the brain and body. Classified as an inhalantit belongs to a class of drugs known as alkyl nitrites, which also includes butyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite and isopropyl nitrite. Amyl nitrite is a vasodilator. Vasodilators are medicines that cause the blood vessels in the body to dilate and the involuntary smooth muscles to relax, lowering blood pressure.
Alkyl nitrate poppers nitrite was used medically in the past for the treatment of angina, and has been used for the treatment for of cyanide poisoning. The effects are usually felt straight away, and last for around two to five minutes. Amyl nitrite is an extremely flammable and highly volatile oil. It is clear or yellowish in colour and is commonly inhaled from a small glass bottle. Historically, amyl nitrite has been primarily used by men who have sex with men.
There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries some risk. The level of harm from the long-term use of amyl nitrite is generally low. However long term effects can range from mild allergic reactions to potentially life threatening methaemoglobinaemia — a blood disorder that can lead to inadequate oxygen supply to body tissue.
Frequent use can also cause a rash around the mouth, nose and eyes, or any skin in regular contact with the vapour. Direct fluid contact with skin can cause burns and should be avoided. People who are anaemic, pregnant, have Alkyl nitrate poppers heart condition, have high blood pressure, or have increased pressure within the skull head injury or brain haemorrhage should avoid using amyl nitrite as this can increase the risk of harmful effects. The effects of using amyl nitrite with other drugs — including over-the-counter or prescribed medications — can be unpredictable and dangerous, and could cause:.
Regular use of amyl nitrite use does not result in dependence. Some people are unaware of how amyl nitrite should be used and incorrect use can be fatal. Amyl nitrite liquid should not be ingested i. If your use of amyl nitrite is affecting your health, family, relationships, work, school, financial or other life situations, you can find help and support. In recent years, some Australian states and territories have revised police powers to intervene in inhalant use in two main ways. Police are authorised to:. Currently Alkyl nitrate poppers Nitrite is a Schedule 4 drug that requires a prescription for use.
It is an offence in Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria, South Australia, and the Northern Territory to knowingly supply an inhalant to a person for the purpose of intentional inhalation. Jungle Juicebuzzliquid goldpopperspurple hazerush. Drug List Drug Wheel. Amyl nitrite. Last published: July 16, Print. What is amyl nitrite? Amyl Nitrite Fact sheet How is it used? Amyl nitrite will affect everyone differently, based on: size, weight and health whether the person is used to taking it whether other drugs are taken around the same time the amount taken the strength of the drug amount of fresh air breathed while inhaling amount of physical activity before and after inhaling.
Withdrawal Regular use of amyl nitrite use does not result in dependence. You can also search our list of Support Services for services in your local area:. Search support services. Inhalant use is not a criminal offence in any Australian state or territory. Police are authorised to: take away inhalants and related equipment pick up young people who are using inhalants, and release them into the care of a responsible person, or a place of safety.
In4. Therapeutic Goods Administration. Amyl nitrite: U. Australian drug guide : the plain language guide to drugs and medicines of all kinds. Melbourne, Vic. Drug And Alcohol Review. Publication of interim decisions proposing to amend, or not amend, the current Poisons StandardSeptember 1.
Methylene blue: a treatment for severe methaemoglobinaemia secondary to misuse of amyl nitrite.
Emergency Medicine Journal. Schauber J, Herzinger T. Clinical And Experimental Dermatology. Lexicon of Alcohol and Drug Terms.
World Health Organisation; Department of Health. National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed findings. Canberra: AIHW; More from the ADF Library. Last updated: 16 JulAlkyl nitrate poppers
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Is amyl nitrite safe?